nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2023‒08‒21
two papers chosen by
Laura Nicola-Gavrila
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Intended and unintended knowledge spillovers in innovation By Kraft, Kornelius; Rammer, Christian
  2. Knowledge transmission in the second part of careers: does formal training matter? By Pierre-Jean Messe; Nathalie Greenan

  1. By: Kraft, Kornelius; Rammer, Christian
    Abstract: Firms can use different sources of external knowledge for developing and implementing innovations. Some knowledge is provided deliberately by the source and constitutes intended knowledge spillovers, e.g., knowledge disclosed in publications or patent files. Other sources represent unintended knowledge spillovers, such as reverse engineering of technologies or hiring workers from other firms. Based on data from the Community Innovation Survey, this paper analyses the role of different types of intended and unintended knowledge spillovers for innovation output at the firm level. Among intended knowledge spillovers, using knowledge from patents shows the strongest link to innovation output, particularly in case of product innovations with a high degree of novelty (world-first innovations). Knowledge from publications is not associated with a significantly higher innovation output. Among unintended spillovers, both reverse engineering and hiring of workers positively contribute to innovation output of firms, with stronger effects for reverse engineering. Interestingly, there is a strong link between reverse engineering and process innovation output (unit cost reduction), which reflects the fact that firms using this knowledge source operate in a market environment characterized by high price competition, which incentivizes an innovation strategy based on cost efficiency.
    Keywords: Knowledge sources, innovation output, intended knowledge spillovers, unintended knowledge spillovers, reverse engineering
    JEL: O31 O33 D83
    Date: 2023
  2. By: Pierre-Jean Messe; Nathalie Greenan
    Date: 2023

This nep-knm issue is ©2023 by Laura Nicola-Gavrila. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.