nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2023‒03‒13
three papers chosen by
Laura Nicola-Gavrila
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Intellectual property rights protection and trade: an empirical analysis By Emmanuelle Auriol; Sara Biancini; Rodrigo Paillacar
  2. Advanced digital technologies and investment in employee training: Complements or substitutes? By Brunello, Giorgio; Rückert, Désirée; Weiss, Christoph; Wruuck, Patricia
  3. The demand of knowledge in Real Estate necessary to professionals working in the area: a survey along with employing company By Isabelle Turri; Eliane Monetti

  1. By: Emmanuelle Auriol (TSE-R - Toulouse School of Economics - UT1 - Université Toulouse 1 Capitole - Université Fédérale Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement); Sara Biancini (ESSEC Business School and THEMA (UMR 8184) - Economics Department - Essec Business School - THEMA - Théorie économique, modélisation et applications - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CY - CY Cergy Paris Université); Rodrigo Paillacar (CY - CY Cergy Paris Université)
    Abstract: The paper proposes an empirical analysis of the determinants of the adoption of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and their impact on innovation in manufacturing. The analysis is conducted with panel data covering 112 countries. First we show that IPR protection is U-shaped with respect to a country's market size and inverse-U-shaped with respect to the aggregated market size of its trade partners. Second, reinforcing IPR protection reduces on-the-frontier and inside-the-frontier innovation in developing countries, without necessarily increasing innovation at the global level.
    Keywords: Intellectual Property Rights, Innovation, Developing Countries, Market Potential, Trade
    Date: 2023–02
  2. By: Brunello, Giorgio; Rückert, Désirée; Weiss, Christoph; Wruuck, Patricia
    Abstract: Using firm-level data covering the 27 EU countries, the UK and the US, we show that employers tend to reduce investment in training per employee after adopting advanced digital technologies (ADT). We estimate with a control function approach firm-level production functions augmented with two factors, the training stock per employee and digital technology use. We show that ADT use and employee training are substitutes in production, implying that an increase in the former negatively affects the marginal productivity of the latter, and that a decline in the cost of introducing ADT reduces employers' investment in training per employee. These findings point to challenges in realizing high levels of firmsponsored training for employees in increasingly digital economies.
    Date: 2023
  3. By: Isabelle Turri; Eliane Monetti
    Abstract: Around the world authors have distinct visions about the education on real estate emphasized due to the stage of development different from their regions. The study of real state in a local tend to be shaped through demand of knowledge of professionals working in the region. Among the study challenge of this topic has a lacking knowledge about the study of this discipline, and the references are uniquely than what are noted in economies more advanced, the nomenclature used is not standardized, and there is not a unique body knowledge.This survey seeks to know the demand about the awareness in the visions of industry and active contractors in different real estate area, through the application of questionnaires to contractors.Concepts were identified, themes in topics related to the professional activities of real estate, organized in 5 segments: (i) real estate development, (ii) real estate finance, (iii) real estate investment, (iv) real estate economics and (v) real estate management, which one covering different topics.The selected professionals to apply the questionary were defined in different groups, recognized in: incorporating companies – real estate development; investing companies – only invest don’t operate, has the focus in fund mobilize; and properties companies – holder companies of income commercial properties, focusing in acquisition, leasing, management and sale.Through the form the individuals attribute levels of importance about the topics, that allowed ranking. Across these attributions was possible to rate the themes.Three topics accent in terms of relevance, regardless of the business segment or area. They are: (i) the construction of economic-financial models for investment analysis; (ii) the formatting of projects; (iii) the financial market and its behavior expectations.
    Keywords: Body of knowledge; Education; Professional qualification; real estate
    JEL: R3
    Date: 2022–01–01

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