nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2023‒01‒16
six papers chosen by
Laura Nicola-Gavrila
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Knowledge Management: A Tool and Technology for Organizational Success By Chatterjee, Sidharta; Samanta, Mousumi
  2. Knowledge-Based Capital in a Set of Latin American Countries: The LA KLEMS-IADB Project By Benages, Eva; Mas, Matilde
  3. Testing the External Shock Narrative of the Conflict on Transition Towards Knowledge Economy in Syria By Ibrahim Alnafrah; Suliman Mouselli
  4. Research on College Students' Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education from The Perspective of Artificial Intelligence Knowledge-Based Crowdsourcing By Yufei Xie; Xiang Liu; Qizhong Yuan
  5. Air Pollution and Firm-Level Human Capital, Knowledge and Innovation By Cavalcanti, T.; Mohaddes, K.; Nian, H.; Yin, H.
  6. Digitalization, financial knowledge and financial decisions By Daniela Marconi; Marco Marinucci; Giovanna Paladino

  1. By: Chatterjee, Sidharta; Samanta, Mousumi
    Abstract: There are many tools and techniques that are effectively deployed in managing organizational knowledge. In this brief paper, we delineate some of the tools of organizational knowledge management. We believe that the practice of knowledge management is itself a tool and an efficient technique for organizing organizational knowledge more effectively. On this regard, this paper contributes to our further understanding of what organizational knowledge is, and how they should be proficiently managed that would contribute to organizational success.
    Keywords: Knowledge management, Organizational learning, KM tools, organizational success
    JEL: O31 O32 O34
    Date: 2022–12–23
  2. By: Benages, Eva; Mas, Matilde
    Abstract: This paper presents the framework and methodology for the economic valuation of the knowledge-based economy in five Latin American (LA) countries, namely Costa Rica, El Salvador, Mexico, Peru and the Dominican Republic, for which a new database (IDB-Ivie, 2020) has recently been released. It uses an alternative approach to measuring the knowledge intensity of economies as to those based on the aggregation of industries according to selected indicators such as research and development (R&D) expenditure or labor force skills. Instead, we follow an economic approach rooted in the growth accounting methodology, determining the contribution of each individual factor of production (capital and labor) according to the prices of the services it provides. This methodology will be applied to the above-mentioned LA countries, and to the United States and Spain, which are used as benchmarks. Data are available for the period 1995-2016.
    Keywords: Knowledge economy;Growth accounting;Capital services;Humancapital
    JEL: O33 O47
    Date: 2021–04
  3. By: Ibrahim Alnafrah (Damascus University); Suliman Mouselli (Arab International University)
    Abstract: The external shocks narrative in the existing literature suggests that the underdevelopment of a knowledge-based economy in low-income countries is due to external shocks of an economic or political nature. This study aims to analyze the real causes that hinder the Syrian economy from transitioning toward a knowledge-based economy. We apply the Documentary Research Method (DSM) to analyze the existing literature of the external shock theory as well as studies that investigated the transition process toward a knowledge-based economy. We also apply the Structural Vector Autoregression (SVAR) to measure the impact of internal and external shocks on some innovation and knowledge creation-related variables. Our results indicate that, in the short and long run, external shocks do not provide a comprehensive explanation of the failure to build a knowledge-based economy in Syria. On the other hand, internal shocks, whether the shock of liberal policies or the internal conflict, provide better insights. The results also show that internal shocks in general and the shock of liberal policies in particular are largely responsible for Syria's failure in transitioning to a knowledge-based economy, and for the outbreak and development of the conflict. A set of economic policies were proposed for the reconstruction of Syria based on a non-classical approach that orients the reconstruction process toward building a knowledge-based economy and raising the pace of convergence with other countries in the region, whether in terms of digitization or changing the sectoral structure of the economy.
    Date: 2021–11–20
  4. By: Yufei Xie; Xiang Liu; Qizhong Yuan
    Abstract: Based on the practical process of innovation and entrepreneurship education for college students in the author's university, this study analyzes and deconstructs the key concepts of AI knowledge-based crowdsourcing on the basis of literature research, and analyzes the objective fitting needs of combining AI knowledge-based crowdsourcing with college students' innovation and entrepreneurship education practice through a survey and research of a random sample of college students, and verifies that college students' knowledge and application of AI knowledge-based crowdsourcing in the learning and practice of innovation and entrepreneurship The study also verifies the awareness and application of AI knowledge-based crowdsourcing knowledge by university students in the learning and practice of innovation and entrepreneurship.
    Date: 2022–12
  5. By: Cavalcanti, T.; Mohaddes, K.; Nian, H.; Yin, H.
    Abstract: This paper investigates the long-run effects of prolonged air pollution on firmlevel human capital, knowledge and innovation composition. Using a novel firm-level dataset covering almost all industrial firms engaged in science and technology activities in China, and employing a regression discontinuity design, we show that prolonged pollution significantly diminishes both the quantity and the quality of human capital at the firm level. More specifically, we show that air pollution affects firm-level human capital composition by reducing the share of employees with a PhD degree and master’s degree, but instead increasing the share of employees with bachelor’s degree. Moreover, the difference in the composition of human capital materially change the knowledge and innovation structure of the firms, with our estimates showing that pollution decreases innovations that demand a high level of creativity, such as publications and inventions, while increasing innovations with a relatively low level of creativity, such as design patents. Quantitatively, on the intensive margin, one μg/m 3 increase in the annual average PM 2.5 concentration leads to a 0.188 loss in the number of innovations per R&D employee. Overall, we show that air pollution has created a gap in human capital, knowledge, and innovation between firms in the north and south of China, highlighting the importance of environmental quality as a significant factor for productivity and welfare.
    Keywords: Pollution, human capital, knowledge, innovation, China
    JEL: O15 O30 O44 Q51 Q56
    Date: 2023–01–03
  6. By: Daniela Marconi (Bank of Italy); Marco Marinucci (Bank of Italy); Giovanna Paladino (Museo del Risparmio-Intesa Sanpaolo)
    Abstract: Is the propensity to save and to invest related to digital skills and financial knowledge? Do digital skills and financial knowledge affect people’s attitudes towards digital payments and digital financial services? Is there a gender gap? This paper addresses these issues by using a new dataset based on around 4, 000 individuals interviewed in two waves between 2019 and 2021. We find that digital and financial skills are fundamental to shaping financial behaviours and attitudes, including those towards digital financial services. But there are some reservations to be made: digital skills complement financial ones in managing personal budgets, monitoring expenses and saving money at the end of the month, as well as helping people realize the benefits of making use digital financial services. On the other hand, digital skills do not affect investment decisions. We also show that both digital and financial skills are positively associated with educational and income levels and are characterized by a significant gender gap.
    Keywords: Financial knowledge, digital skills, financial behavior, digital payments, digitalization, financial inclusion
    JEL: D53 G11 G53 O16
    Date: 2022–12

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