nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2022‒12‒19
eight papers chosen by
Laura Nicola-Gavrila
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Pengaruh personal knowledge terhadap Knowledge Management PT X By chandra, adhitya
  2. Entrepreneurship through Employee Mobility, Innovation, and Growth By Salomé Baslandze
  3. Global Engagement and Innovation Activities: The Case of Malaysian Manufacturing Firms By Shiang, Lim Ee; Lee, Cassey
  4. How does Internationalisation affect the productivity of R&D activities in large innovative firms? A conditional nonparametric investigation By Patricia Laurens; Pierluigi Toma; Antoine Schoen; Cinzia Daraio; Philippe Larédo
  5. Nominal GDP Targeting and the Taylor Rule on an Even Playing Field By Beckworth, David; Hendrickson, Joshua
  6. La data science au service de la durabilité By Julien Ah-Pine
  7. Harnessing Foreign Technology to Improve Firm Performance: Evidence from Philippine Manufacturing Enterprises By Gaspar, Raymond
  8. FECs, innovation, and skills: A literature review By Jen Nelles; Kevin Walsh; Michalis Papazoglou

  1. By: chandra, adhitya
    Abstract: Fenomena bahwa sumber ekonomi bukan lagi dalam bentuk money capital atau sumber daya alam, tapi ke arah knowledge capital. Perusahaan mengelola, mengatur dan menggunakan pengetahuan tersebut sehingga dapat berfungsi secara produktif, efektif dan efisien untuk menghadapai persaingan melalui knowledge management. Knowledge Management adalah koordinasi yang terencana dan sistematis atas orang – orang, teknologi, proses dan struktur organisasi dalam rangka memberikan nilai tambah melalui penggunaan ulang pengetahuan dan inovasi melalui proses knowledge capture dan creation, knowledge sharing dan dissemination, knowledge acquisition dan application. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh pengaruh personal knowledge terhadap knowledge management di PT x. Pengujian hipotesis penelitian dilakukan dengan pendekatan Structural Equation Modellling (SEM) berbasis PLS. Teknik ini merupakan kombinasi antara faktor analisis (factor analysis) dan analisis regresi majemuk (multiple reggresion analysis). SEM dikategorikan menjadi dua pendekatan. Pendekatan pertama disebut sebagai Covariance Based SEM (CBSEM) dengan basis kovarian dan pendekatan kedua disebut sebagai Variance Based SEM dengan basis varian
    Date: 2022–06–08
  2. By: Salomé Baslandze
    Abstract: Firm-level productivity differences are big and largely ascribed to ex-ante heterogeneity in the entrepreneurs’ growth potential at birth. Where do these ex-ante differences come from, and what can the policy do to encourage the entry of high-growth entrepreneurs? I study empirically and by means of a quantitative growth model the spinout firms: the firms founded by former employees of the incumbent firms. By focusing on innovating spinouts identified through the inventor mobility in the patent data, I document that spinout entrants significantly outperform regular entrants throughout their life. Firms with a bigger technological lead spawn more successful spinouts. Building on these observations, I build a structural model of innovation and firm dynamics, where firm heterogeneity arises from endogenous decisions of innovation workers to become entrepreneurs and create spinouts. The spinout dynamics affect productivity growth through four main channels: direct entry, incumbents’ disincentive effect, knowledge diffusion, and the firm composition channel. Growth decompositions show that accounting for spinout dynamics is quantitatively important for our understanding of the growth process. I analyze the role of noncompete laws affecting employee entrepreneurship for aggregate innovation and growth.
    Keywords: innovation; spinouts; entrepreneurship; noncompete laws; firm dynamics
    JEL: O30 O43
    Date: 2022–09–26
  3. By: Shiang, Lim Ee (Asian Development Bank Institute); Lee, Cassey (Asian Development Bank Institute)
    Abstract: We examine how the diversity of global engagement is related to firms’ participation in innovation input and output activities in the Malaysian manufacturing sector. We use firm-level data obtained from the World Bank’s Enterprise Survey 2015. Firms are classified into four different groups based on their engagement in global activities, i.e., foreign trade and foreign direct investment. Incidences of innovation for 10 innovation activities are computed. The incidence of innovation was used to examine the extent to which different global engagement groups participate in 10 various types of innovation activities. Logit models are used to estimate the probability of engaging in innovation input and output activities for firms with differing global engagements. Generally, the results clearly highlight that globalized firms, i.e., firms engaging in global activities, participate in innovation activity more actively than their nonglobalized counterparts, despite there being some evidence that the pattern of engagement in innovation activity varies across globalized firms. Empirical findings propose that trade policies promoting exporting and policies attracting foreign direct investment may be useful in driving firms’ participation in innovation activity. A number of export-related policies can be formulated to assist domestic firms in integrating into the global value chain. These include providing easier access to information about foreign markets, export marketing development assistance, and training programs. In addition, foreign direct investment liberalization policies may be used to attract selective foreign direct investments, and tax-related incentive policies may be formulated to encourage firms to set up in-house R&D activities for product development.
    Keywords: exports; foreign ownership; global engagement; innovation; R&D
    JEL: F61 L60 O31
    Date: 2022–08
  4. By: Patricia Laurens (LISIS - Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Sciences, Innovations, Sociétés - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement - Université Gustave Eiffel); Pierluigi Toma (University of Salento [Lecce]); Antoine Schoen (LISIS - Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Sciences, Innovations, Sociétés - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement - Université Gustave Eiffel); Cinzia Daraio (Sapienza University of Rome - Department of Informatics and System Sciences - UNIROMA - Università degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza" = Sapienza University [Rome]); Philippe Larédo (LISIS - Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Sciences, Innovations, Sociétés - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement - Université Gustave Eiffel, University of Manchester [Manchester])
    Abstract: This work explores the relationship between multinational R&D and innovation productivity among top corporate knowledge and R&D producers by adopting a twofold concept of internationalisation: (1) the firm's degree of R&D internationalisation, and (2) the firm's geographic diversification. We model the patent production process with an appropriate and robust conditional Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) estimator, using a unique database of firms that matches financial indicators and patent information. Our results reinforce the fundamental role of internationalisation in the knowledge production process when the internationalisation process is properly and strategically managed. We interpret our empirical evidence through the theoretical lens of the learning theory of internationalisation, and we postulate that a high R&D intensity is a key driver to overcoming the challenges of internationalisation.
    Keywords: R&D productivity,Multinationality,Conditional efficiency,Patents,DEA modelling,multinationality,conditional efficiency,patents,DEA modelling JEL classification O32,F23,L25,C44
    Date: 2022
  5. By: Beckworth, David; Hendrickson, Joshua (Mercury Publication)
    Abstract: Some economists advocate nominal GDP targeting as an alternative to the Taylor rule. These arguments are largely based on the idea that nominal GDP targeting would require less knowledge on the part of policymakers than a traditional Taylor rule. In parti
  6. By: Julien Ah-Pine (UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2, CERDI - Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UCA - Université Clermont Auvergne)
    Abstract: En science des données, le partitionnement de graphes permet de structurer et de synthétiser l'information des relations entre sommets en découvrant des groupes disjoints au sein desquels les sommets sont fortement interconnectés. C'est un problème combinatoire qui fait l'objet de nombreux articles et trouve des applications dans de multiples disciplines. Nous décrivons ici notre contribution sur ce thème et nous appliquons celle-ci à l'étude des interdépendances entre les 17 Sustainable Development Goals. Ceci nous permet de souligner différents types d'axes, « composites » ou « unitaires », dans l'étude du développement durable des pays.
    Keywords: Sustainable Economic Development,Sustainable goals,Science des données Data Science,Durabilité environnementale
    Date: 2022–06–03
  7. By: Gaspar, Raymond (Asian Development Bank Institute)
    Abstract: We examine the impact of foreign-licensed technology and identifies channels to effectively leverage such technology to improve the performance of manufacturing firms in the Philippines. Using the fixed effects approach to World Bank Enterprise Survey panel data for the Philippines covering 2009 and 2015, we find no statistically significant impact of introducing foreign-licensed technology to manufacturing firms in terms of annual sales, employment, and energy intensity. Interestingly, the impact is more pronounced and significant among manufacturing firms that conduct workforce trainings, thereby improving absorptive capacity through better quality of labor. The empirical findings call for the Philippine government to bolster skills training and human capital formation initiatives, further incentivizing in-house training, to support the advancement of local absorptive capacity and better assimilate the use of foreign technologies.
    Keywords: technology transfer; technology licensing; firm performance; local absorptive capacity; Philippines
    JEL: L24 L25 L60
    Date: 2022–06
  8. By: Jen Nelles (Oxford Brookes University, Innovation Caucus); Kevin Walsh (Oxford Brookes University, Innovation Caucus); Michalis Papazoglou (Oxford Brookes University, Innovation Caucus)
    Keywords: Further education colleges, skills, innovation
    Date: 2022–09

This nep-knm issue is ©2022 by Laura Nicola-Gavrila. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.