nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2022‒05‒30
three papers chosen by
Laura Nicola-Gavrila
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Quantifying knowledge spillovers from advances in negative emissions technologies By Giorgio Tripodi; Francesco Lamperti; Roberto Mavilia; Andrea Mina; Francesca Chiaromonte; Fabrizio Lillo
  2. When competition meets sustainability: the introduction of sustainable development in public procurement law By Ronan Le Velly
  3. Determinants of Smart Digital Infrastructure Diffusion for Urban Public Services By Bhaskar Choudhuri; Praveen Ranjan Srivastava; Shivam Gupta; Ajay Kumar; Surajit Bag

  1. By: Giorgio Tripodi; Francesco Lamperti; Roberto Mavilia; Andrea Mina; Francesca Chiaromonte; Fabrizio Lillo
    Abstract: Negative emissions technologies (NETs) feature prominently in most scenarios that halt climate change and deliver on the Paris Agreement's temperature goal. As of today, however, their maturity and desirability are highly debated. Since the social value of new technologies depends on how novel knowledge fuels practical solutions, we take an innovation network perspective to quantify the multidimensional nature of knowledge spillovers generated by twenty years of research in NETs. In particular, we evaluate the likelihood that scientific advances across eight NET domains stimulate (i) further production of knowledge, (ii) technological innovation, and (iii) policy discussion. Taking as counterfactual scientific advances not related to NETs, we show that NETs-related research generates overall significant, positive knowledge spillovers within science and from science to technology and policy. At the same time, stark differences exist across carbon removal solutions. For example, the ability to turn scientific advances in NETs into technological developments is a nearly exclusively feature of Direct Air Capture (DAC), while Bio-energy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) lags behind. Conversely, BECCS and Blue Carbon (BC) have gained relative momentum in the policy and public debate, vis-Ã -vis limited spillovers from advances in DAC to policy. Moreover, both scientific advances and collaborations cluster geographically by type of NET, which might affect large-scale diffusion. Finally, our results suggest the existence of coordination gaps between NET-related science, technology, and policy.
    Keywords: Climate change mitigation; Negative emissions technologies; Carbon dioxide removal; Innovation; Knowledge spillovers; Data mining; Networks.
    Date: 2022–05–27
  2. By: Ronan Le Velly (UMR Innovation - Innovation et Développement dans l'Agriculture et l'Alimentation - Cirad - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement - Institut Agro - Montpellier SupAgro)
    Abstract: Based on a qualitative analysis of practical guides and legal comments on sustainable public procurement, the author studies how the introduction of sustainable development objectives into public procurement law has changed the public markets' competition rules. He shows that since the end of the 1990s, there has been a gradual widening of the scope of acceptable discrimination in calls for tenders and the recognition of new purposes for public procurement. However, this expansion is contained by the fundamental principles of competition stated in the law. The preference for a local purchase remains strictly prohibited, even when it is promoted in the name of sustainable development. Similarly, sourcing and allotment are promoted both as levers for improving sustainability and as means of increasing competition.
    Abstract: En s'appuyant sur une analyse qualitative de guides pratiques et de commentaires juridiques, l'article étudie la façon dont l'introduction du développement durable dans le droit de la commande publique a modifié les règles de concurrence des marchés publics. Il montre qu'il s'est opéré depuis la fin des années 1990 un élargissement progressif du périmètre des discriminations acceptables lors des appels d'offres et la reconnaissance de nouvelles finalités pour la commande publique. Pour autant, cet élargissement est contenu dans son ampleur par les principes fondamentaux de concurrence affirmés dans la loi. La préférence pour un achat local demeure strictement interdite, y compris lorsqu'elle est défendue au nom du développement durable. De même, la promotion du sourcing et de l'allotissement résulte autant d'une volonté d'accroître la durabilité que de renforcer la concurrence.
    Keywords: Sourcing,Marchés publics,Développement durable,Concurrence,Code de la commande publique
    Date: 2022
  3. By: Bhaskar Choudhuri (EM - emlyon business school); Praveen Ranjan Srivastava; Shivam Gupta (EM - emlyon business school); Ajay Kumar (EM - emlyon business school); Surajit Bag
    Abstract: Government of India's ‘Digital India' initiative intends to build robust digital ecosystem that fosters innovation & entrepreneurship enabling better citizen service & citizen empowerment. Digitization in India involves geo-demographic & socio-economic dependency, choice of smart technologies undergoing rapid innovation, strategic roll-out planning & flawless implementation as prerequisite of technology diffusion & benefit realization. This study identifies technical & non-technical determinants of smart digital framework roll out that can accelerate digital diffusion in urban public services in India. This study follows inductive exploratory method, combining grounded theory & text mining for primary data analysis. Study reveals digitization is an ecosystem of private & public enterprises and citizen participation, identifies integrated use analytics & IoT can enable connected smart city, whereas technology cost, digital literacy & sustainable innovation as non-technological determinant towards resilient urban digital infrastructure in India.
    Date: 2021–12–01

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