nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2022‒04‒04
three papers chosen by
Laura Nicola-Gavrila
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Firm Productivity Growth and the Knowledge of New Workers By Michael Kirker; Lynda Sanderson
  2. Global Knowledge Embeddedness By Holger Graf; Martin Kalthaus
  3. 組織内における情報共有行動と情報専有行動にかかわる先行要因の検討, Antecedents of Information Sharing and Information Withholding in Organizations By 高橋, 宏承; Takahashi, Hirotsugu

  1. By: Michael Kirker; Lynda Sanderson (The Treasury)
    Abstract: Linked employer-employee data from New Zealand is used to study the relationship between a firm’s productivity growth and its exposure to outside knowledge through the hiring of new workers with previous work experience. The estimated relationship between productivity growth and hiring is compared to the predictions implied by two different channels: worker quality and knowledge spillover. Although it is not possible to identify a causal relationship, the productivity of a worker’s previous employer is correlated with subsequent productivity growth at the hiring firm. The patterns of this correlation are consistent with both the worker quality and knowledge spillover channels operating simultaneously. Furthermore, if knowledge spillover is occurring, the results suggest the type of knowledge spilling over relates to technological knowledge allowing firms to become more capital intensive, rather than knowledge that improves the efficiency of utilising existing inputs.
    Keywords: productivity; labour mobility; human capital; knowledge diffusion
    JEL: D24 J24 J62 O33
    Date: 2022–03
  2. By: Holger Graf (Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Department of Economics); Martin Kalthaus (Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Department of Economics)
    Abstract: Various forms of interaction during the process of research and innovation constitute a global network of knowledge generation and diffusion. Countries and their research organizations and individual scientists need to be embedded in this network to participate in global knowledge flows and to increase success in idea generation, invention and innovation. In this chapter, we review the literature on two of the most important channels of international knowledge diffusion in the field of science: research collaboration and scientist mobility. We thereby focus on the motives and determinants to collaborate or move internationally, the formation of a global knowledge network and the effects of embeddedness in the network and its influence on aggregate outcomes. From this review, we derive seven stylized facts on global knowledge embeddedness.
    Keywords: scientist mobility, research collaboration, global knowledge network, literature review
    JEL: O33 F60 O15
    Date: 2022–03–08
  3. By: 高橋, 宏承; Takahashi, Hirotsugu
    Abstract: 本研究の目的は、組織内での情報共有行動と情報専有行動の関係性とその先行要因を整理・統合することで、それらにかかわる既存研究の問題点を指摘し、その解決方法を提示することである.情報共有行動と情報専有行動は独立していて、情報が共有されるかどうかについては2つの行動を同時に分析する必要がある.また、情報共有と情報専有の先行要因を個人要因、関係要因、組織要因の3つに分類し、それらを複合的に分析することでより精緻に組織内の情報共有を明らかにできることを示した., The purpose of this study is to review the relationship between information sharing and information withholding in organizations and its antecedents to point out the problems of existing studies, and to present solutions to them. Information sharing and information withholding exist independently, and it is necessary to analyze the two behaviors simultaneously to determine whether information is shared or not. In addition, we classified the antecedents of information sharing and withholding into three categories: individual factors, relational factors, and organizational factors, and pointed out that information sharing in organizations can be clarified more precisely by analyzing these factors in a combined manner.
    Keywords: 情報共有, 情報専有, ネットワーク, 知識共有, ナレッジマネジメント, Information Sharing, Information Withholding, Net work, Knowledge Sharing, Knowledge Management
    Date: 2022–02

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