nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2021‒10‒25
four papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Globalized Adoption of Knowledge Management in New Product Development: A Conceptual Framework By Bak Aun Teoh
  2. Geographies of Knowledge Sourcing and the Value of Knowledge in Multilocational Firms By Anthony Frigon; David L. Rigby;
  3. Organizations decentered: data objects, technology and knowledge By Alaimo, Cristina; Kallinikos, Jannis
  4. Employee Mapping Process as a Solution for Empowering Human Resources in Companies By Zahara Tussoleha Rony

  1. By: Bak Aun Teoh (Tunku Abdul Rahman University College, Jalan Genting Kelang, 53300 Setapak, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Author-2-Name: Wei Hong Ling Author-2-Workplace-Name: Tunku Abdul Rahman University College, Jalan Genting Kelang, 53300 Setapak, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Author-3-Name: Amlus Ibrahim Author-3-Workplace-Name: Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Kedah Darul Aman, Malaysia Author-4-Name: Author-4-Workplace-Name: Author-5-Name: Author-5-Workplace-Name: Author-6-Name: Author-6-Workplace-Name: Author-7-Name: Author-7-Workplace-Name: Author-8-Name: Author-8-Workplace-Name:)
    Abstract: "Objective - The article presents the concept between the relationship of knowledge management adoption in global new product development. The growth in new knowledge and technology has substantially increased the complexity of the projects that is strongly influencing the time, cost, and quality of the project management. Due to the volatility of the current market, the effectiveness of knowledge management could reduce the project uncertainties, project life cycle costs, and risks of new product development. Since new product development is regarded as the key to innovation due to its strong connection between the knowledge and core competence, the ways how the knowledge will be captured, created, and shared among the project teams is important to remain competitive in today's business and market competition. Hence, the modes of how they are created and shared between the project team members as well as the impact of knowledge management towards new product development will be discussed in this paper. knowledge management are normally created and transferred through the conversion between explicit and tacit knowledge, which can be further applied into the project management. Methodology/Technique - The paper embarks a conceptual review of present literatures which specifically address the perspectives of project management, and simultaneously explains the relationship between the knowledge management (namely knowledge creation, knowledge sharing, knowledge utilization and key success factor) and new product development. Finding - This research ascertains the conceptual framework that relate to knowledge management and new product development that contribute to increase the probability of project success in project management. Novelty - Present study aims to shed light on the existing knowledge of the organization can be evaluated by the actions of decision makers and introduce a conceptual framework that a better knowledge can lead to measurable efficiencies in production and product development. Type of Paper - Review"
    Date: 2021–09–30
  2. By: Anthony Frigon; David L. Rigby;
    Abstract: A growing body of research in economic geography, international business management and related fields focuses on geographies of knowledge sourcing. This work examines the organizational structure of innovation activities within the firm, the mechanisms by which knowledge is extracted from various external sources and the geography of these different activities. We augment this literature by exploring knowledge sourcing within multilocational firms operating in the US using a unique dataset matching patent records to firm-level ownership and geographical data. The results add value to existing research in three ways. First, the establishments of multilocational corporations are shown to produce different kinds of knowledge in different locations. Second, the patents generated within a firm’s establishments are linked to the knowledge stocks of the cities where they operate, supporting a vision of geographical knowledge sourcing. Third, the complexity of knowledge produced within the firm as a whole is positively related to the number of establishments in which multilocational firms undertake innovation activities. In sum these data suggest that multilocational firms distribute their innovation activities across locations in order to secure access to local pools of tacit knowledge. The complexity value of firms’ knowledge production is enhanced as a result of this spatial strategy.
    Date: 2021–10
  3. By: Alaimo, Cristina; Kallinikos, Jannis
    Abstract: Data are no longer simply a component of administrative and managerial work but a pervasive resource and medium through which organizations come to know and act upon the contingencies they confront. We theorize how the ongoing technological developments reinforce the traditional functions of data as instruments of management and control but also reframe and extend their role. By rendering data as technical entities, digital technologies transform the process of knowing and the knowledge functions data fulfil in socioeconomic life. These functions are most of the times mediated by putting together disperse and steadily updatable data in more stable entities we refer to as data objects. Users, customers, products, physical machines rendered as data objects become the technical and cognitive means through which organizational knowledge, patterns and practices develop. Such conditions loosen the dependence of data from domain knowledge, reorder the relative significance of internal versus external references in organizations, and contribute to a paradigmatic contemporary development that we identify with the decentering of organizations of which digital platforms are an important specimen.
    Keywords: digital technology; organizational form; organizational processes; digital transformation
    JEL: R14 J01
    Date: 2021
  4. By: Zahara Tussoleha Rony (Universitas Bhayangkara Jakarta Raya, Jl. Raya Perjuangan, 17121, Bekasi, Indonesia Author-2-Name: Mahmuddin Yasin Author-2-Workplace-Name: Universitas Krinadwipayana, Jalan Jatiwaringin Raya No. 227 F, 171411, Jakarta, Indonesia Author-3-Name: Tatar Bonar Silitonga Author-3-Workplace-Name: Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia, Jalan Salemba Raya No. 14, 10430, Jakarta, Indonesia Author-4-Name: Faroman Syarief Author-4-Workplace-Name: Universitas Bhayangkara Jakarta Raya, Jl. Raya Perjuangan, 17121, Bekasi, Indonesia Author-5-Name: Raden Achmad Harianto Author-5-Workplace-Name: Universitas Bhayangkara Jakarta Raya, Jl. Raya Perjuangan, 17121, Bekasi, Indonesia Author-6-Name: Author-6-Workplace-Name: Author-7-Name: Author-7-Workplace-Name: Author-8-Name: Author-8-Workplace-Name:)
    Abstract: "Objective - The development of the Indonesian residential business sector in recent years has experienced rapid changes and developments. For example, landed-house housing has now decreased in favour of high-rise developments. This has had an impact on the needs for various competencies of employees of construction company X, therefore, the company needs to empower employees, beginning with mapping employees of construction X. Mapping of employees has not been widely carried out by the company. Various elements are needed to describe employee strengths and the results can be used to develop a competency development program to achieve long-term targets. The purpose of this research is to describe an employee mapping process that has been carried out by the consultant group. Methodology/Technique - The research method used is qualitative narrative research. Consultants who directly handle and provide assistance to employee mapping are the participants in this study. Researchers collaborate with participants and involve them actively in the data collection. Finding - The results of this study illustrate that the number of employees who are ready to serve as project managers is still limited. Human resource managers need to implement efficient strategies to recruit and hire candidates and carry out a number of development programs to accelerate competency improvement and develop a talented management system. Novelty - This research contributes to the knowledge of empowerment strategies for the company and to human resource management knowledge for construction company X and other similar companies. Type of Paper - Empirical"
    Date: 2021–09–30

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