nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2021‒08‒16
five papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Are Moroccan Universities Ready for Knowledge Management By Yassine Boussenna; Ouael El Kharraz
  3. Household Debt, Student Loan Forgiveness, and Human Capital Investment: a neo-Kaleckian Approach By Gustavo Pereira Serra
  4. How Do Workers Adjust When Firms Adopt New Technologies? By Genz, Sabrina; Gregory, Terry; Janser, Markus; Lehmer, Florian; Matthes, Britta
  5. Intangibles, Markups, and the Measurement of Productivity Growth By Nicolas Crouzet; Janice C. Eberly

  1. By: Yassine Boussenna (UAE, ENCG Tanger -Groupe de recherche "Management & Systèmes d'information"-); Ouael El Kharraz
    Abstract: throughout the literature, several factors affect positively KM initiatives in universities are discussed. Some of these are the same as those found for private organizations and others are specific to public organizations. Most authors cite the organizational culture and structure. The main objective of this study was to verify the presence of success factors in KM implementation at the Moroccan universities via Abdelmalek Essaadi University subject of this work. through a deductive reasoning approach and a quantitative working method, Using the questionnaire as a tool to collect data from a proportional random and representative sample of 88 teacher-researchers from the different institutions of the university under study. The study found a positive relationship between the requirements for Knowledge management (organizational culture, organizational structure,) and KM application in Moroccan universities with a Pearson correlation rate R = 0.712 For organizational culture and 0.576 for organizational structure. also, the results obtained show insufficiency presence of initiatives for a knowledge management implementation, with an average of 2.02 for organizational structure, and 1.89 concerning organizational culture according to the university's teachers.
    Abstract: Dans l'ensemble de la littérature, plusieurs facteurs affectant positivement les initiatives de GC dans les universités sont discutés. Certains d'entre eux sont les mêmes que ceux que l'on trouve pour les organisations privées et d'autres sont spécifiques aux organisations publiques. La plupart des auteurs citent la culture et la structure organisationnelles. L'objectif principal de cette étude était de vérifier la présence de facteurs de succès dans la mise en œuvre de la GC dans les universités marocaines via l'université Abdelmalek Essaadi objet de ce travail. à travers une approche de raisonnement déductif et une méthode de travail quantitative, En utilisant le questionnaire comme outil de collecte de données auprès d'un échantillon aléatoire proportionnel et représentatif de 88 enseignants-chercheurs des différents établissements de l'université étudiée. L'étude a trouvé une relation positive entre les exigences de la gestion des connaissances (culture organisationnelle, structure organisationnelle,) et l'application de la gestion des connaissances dans les universités marocaines avec un taux de corrélation de Pearson R = 0.712 pour la culture organisationnelle et 0.576 pour la structure organisationnelle. Aussi, les résultats obtenus montrent une présence insuffisante d'initiatives pour une mise en œuvre de la gestion des connaissances, avec une moyenne de 2.02 pour la structure organisationnelle, et 1.89 concernant la culture organisationnelle selon les enseignants de l'université.
    Keywords: organizational culture,organizational structure,knowledge management
    Date: 2021–07–20
  2. By: David Vallat (TRIANGLE - Triangle : action, discours, pensée politique et économique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - IEP Lyon - Sciences Po Lyon - Institut d'études politiques de Lyon - Université de Lyon - UJM - Université Jean Monnet [Saint-Étienne] - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - ENS Lyon - École normale supérieure - Lyon); Julie Fabbri; Amélie Bohas
    Abstract: Open access to knowledge promotes collaboration, sharing, and exchange; further, it nourishes creativity, democratizes innovation (Hippel, 2005, 2017), and facilitates adaptation to a very volatile environment. So how can we favour collaboration and open access knowledge in education to stimulate students'creativity? We propose in this paper to present an experiment of situated learning based on the commons concept. This experiment relies on a method developed by a group of academics studying new work practices and collaborative spaces (the Research Group on Collaborative Spaces): the Open Walked Event-based Experimentation. The OWEE research method relies on collaboration to produce open access knowledge and considers walking in common as a good way to create a community. We adapted the OWEE protocol to a new context-a learning expedition mainly with students in a closed event space-to turn them into active and reflexive visitors of the fair.
    Keywords: open knowledge,teaching,learning expeditions,common-pool-resource,Commons
    Date: 2019–10–16
  3. By: Gustavo Pereira Serra (Department of Economics, New School for Social Research)
    Abstract: This paper aims to analyze the sustainability of student debt in the US. For this purpose, I build a neo-Kaleckian model in which households can borrow to either consume or invest in human capital. Next, I calibrate the model using US data to simulate the economic effects of specific policies such as student loan forgiveness. To my knowledge, this is the first study that considers household borrowing for two di erent purposes, consumption and human capital accumulation, in a demand-led macro-modeling framework. The main findings are that i) household debt is sustainable in the long run (i.e., the debt servicing is compatible with the long-term economic growth) for a consumption level greater than 90% of household income; ii) new borrowing boosts short-term economic activity while having ambiguous long-term e ects because of its outcomes to household indebtedness and debt servicing; and iii) student loan cancellation has only short-run economic e ects, whereas reducing loan interest rates and changing the eligibility criterion for student loan forgiveness result in long-term effects.
    Keywords: Household debt, student loans, capacity utilization, human capital
    JEL: E12 E22 E24
    Date: 2021–08
  4. By: Genz, Sabrina (Institute for Employment Research (IAB), Nuremberg); Gregory, Terry (IZA); Janser, Markus (Institute for Employment Research (IAB), Nuremberg); Lehmer, Florian (Institute for Employment Research (IAB), Nuremberg); Matthes, Britta (Institute for Employment Research (IAB), Nuremberg)
    Abstract: We investigate how workers adjust to firms' investments into new digital technologies, including artificial intelligence, augmented reality, or 3D printing. For this, we collected novel data that links survey information on firms' technology adoption to administrative social security data. We then compare individual outcomes between workers employed at technology adopters relative to non-adopters. Depending on the type of technology, we find evidence for improved employment stability, higher wage growth, and increased cumulative earnings in response to digital technology adoption. These beneficial adjustments seem to be driven by technologies used by service providers rather than manufacturers. However, the adjustments do not occur equally across worker groups: IT-related expert jobs with non-routine analytic tasks benefit most from technological upgrading, coinciding with highly complex job requirements, but not necessarily with more academic skills.
    Keywords: technological change, artificial intelligence, employment stability, wages
    JEL: J23 J31 J62
    Date: 2021–08
  5. By: Nicolas Crouzet; Janice C. Eberly
    Abstract: In recent years, measured TFP growth in the US has declined. We argue that two forces contributed to this decline: the mismeasurement of intangible capital, and rising markups. Markups affect input shares, while intangibles omitted from measures of investment affect measured capital growth, each potentially generating downward bias in measured TFP growth. Most importantly, when both forces are simultaneously present, their effects reinforce each other and amplify the downward bias in measured TFP growth. Using input-output data, we estimate that this mechanism could account for one-third to two-thirds of the decline in measured TFP growth.
    JEL: D24 D4 E01 E22 G31
    Date: 2021–07

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