nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2021‒03‒15
four papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Higher Education and Smart Specialisation in Portugal By Hugo Pinto; Carla Nogueira; John Edwards
  2. Inventor Migration and Knowledge Flows: A Two-Way Communication Channel ? By Ernest Miguelez; Claudia Noumedem Temgoua
  3. International knowledge flows between industry inventors and universities: The role of multinational companies By Claudio Fassio; Aldo Geuna; Federica Rossi
  4. Knowledge-Based Structural Change By Kevin Genna; Christian Ghiglino; Kazuo Nishimura; Alain Venditti

  1. By: Hugo Pinto; Carla Nogueira; John Edwards (European Commission - JRC)
    Abstract: Universities and other higher education institutions (HEIs) are expected to play a catalytic role in S3. They are increasingly being asked to fulfil many new and wide-ranging tasks, probably with an overly optimistic perspective. To be effective in answering to all demands - such as being sources of knowledge, providers of education and training for strategic leaders of regional regeneration, suppliers of knowledge intensive services and infrastructure, local connectors with external knowledge and markets, and also animators of their innovation systems – HEIs face internal and external limitations. This report presents the main results of the JRC project on Higher Education for Smart Specialisation in Portugal. The project intends to help build innovation capabilities by strengthening the participation of HEIs in regional networks; and by promoting the integration of higher education with research, innovation and regional development in the S3 policy mix. The results are divided into two categories. First, a quantitative and descriptive analysis of the publicly available information about the HE system and on the use of European Structural and Investment Funds. Second, the presentation of qualitative results, based on the content analysis of interviews administered to key stakeholders and focus groups conducted in all regions. Results identify aspects for the innovative and transformation potential of Portuguese regions while they also underline contextual and specific problems facing HEIs, while highlighting measures to help overcome these limitations.
    Keywords: Portugal, Higher Education
    Date: 2021–02
  2. By: Ernest Miguelez (GREThA - Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée - UB - Université de Bordeaux - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Claudia Noumedem Temgoua (GREThA - Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée - UB - Université de Bordeaux - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: This paper documents the influence of networks of highly skilled migrants on the international diffusion of knowledge – particularly those with degrees and occupations in science, technology, engineering and mathematics. It investigates knowledge inflows to host countries brought in by skilled immigrants. It then explores knowledge feedback to home countries generated by these migrants. We test our hypotheses in a country-pair gravity model setting, for the period 1990–2010, using patent citations across countries to measure international knowledge diffusion. Our results confirm our hypotheses on the positive impact of skilled migrants on knowledge flows to host and home countries. However, the former are not robust to instrumental variables and country-pair fixed-effects, and only matter in certain contexts: when the sending countries are developing nations and for knowledge diffusion within the boundaries of multinationals.
    Date: 2020
  3. By: Claudio Fassio (Department of Business Administration, University of Lund, Sweden); Aldo Geuna (Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti De Martiis, University of Torino, Italy); Federica Rossi (Department of Management, Birkbeck College, University of London, UK)
    Date: 2019–10
  4. By: Kevin Genna (Aix-Marseille Univ., CNRS, AMSE, Marseille, France); Christian Ghiglino (Department of Economics, University of Essex, UK); Kazuo Nishimura (RIEB, Kobe University, Japan); Alain Venditti (Aix-Marseille Univ, CNRS, AMSE, Marseille & EDHEC Business School, France)
    Abstract: How will structural change unfold beyond the rise of services? Motivated by the observed dynamics within the service sector we propose a model of structural change in which productivity is endogenous and output is produced with two intermediate substitutable capital goods. In the progressive sector the accumulation of knowledge leads to an unbounded increase in TFP, as sector becoming asymptotically dominant. We are then able to recover the increasing shares of workers, the increasing real and nominal shares of the output observed in progressive service and IT sectors in the US. Interestingly, the economy follows a growth path converging to a particular level of wealth that depends on the initial price of capital and knowledge. As a consequence, countries with the same fundamentals but lower initial wealth will be characterized by lower asymptotic wealth.
    Keywords: two-sector model, technological knowledge, constant elasticity of substitution, non-balanced endogenous growth, structural change, Kaldor and Kuznets facts
    JEL: C62 E32 O41
    Date: 2021–03

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