nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2021‒01‒04
seven papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. From Discovery to Commercialization: Accretive Intellectual Property Strategies among Small, Knowledge-Based Firms By Hayter, Christopher; Link, Albert
  2. How cumulative is technological knowledge? By P. G. J. Persoon; R. N. A. Bekkers; F. Alkemade
  3. Developing Artificial Intelligence Sustainably By Gordon Myers; Kiril Nejkov
  4. Incentives can't buy me knowledge: The missing effects of appreciation and aligned performance appraisals on knowledge sharing of public employees By Fischer, Caroline
  5. Organizational Drivers of Innovation: The Role of Workforce Agility By F. Landini; C. Franco
  6. Demographic Structure, Knowledge Diffusion, and Endogenous Productivity Growth By Colin Davis; Ken-ichi Hashimoto; Ken Tabata
  7. Tax Challenges of the Digitalized Economy By David Hanrahan

  1. By: Hayter, Christopher (Arizona State University); Link, Albert (University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics)
    Abstract: This paper explores the use of publications and patents and their covariates among small, knowledge-based firms pursuing technology commercialization. It does so through an empirical examination of 1180 small firms’ R&D projects, all of which were funded through Phase II U.S. Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) awards. As such, the paper responds to recent calls to investigate not only how small, knowledge-based firms utilize specific IP strategies, but also how accretive logic specifically differs from competitive publishing and patenting logic.
    Keywords: Patents; Publications; Intellectual property; R&D; Strategy;
    JEL: L21 L26 O32 O34
    Date: 2020–12–14
  2. By: P. G. J. Persoon; R. N. A. Bekkers; F. Alkemade
    Abstract: Technological cumulativeness is considered one of the main mechanisms for technological progress, yet its exact meaning and dynamics often remain unclear. To develop a better understanding of this mechanism we approach a technology as a body of knowledge consisting of interlinked inventions. Technological cumulativeness can then be understood as the extent to which inventions build on other inventions within that same body of knowledge. The cumulativeness of a technology is therefore characterized by the structure of its knowledge base, which is different from, but closely related to, the size of its knowledge base. We analytically derive equations describing the relation between the cumulativeness and the size of the knowledge base. In addition, we empirically test our ideas for a number of selected technologies, using patent data. Our results suggest that cumulativeness increases proportionally with the size of the knowledge base, at a rate which varies considerably across technologies. At the same time we find that across technologies, this rate is inversely related to the rate of invention over time. This suggests that the cumulativeness increases relatively slow in rapidly growing technologies. In sum, the presented approach allows for an in-depth, systematic analysis of cumulativeness variations across technologies and the knowledge dynamics underlying technology development.
    Date: 2020–11
  3. By: Gordon Myers; Kiril Nejkov
    Keywords: Information and Communication Technologies - ICT Policy and Strategies Private Sector Development - Business Ethics, Leadership and Values Private Sector Development - Emerging Markets Science and Technology Development - Technology Innovation
    Date: 2020–03
  4. By: Fischer, Caroline
    Abstract: This study examines whether incentives affect public employees' intention to share knowledge. Tested incentives satisfy needs for either achievement or appreciation. Both treatments were tested on implicit as well as explicit knowledge sharing. A 2x3 factorial survey experiment was designed to observe within-person and between-person effects. Data were collected from public employees in the core administration and healthcare sector (n=623) in 2018. The analysis indicates that both treatments positively affect knowledge-sharing intention if it is explicit knowledge that ought to be shared. However, no effects of either treatment can be found in either type of knowledge sharing. No negative effect of the tested incentives on knowledge sharing was observed. Hence, incentives might not harm knowledge sharing but also do not pay off in organizational practice. In contrast to these motivation-enhancing human resource practices, ability and opportunity-enhancing practices should be tested to foster knowledge sharing.
    Date: 2020–12–16
  5. By: F. Landini; C. Franco
    Abstract: The interplay between organization practices and innovation is highly relevant in modern business. This paper analyzes whether a specific organizational dimension, namely workforce agility, affects innovative performance. We rationalize this effect within an organizational economics perspective that stresses the role of behavioral motives and skill variety in the innovation process. In particular, we distinguish the contribution of two components: time agility and task agility. Using a sample of nearly 20000 private-sector workplaces in 32 countries, we report conditional correlations between workforce agility and innovation that are consistent with our framework. Establishments with higher workforce agility are more likely to innovate. This relationship holds also when we consider different types of innovation and we distinguish between time and task agility. The analysis of managers’ perceptions about internal working climate and information exchange activities suggest that this effect is likely be driven by the fact that workforce agility improves work motivation and knowledge transmission at the workplace level, favouring innovation. Managerial and policy implications are discussed.
    Keywords: workforce agility, task agility, time agility, innovation
    Date: 2020
  6. By: Colin Davis; Ken-ichi Hashimoto; Ken Tabata
    Abstract: This paper considers how increasing longevity and declining birth rates affect market entry and endogenous productivity growth in a two-country model of trade. In each country, the demographic transition to an older population induces a contraction in the labor force through a decline in the working-age population. Firm-level investment in process innovation generates productivity growth, and with imperfect knowledge diffusion the country with the larger labor force has a greater share of firms with higher productivity levels. In this framework, population aging reduces a country’s labor supply, share of industry, and relative productivity. If the country with the smaller labor force experiences population aging, knowledge spillovers improve and the rate of productivity growth rises, as the level of market entry falls. Alternatively, population aging in the country with the larger labor force weakens knowledge spillovers and lowers the rate of productivity growth, but has an ambiguous affect on market entry. We show that the effects of population aging may be reversed by extending retirement age, and consider the welfare implications for demographic transition and retirement age extension arising in our framework through a quantitative analysis based on population data for the United States and Western Europe.
    Date: 2020–12
  7. By: David Hanrahan (Europäisches Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen (EIIW))
    Abstract: The tax challenges of digitalization have been to the forefront of national and international discussions on public revenues in recent years. The digital transformation is seen as being an exacerbating factor in the erosion of tax bases and the shifting of profits to low tax jurisdictions, particularly by multinational companies, thus reducing tax revenues for governments. While there is a large literature examining the role of ICT and digitalization in raising economic growth, productivity and other macroeconomic variables, the relationship between digitalization and tax revenues has been relatively understudied - despite being one of key drivers of what could be most significant change to international tax rules in a century. This study utilizes panel data covering OECD countries during the period from 1995 to 2018, and examines the effect of the rise of digitalization on tax revenues employing both static and dynamic panel data analysis techniques. The findings indicate that digitalization may have a negative impact on the ability of a country with high digital dynamics to generate higher tax returns.
    Keywords: Digitalization, taxation, tax revenues, ICT, OECD countries
    JEL: H20 H25 L81 L86
    Date: 2020–12

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