nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2020‒12‒14
eight papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Champions of digital transformation? The dynamic capabilities of hidden champions By Wittenstein, Daniel
  2. The Impact of Research Funding on Knowledge Creation and Dissemination: A study of SNSF Research Grants By Rachel Heyard; Hanna Hottenrott
  3. Creating Growth by Connecting Place-Based Development Strategies By Age Mariussen; Fatime Barbara Hegyi
  4. An affordance perspective to understand the relationship between organization and IT By Ferran Pérez; Claudio Vitari
  5. Towards Sustainable Management of Natural and Built Capital for a Greener, Diversified, and Resilient Economy By World Bank
  6. Invention and Global Diffusion of Technologies for Climate Change Adaptation By Antoine Dechezlepretre; Sam Fankhauser; Matthieu Glachant; Jan Stoever; Simon Touboul
  7. Framework Assessment And Index Of Knowledge Management Of Small Farmers In The Agricultural Area By , Veronice; , Helmi; , Henmaidi; Arif, Ernita
  8. The effect of technology transfers from public research institutes and universities on firm innovativeness By María García-Vega; Óscar Vicente-Chirivella

  1. By: Wittenstein, Daniel
    Abstract: Hidden Champions (HCs) are small- and medium-sized global market leaders that repeatedly show superior innovation capabilities and economic performance. However, empirical evidence on how the digital transformation may affect their success story remains scarce. I argue that HCs show stronger dynamic capabilities which enables them to be better prepared for the digital transformation than non-HCs firms. To test this hypothesis, I use data from the Mannheim Innovation Panel. This allows me to identify a representative set of German HCs and develop a firm digital readiness index, reflecting the use of important digital technologies and applications. An instrumental variable estimation suggests that higher levels of digital readiness lead to an increase in share of revenue from innovations and productivity. In combination with higher average digital readiness levels of HCs compared to non-HCs, my findings indicate that HCs may indeed be better prepared for the digital transformation.
    Keywords: hidden champions,digital transformation,digital readiness,digital preparedness,performance effects,innovation,dynamic capabilities,instrumental variable estimation
    JEL: L60 L19 M19 O32 O33
    Date: 2020
  2. By: Rachel Heyard; Hanna Hottenrott
    Abstract: This study investigates the impact of competitive project-funding on researchers' publication outputs. Using detailed information on applicants at the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) and their proposals' evaluation, we employ a case-control design that accounts for individual heterogeneity of researchers and selection into treatment (e.g. funding). We estimate the impact of grant award on a set of output indicators measuring the creation of new research results (the number of peer-reviewed articles), its relevance (number of citations and relative citation ratios), as well as its accessibility and dissemination as measured by the publication of preprints and by altmetrics. The results show that the funding program facilitates the publication and dissemination of additional research amounting to about one additional article in each of the three years following the grant. The higher citation metrics and altmetrics of publications by funded researchers suggest that impact goes beyond quantity, but that funding fosters quality and impact.
    Date: 2020–11
  3. By: Age Mariussen (University of Vaasa); Fatime Barbara Hegyi (Joint Research Centre)
    Abstract: In the past years, the European Commission launched three thematic Smart Specialisation platforms to support interregional collaborations and to support European Union regions committed to co-invest jointly in strategic growth areas. The bottom up component in this process has resulted in a wide variety of industry-scientific partnerships at regional and transnational levels. These networks include regions, which are very different in terms of innovation ecosystems, but nevertheless connected through shared thematic focus enabling transnational processes of innovation. This paper explains how interregional partnerships build on the efforts and results achieved in national and regional research and innovation strategies for Smart Specialisation and how, as a result of this, new European innovation ecosystems are emerging. With reference to existing literature and experiences so far, the paper outlines a conceptual framework of how transnational cooperation may strengthen regional place-based development strategies and improve regional innovation capabilities. Key analytical concepts are proximity, knowledge complexity, entrepreneurial discovery processes, stakeholder analysis and cluster emergence.
    Keywords: proximity, knowledge complexity, entrepreneurial discovery processes, stakeholder analysis, cluster emergence, smart specialisation, industrial modernisation, place-based strategies
    Date: 2020–11
  4. By: Ferran Pérez (GEM - Grenoble Ecole de Management); Claudio Vitari (AMU - Aix Marseille Université)
    Abstract: The objective of this paper is to enrich the Affordance Theory application on Information Systems literature. This paper follows the implementation of a CRM project, which includes ambitious Big data and Business Intelligence components, on an international organization. This research focuses on exploring the relationship between the organization and the Information System implemented project under the lens of the Affordance Theory. In result several affordances are identified, and their actualization analyzed under the Process-based Framework for Affordances. The results are used to improve the theoretical framework for future research on Information Systems.
    Abstract: L'objectif de cet article est d'enrichir la théorie des affordances dans son application aux Systèmes d'information. Du point de vue empirique, cet article suit la mise en oeuvre d'un projet de CRM, qui comprend des composants Big Data et Business Intelligence, au sein d'une organisation internationale. Cette recherche se concentre sur l'exploration des relations entre l'organisation et la TIC mis en oeuvre en s'appuyant sur le cadre théorique des affordances. En conséquence, plusieurs opportunités sont identifiées et leur actualisation analysées suivant le processus d'actualisation des affordances. Les résultats sont utilisés pour améliorer le cadre théorique de référence pour des recherches futures en Systèmes d'Information.
    Keywords: Affordance,Affordance Theory,Affordance Actualization,Affordance Effect,IS projects Affordance,théorie des affordances,actualisation des affordances,effets des affordances,projets informatiques
    Date: 2020–06–11
  5. By: World Bank
    Keywords: Agriculture - Climate Change and Agriculture Environment - Air Quality & Clean Air Environment - Natural Resources Management Environment - Sustainable Land Management Environment - Water Resources Management Information and Communication Technologies - Digital Divide Urban Development - National Urban Development Policies & Strategies Urban Development - Urban Economic Development
    Date: 2020–06
  6. By: Antoine Dechezlepretre; Sam Fankhauser; Matthieu Glachant; Jan Stoever; Simon Touboul
    Keywords: Environment - Adaptation to Climate Change Environment - Environmental Engineering Science and Technology Development - Science of Climate Change Science and Technology Development - Technology Innovation
    Date: 2020–06
  7. By: , Veronice; , Helmi; , Henmaidi; Arif, Ernita
    Abstract: Knowledge Management (KM) in agriculture is an establishing system for creating, documenting, classifying, and disseminating knowledge, required for synergy of the development of technological innovation dissemination. KM framework requires assessment as a basis for the KM system in agricultural areas as efforts to determine the effectiveness of the system need to have a KM index which serves to represent conditions in the field. This study aims to determine the framework and KM index of small farmers in agricultural areas. Also, evaluating it as a basis for KM systems requires framework assessment in agricultural areas; therefore, the effectivity determination requires a KM index which represents the conditions in the field. The design process uses a Delphi method through the stages, as well as in-depth interviews with 15 experts, observations, and Focus Group Discussion. The result reveals the form of KM index measurement variables within agricultural areas. First, acquisition with indicators of all group member participation in all related activities. This process occurred within and outside the organisation, using a systematic approach. Second, storage with signs of knowledge access owned by all members, which are easily traceable and digitally stored, as well as the existence of information security mechanism. Third, distribution with indicators source, material clarity, and the delivery methods used. And fourth, application with indicators of precise regulation, utilising information technology. The average index results based on the reference of American Productivity and Quality Center (APQC)'s level of Knowledge Management Maturity KM obtained level 3 which is standardisation with the dominant indicator being the acquisition indicator. This study concludes the KM framework in the agricultural area has four variables, and the km level index is at level 3.
    Date: 2019–11–28
  8. By: María García-Vega; Óscar Vicente-Chirivella
    Abstract: Public research institutes and universities receive large amounts of public funds for the generation and transmission of knowledge. In this paper, we assess the differential impact of technology transfers from public research institutes versus technology transfers from universities on firm innovativeness. We use information of R&D acquisitions from a panel dataset of more than 10,000 Spanish firms from 2005 to 2014. Using matching and difference-in-difference estimators, we show that technology transfers from both organizations increase firm innovativeness. Our results suggest that the knowledge generated by public research institutes is particularly beneficial to firms with high levels of absorptive capacity. In contrast, the knowledge transferred by universities is relatively more beneficial to firms with low levels of absorptive capacities. Hence, public funds for public research institutes are especially important for the R&D intensive private sector. Therefore, the degree of absorptive capacities of the participating firms is important to design public programs that maximize the efficiency of public technology transfers.
    Keywords: Public Research Institutes; Universities; Technology Transfers; Firm innovativeness.
    Date: 2020

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