nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2020‒10‒26
five papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Organizational Hierarchies in the Slovenian Manufacturing Sector By Bonilla, Santiago; Polanec, Sašo
  2. The effects of digital literacy and information literacy on the intention to use digital technologies for learning - A comparative study in Korea and Finland By Jang, Moonkyoung; Aavakare, Milla; Kim, Seongcheol; Nikou, Shahrokh
  3. Digital transformation of industrial enterprises based on the concept of "Industry 4.0" as a factor in ensuring the economic security of the country By Andreev, Andrei (Андреев, Андрей); Emelyanov, Nikolay (Емельянов, Николай)
  4. Leader Cultural Intelligence and Organizational Performance By Saeed Nosratabadi; Parvaneh Bahrami; Khodayar Palouzian; Amir Mosavi
  5. Practical Lessons for Engineers to adapt towards Industry 4.0 in Indian Engineering Industries By Sony, Michael; Aithal, Sreeramana

  1. By: Bonilla, Santiago; Polanec, Sašo
    Abstract: We study organizational hierarchies in a transition country. Using employer-employee matched data for a set of Slovenian manufacturing firms, we find strong support for the key hypotheses of the knowledge-based hierarchies proposed by Garicano (2000) and Caliendo and Rossi-Hansberg (2012). According to these theories, firms should organize in consecutively ordered layers with less hours and higher wages in higher layers. Following Caliendo, Monte, and Rossi-Hansberg (2015b), who were the first to test the predictions of knowledge-based theories of organizational hierarchies, we are able to directly compare our results to those obtained for French manufacturing firms. We find that Slovenian firms exhibit lower consistency with consecutive ordering of organizational layers, have on average fewer organizational layers and change them less frequently. We attribute lower organizational depth to the higher wage premia to workers in higher organizational layers, which is an implication of under-investment in human capital during the socialist era.
    Keywords: Organizational hierarchies, human capital, wages
    JEL: D21 D24 J24 J31
    Date: 2020–09–13
  2. By: Jang, Moonkyoung; Aavakare, Milla; Kim, Seongcheol; Nikou, Shahrokh
    Abstract: Digitalisation impacts in the higher education environment and specifically on using digital technologies for learning purposes has increasingly changed such activities. In an informationbased society, where individuals are overloaded with the sheer amount of information and digital tools and devices, literacy skills of an individual play an important role in how activities are being executed. In this paper, we aim to investigate how information and digital literacy of university students impact their decisions to use digital technology for learning. As such, an extension of the UTAUT model is applied on a dataset comprising of 194 and 192 young Korean and Finnish people in their 20s and 30s. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) results show distinct differences between young Korean and Finnish people in multiple path relationships. For example, while digital literacy has no direct impact on the intention to use technology for learning for Finnish people, this path is significant for the Korean people. Based on this, recommendations for prospect research in adopting the proposed model are outlined and theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
    Date: 2020
  3. By: Andreev, Andrei (Андреев, Андрей) (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration- Stolypin Volga Region Institute of administration); Emelyanov, Nikolay (Емельянов, Николай) (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration- Stolypin Volga Region Institute of administration)
    Abstract: The article discusses the problem of implementing digital technologies in the “Industry 4.0” in industrial enterprises in Russia, identifi es the opportunities and threats associated with the introduction of these technologies, the place and role of business and the state in this process. The forecast of the effect on the national economy from the introduction of these technologies by McKinsey is also presented. The methodological basis of the research is General scientifi c methods.
    Keywords: digital transformation of Russian enterprises, «Industry 4.0» technologies, the effect of the introduction of digital technologies
    Date: 2020–08
  4. By: Saeed Nosratabadi; Parvaneh Bahrami; Khodayar Palouzian; Amir Mosavi
    Abstract: One of the challenges for international companies is to manage multicultural environments effectively. Cultural intelligence (CQ) is a soft skill required of the leaders of organizations working in cross-cultural contexts to be able to communicate effectively in such environments. On the other hand, organizational structure plays an active role in developing and promoting such skills in an organization. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect of leader CQ on organizational performance mediated by organizational structure. To achieve the objective of this research, first, conceptual models and hypotheses of this research were formed based on the literature. Then, a quantitative empirical research design using a questionnaire, as a tool for data collection, and structural equation modeling, as a tool for data analysis, was employed among executives of knowledge-based companies in the Science and Technology Park, Bushehr, Iran. The results disclosed that leader CQ directly and indirectly (i.e., through the organizational structure) has a positive and significant effect on organizational performance. In other words, in organizations that operate in a multicultural environment, the higher the level of leader CQ, the higher the performance of that organization. Accordingly, such companies are encouraged to invest in improving the cultural intelligence of their leaders to improve their performance in cross-cultural environments, and to design appropriate organizational structures for the development of their intellectual capital.
    Date: 2020–10
  5. By: Sony, Michael; Aithal, Sreeramana
    Abstract: Industry 4.0 is the current buzzword in the modern organization. It promises to revolutionize the Industry with automation and computing technologies. Indian Engineering Industry is the largest segment among the Indian Industries having a huge export potential. Industry 4.0 is making inroads into this high potential Industry in a gradual manner. There are very few studies as to how should engineers adapt with the skills and ability requirements of knowledge society created due to the application of Industry 4.0. The main aim of this paper is to critically analyze the previous studies so that engineers can adapt to Industry 4.0. This study finds six dimensions engineers must adapt while working in Industry 4.0 environment. Though there have been numerous literature reviews on Industry 4.0, however this is the first study carried out on engineer adaptability for Industry 4.0 in the contextual domain of Indian Engineering Industries.
    Keywords: Industry 4.0, Cyber-Physical-Systems, Knowledge Society, Engineer Adaptability, Literature review
    JEL: N7 O1 O14
    Date: 2020–08–05

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