nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2020‒07‒27
three papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Public-private R&D partnerships: A solution to increase knowledge sharing in R&D cooperation By Hervouet, A.; Trommetter, M.
  2. Building Knowledge-Based Economies in Africa: A Systematic Review of Policies and Strategies By Asongu, Simplice; Odhiambo, Nicholas
  3. The (Anti-)Competitive Effect of Intellectual Property Rights By Martin Wörter; Michael Peneder; Mark Thompson

  1. By: Hervouet, A.; Trommetter, M.
    Abstract: Knowledge sharing is crucial for the success of most R&D cooperations. This paper investigates the best conditions for fostering knowledge sharing in R&D cooperation and looks at how the establishment of Public-Private R&D Partnerships (PPP in R&D) could be a useful tool for this purpose. In this end, it proposes a theoretical model, related to the R&D cooperation literature, that takes into consideration the impacts of firms outside R&D cooperation and the presence of two kinds of spillover: a technology spillover and a product rivalry effect. The model shows that both spillovers can affect knowledge sharing negatively, and that PPP in R&D can be useful to promote knowledge sharing. First, public authorities can choose partners that will facilitate efficient knowledge sharing. Second, to avoid the negative impacts of spillovers on behavior in terms of knowledge sharing, public laboratories should be used as intermediaries for the prior and strategic knowledge of firms. Public labs can use the prior knowledge of firms to innovate, and then spread this innovation among the partners of the PPP, without spreading the prior knowledge of the firms.
    JEL: L13 L24 O30 O38
    Date: 2020
  2. By: Asongu, Simplice; Odhiambo, Nicholas
    Abstract: Compared to other regions of the world, Africa is lagging in its drive toward knowledge-based economies. This study systematically reviews the literature in order to highlight the policies and strategies with which African countries can accelerate their current drive towards building knowledge-based economies. These are discussed in terms of three pillars of the World Bank’s knowledge economy framework. They are the indices for: (i) education and skilled population, (ii) information and communication technology and (iii) economic incentives and institutional regime.
    Keywords: Knowledge economy; Development; Africa
    JEL: O10 O30 O38 O55 O57
    Date: 2019–01
  3. By: Martin Wörter (KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, Switzerland); Michael Peneder (Austrian Institute of Economic Research, Vienna, Austria); Mark Thompson (Austrian Institute of Technology, Vienna, Austria)
    Abstract: We test whether intellectual property rights (IPRs) foster or hinder innovation by estimating IV structural equations for a large sample of Swiss firms. We find that better appropriability conditions at the industry level raise the number of competitors. However, conditional on the given industry structure, individual firms face fewer competitors, if they actually use IPRs. The further impact of fewer competitors is to raise R&D, when initial competition is strong, but to reduce it, when initial competition is weak (“inverted U†).
    Keywords: patents, innovation, competition, simultaneous system
    JEL: O31 O32 O34 D22
    Date: 2019–03

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