nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2020‒07‒20
four papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Invention Disclosures and the Slowdown of Scientific Knowledge By Link, Albert; Scott, John
  2. Learning opportunities stemming from place-based transformative Smart Specialisation. Examples from Visegrad Group countries. By Katerina Ciampi Stancova
  3. Toward a discursive approach to growth models: Social blocs in the politics of digital transformation By Rothstein, Sidney A.
  4. Firm Agglomeration in Knowledge Intensive Business Service Sectors By Shinya Fukui

  1. By: Link, Albert (University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics); Scott, John (Dartmouth College)
    Abstract: Invention disclosures are one measure of new scientific knowledge that represents and predicts the future scientific research output of a U.S. federal laboratory. In this paper, we document a negative shift in the production function for new scientific knowledge as measured by invention disclosures at one federal laboratory, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, over the first 16 years of the new millennium. We find a negative shift of the production function for new scientific knowledge, and that shift might reflect the coincidence of the ICT revolution that enabled fast science, and the evaluation of research with uncritical use of citation counts that created incentives to focus on incremental research in crowded research topics.
    Keywords: Invention disclosures; Federal laboratory; Scientific knowledge; Knowledge production function; ICT revolution;
    JEL: O31 O35 O38
    Date: 2020–07–13
  2. By: Katerina Ciampi Stancova (European Commission - JRC)
    Abstract: Smart specialisation (S3) is a place-based agenda for regional economic transformation. To that end, smart specialisation emphasises the importance of strategic thinking, good (multi-level) governance, existence of public institutions that are able to orchestrate fruitful discussion about the region’s future development trajectories as well as develop appropriate policy instruments and interventions, and finally engaged stakeholders that are willing to take an active lead in local development. In order to achieve these objectives, public institutions are required to learn constantly – explore, integrate and exploit knowledge acquired by individuals. The proposition of this study is to discuss if and how smart specialisation fosters policy learning and to provide some evidence on implementation of smart specialisation and associated policy learning opportunities in Visegrad Group countries.
    Keywords: smart specialisation, policy learning, knowledge networks, innovation policy, Visegrad Group countries
    Date: 2020–05
  3. By: Rothstein, Sidney A.
    Abstract: The growth models perspective analyzes the role of social blocs in crafting countries' economic policies, but its treatment of business power as purely structural prevents it from addressing an important question in the politics of digital transformation: How have new sectors with miniscule economic footprints been able to influence economic policy? This paper explores how tech and venture capital successfully lobbied for financial deregulation at the beginning of digital transformation in the United States. The paper argues that explaining the role of social blocs in digital transformation requires incorporating discourse analysis and develops a conceptual framework around three discursive components in the dynamics of social blocs: coordination, persuasion, and performativity. This framework contributes to theory development in the growth models perspective and illustrates how the concept of social blocs can help make sense of the politics of digital transformation.
    Keywords: digital transformation,discourse,growth models,social blocs,digitale Transformation,Diskurs,gesellschaftliche Koalitionen,Wachstumsmodelle
    Date: 2020
  4. By: Shinya Fukui (Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University / Senior Researcher, Osaka Prefectural Government, Japan)
    Abstract: We observe dense agglomerations of Knowledge-Intensive Business Services (KIBS) in large cities such as Tokyo and Osaka. Such urban features of KIBS stem from the fact that the main customers for KIBS are corporate headquarters (HQs), and KIBS’s main input is highly skilled labor. We adhere to the model proposed by Redding and Venables (2004) and present a monopolistic competition model. Our results indicate that improving access to the agglomeration of HQs and KIBS and knowledge agglomeration will strengthen market access and supply access and that KIBS firms will be even more inclined to establish locations in those municipalities.
    Date: 2020–06

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