nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2020‒06‒22
five papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Is Technological Change Really Skills-Biased? Firm-level Evidence of the Complementarities between ICT and Workers’ Education By Filippo Pusterla; Thomas Bolli
  2. La régulation dynamique des dispositifs et des situations de gestion des connaissances au coeur de l’innovation des firmes multinationales By Virginie Jacquier-Roux; Hiroatsu Nohara; Claude Paraponaris
  3. Estimated Human Capital Externalities in an Endogenous Growth Framework By Jim Malley; Ulrich Woitek
  4. The Impacts of Organizational Cultures Incorporating Coaching Style Management on Employees? Work Ethics and Social Responsibility By Quey-Jen Yeh
  5. Patents to Products: Product Innovation and Firm Dynamics By Argente, David; Baslandze, Salomé; Hanley, Douglas; Moreira, Sara

  1. By: Filippo Pusterla (KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, Switzerland); Thomas Bolli (KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, Switzerland)
    Abstract: This paper extends and refnes the concept of ICT-driven skills-biased technological change by disentangling the effects of information technologies (IT) and communication technologies (CT). Guided by the theory that IT and CT differently affect firms' production processes, we investigate the complementarities between these two distinct technologies and workers' levels of education in affecting firms' productivity. Exploiting within-firm variation between 2005-2017, we find that the use of IT-measured as use of business management tools - is particularly beneficial for workers with a tertiary vocational education. In contrast, CT - measured as workers' use of the intranet - is especially complementary to workers with a tertiary academic education. While consistent with the ICT-driven skills-biased technological change hypothesis, our results offer evidence on the necessity for differentiating between the effects of IT and CT on firm productivity when differently educated workers use these technologies.
    Keywords: skills-biased technological change, information technologies, communication technologies
    JEL: J24 O33
    Date: 2019–12
  2. By: Virginie Jacquier-Roux (CREG - Centre de recherche en économie de Grenoble - UPMF - Université Pierre Mendès France - Grenoble 2 - UGA - Université Grenoble Alpes); Hiroatsu Nohara (LEST - Laboratoire d'économie et de sociologie du travail - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Claude Paraponaris (LEST - Laboratoire d'économie et de sociologie du travail - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: The globalized R&D of multinational firms involves an intrinsic risk of cognitive and strategic dispersion. Very often, this problem is analyzed through the difficulties of knowledge diffusion in organizations. Considering this approach insufficient, we propose an approach in terms of situated cognition. Then the multinational firm is defined as an organization that sets up knowledge sharing devices. In addition, knowledge management situations take place depending on the behavior of the actors who seek to solve coordination problems. We show that the devices are instruments of government while the situations are spaces of autonomy and uncertainty. We illustrate our analysis with the comparison of two multinational firms located in France. These two cases illustrate the achievement of dynamic regulation between knowledge management devices and situations.
    Abstract: La R&D globalisée des firmes multinationales comporte un risque intrinsèque de dispersion cognitive et stratégique. Fort souvent, ce problème est analysé au travers des difficultés à faire circuler les connaissances dans les organisations. Estimant cette approche insuffisante, nous proposons une approche en termes de cognition située. La firme multinationale est alors définie comme une organisation qui met en place des dispositifs de partage des connaissances. En complément, des situations de gestion des connaissances prennent place en fonction des comportements des acteurs qui cherchent à résoudre des problèmes de coordination. Nous montrons que les dispositifs sont des instruments de gouvernement alors que les situations sontdes espaces d'autonomie et d'incertitude. Cette approche est illustrée par la comparaison de deux firmes multinationales implantées en France. Ces deux cas permettent d'illustrer la réalisation d'une régulation dynamique entre dispositifs et situations de gestion des connaissances.
    Keywords: Knowledge,situation,control device,regulation,MNC,firme multinationale.,régulation,Connaissance,dispositif
    Date: 2020–05
  3. By: Jim Malley; Ulrich Woitek
    Abstract: To better understand the quantitative implications of human capital externalities at the aggregate level, we estimate a two-sector endogenous growth model with knowledge spill-overs. To achieve this, we account for trend growth in a model consistent fashion and employ a Markov-chain Monte-Carlo (MCMC) algorithm to estimate the model’s posterior parameter distributions. Using U.S. quarterly data from 1964-2017, we find significant positive externalities to aggregate human capital. Our analysis further shows that eliminating this market failure leads to sizeable increases in education-time, endogenous growth and aggregate welfare.
    Keywords: Human capital externalities, endogenous growth, Bayesian estimation
    JEL: C11 C52 E32
    Date: 2019–04
  4. By: Quey-Jen Yeh (Department of Business Administration, National Cheng-Kung University)
    Abstract: Work ethics and social responsibility (WESR) concerns business ethics that go beyond the economic and legal responsibilities. Modernization often implies adapting to Western management practices that inspire existing business cultures moving toward innovative waves against traditionalism. The purpose of this paper is to inspect the co-existence of Chinese diligence tradition and Western innovative values such as conflict tolerance, and how this combined cultural values incorporates either the traditional power-distance or modern coaching style of management to facilitate employees learning about WESR practices in Chinese-managed firms in Taiwan. To demonstrate the promising benefit of WESR in human resource, the paper examines the influence of WESR as a mediator to effect further on employees? work performance efficacy. The findings support the hypotheses proposed.
    Keywords: Work ethics and social responsibility (WESR), Confucianism, diligence tradition, innovative values, organizational cultures, management style, power-distance, coaching, work performance efficacy
    JEL: D22
    Date: 2020–02
  5. By: Argente, David; Baslandze, Salomé; Hanley, Douglas; Moreira, Sara
    Abstract: We study the relationship between patents and actual product innovation in the market, and how this relationship varies with firms' market share. We use textual analysis to create a new data set that links patents to products of firms in the consumer goods sector. We find that patent filings are positively associated with subsequent product innovation by firms, but at least half of product innovation and growth comes from firms that never patent. We also find that market leaders use patents differently from followers. Market leaders have lower product innovation rates, though they rely on patents more. Patents of market leaders relate to higher future sales above and beyond their effect on product innovation, and these patents are associated with declining product introduction on the part of competitors, which is consistent with the notion that market leaders use their patents to limit competition. We then use a model to analyze the firms' patenting and product innovation decisions. We show that the private value of a patent is particularly high for large firms as patents protect large market shares of existing products.
    Keywords: creative destruction; growth; Innovation; patent value; patents; productivity
    JEL: O3 O4
    Date: 2020–05

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