nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2020‒01‒06
seven papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  2. An assessment of impact of information and communication technology in enterprızes of Korça region By Rafail Prodani; Jozef Bushati; Aigars Andersons
  3. Technology gaps, trade and income By Sampson, Thomas
  4. Alpha Discovery Neural Network based on Prior Knowledge By Jie Fang; Zhikang Xia; Xiang Liu; Shutao Xia; Yong Jiang; Jianwu Lin
  5. Commercialization of High-Tech Innovations and Economic Growth in The Worldwide Most Innovative Countries By Rahman, Sarli; Suwitho, Suwitho; Oh, Andi; Purwati, Astri Ayu
  7. The Development of Digital Economy in Indonesia By Themy, Bryan Julio

  1. By: NIRWAN, SAEPUDIN (Politeknik Pos Indonesia)
    Abstract: This Project discuss assembling about application portal knowledge management in higher university, like we know about in higher university is location to interaction for people studied. Various to follow open knowledge. The higher university have had competition level and high demand form stakeholder, that is increase quality although transparency in management organization. With competition is very expert, the higher university must have skill to absorb knowledge that had civitas academic, in order that knowledge who there is in area university can kept with explicit, shaped to make dissemination knowledge. To reach necessity about that project so did program architecture knowledge management for system to used in tools as support management knowledge management in higher university. Knowledge management had facilities to made collaboration, repository and dissemination knowledge who have in every civitas academic, in example is case Politeknik Pos Indonesia. The planning started with observe necessity system, specification and software and grow up prototype where able bridge between running system to resource data with knowledge management portal is development.
    Date: 2018–08–25
  2. By: Rafail Prodani (Fan Noli University); Jozef Bushati (University of Shkodër "Luigj Gurakuqi"); Aigars Andersons (Vidzeme University of Applied Sciences)
    Abstract: Ever-evolving and increasingly powerful Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have fundamentally changed the nature of global relationships, sources of competitive advantage and opportunities for economic and social development. ICTs have greatly increased the impact on every area of human life. Technologies such as the Internet, personal computers and wireless have turned the globe into a network of individuals, businesses, governments, and ever-growing schools who communicate and interact with one another. Without doubt ICTs plays a strategic role in managing organizations. This paper presents a part of the current state of ICTs for enterprises by establishing comparative bases for further studies in this field. It also helps academic institutions to evaluate and identify factors, as well as the specific role and weight of these factors have in the process of developing ICTs towards a developed economy and society in the context of digital Albania. It is presented as a scientific analyse, accomplished, detailed and expressed in percentage and graphical analysis of a number of very important data sets of enterprises in their full form, to unlock developments in the field of ICTs in our country, including specific ones based on concrete data. This study tends to study the extent to which these but have involved ICTs and what impact these technologies have in the daily work of these organizations in part of Albania (Korca Region)and brings its contribution as a perspective of literature, experience and international studies, the level of development of our country regarding the assessment of electronic readiness of business organizations.
    Keywords: e-readiness,businesses organizations,information and communication technologies,Internet,impact
    Date: 2019–12–15
  3. By: Sampson, Thomas
    Abstract: This paper studies the origins and consequences of international technology gaps. I develop an endogenous growth model where R&D efficiency varies across countries and productivity differences emerge from firm-level technology investments. The theory characterizes how innovation and learning determine technology gaps, trade and global income inequality. Countries with higher R&D efficiency are richer and have comparative advantage in more innovation-dependent industries where the advantage of backwardness is lower and knowledge spillovers are more localized. I estimate R&D efficiency by country and innovation-dependence by industry from R&D and bilateral trade data. Calibrating the model implies technology gaps, due to cross-country differences in R&D efficiency, account for around one-quarter to one-third of nominal wage variation within the OECD.
    Keywords: technology gaps; trade; technology investment; Ricardian comparative advantage; international income inequality
    JEL: F11 F43 O14 O41
    Date: 2019–06
  4. By: Jie Fang; Zhikang Xia; Xiang Liu; Shutao Xia; Yong Jiang; Jianwu Lin
    Abstract: In financial automatic feature construction task, genetic programming is the state-of-the-art-technic. It uses reverse polish expression to represent features and then uses genetic programming to simulate the evolution process. With the development of deep learning, there are more powerful feature extractors for option. And we think that comprehending the relationship between different feature extractors and data shall be the key. In this work, we put prior knowledge into alpha discovery neural network, combined with different kinds of feature extractors to do this task. We find that in the same type of network, simple network structure can produce more informative features than sophisticated network structure, and it costs less training time. However, complex network is good at providing more diversified features. In both experiment and real business environment, fully-connected network and recurrent network are good at extracting information from financial time series, but convolution network structure can not effectively extract this information.
    Date: 2019–12
  5. By: Rahman, Sarli; Suwitho, Suwitho; Oh, Andi; Purwati, Astri Ayu
    Abstract: This study aimed to reconfirm the factors that caused the differences from the results of previous studies related to the relationship of R&D expenditures, the number of patent applications high-tech exports and economic growth (GDP). Cause of these differences related to the research objects, observation time and the data choice used. Therefore in this study, the research objects were selected 51 countries listed in the 2018 global innovation index, which are then grouped into high-income countries, upper-middle-income, and lower-middle-income. In addition, there are also three alternative choices of data that are used to represent high-tech export variables and economic growth variables. From the analysis conducted it is found that innovation activities could affect the economic growth of high-income countries in the long term and the short term.
    Keywords: Innovation, Economic Growth, FDI Inflows, High-tech Export
    JEL: O1 O3 O5
    Date: 2019–07–10
  6. By: Hirano, Heloisa Izumi; PALETTA, FRANCISCO CARLOS; Cortês, Pedro Luiz
    Abstract: A Inteligência Competitiva e a Gestão do Conhecimento apresentam, em suas abordagens estratégicas, fatores conceituais em comum, entre os quais, o da tomada de decisão, mencionada como justificativa e finalidade da aplicação de ambas as práticas. Este estudo busca identificar, a partir de um conjunto de artigos publicados após o ano 2000, quais os principais pontos de intersecção entre a tomada de decisão com relação à Inteligência Competitiva e à Gestão do Conhecimento, aprofundando o entendimento de sua utilização nas questões teóricas e aplicações práticas.
    Date: 2019–09–10
  7. By: Themy, Bryan Julio
    Abstract: Industri perbankan juga berlomba-lomba menawarkan berbagai inovasi baru dalam pelayan perbankan digital, seperti misalnya jika kita akan membuka tabungan deposito di salah satu bank, maka kita bisa membuka tabungan tersebut secara digital tanpa perlu datang ke bank. Setelah itu kita juga bisa menyetor uang ke deposito tersebut secara online lewat mobile banking dan kita juga bisa melihat perubahan investasi deposito kita langsung lewat smartphone kita.
    Date: 2019–08–27

This nep-knm issue is ©2020 by Laura Ştefănescu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.