nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2019‒11‒11
four papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Digital Infrastructure and Entrepreneurship: The Digital Era's Enabling Effect By Caceres-Diaz, Piero; Usero-Sanchez, María Belén; Montoro-Sanchez, Angeles
  2. University Postgraduate Research Programmes: Digitization(ICT),Innovations and Applications By NWAOBI, GODWIN
  3. Effects of Expenditures in Science, Technology and R&D on Technical Change in Countries in Latin America and the Caribbean By Alexander Cotte Poveda; Carolina Jimenez
  4. A new macroeconomic measure of human capital with strong empirical links to productivity By Jarmila Botev; Balázs Égert; Zuzana Smidova; David Turner

  1. By: Caceres-Diaz, Piero; Usero-Sanchez, María Belén; Montoro-Sanchez, Angeles
    Abstract: Scholars have failed to give infrastructure due importance in entrepreneurship studies. Not too far from now, digital infrastructure has been recognized as the most conducive for entrepreneurial activity. Nevertheless, it has not been properly included in opportunitymotivated entrepreneurship (OE) studies, being OE the most propitious to economic growth. Accordingly, our research is the first one to focus on this link. By recognizing the importance of individuals' resources such as human, social, and financial capital for OE; an interaction model is considered. Using logistic regression analysis through a data set of 463,454 individuals from 37 countries (2011-2016), we validate this relationship and find it varies depending on the existing institutional system. Particularly, results suggest that fixed and mobile broadband fulfill distinct roles when relating to OE. Implications of this study may be of interest to policymakers.
    Keywords: Opportunity entrepreneurship,Broadband,External enablers
    JEL: L26 L96 H54
    Date: 2019
    Abstract: Without advanced educational research, development will not occur and only technologically educated people can command the skills necessary for sustainable growth and development. However, the current generations of university postgraduate students are ushering in a new paradigm for research. Here, collaboration is made much easier, sharing of research knowledge is instant and the resultant synergies yield huge advances in research productivity and innovation. Therefore, this paper argues that ICT integration and digitization process will help university postgraduate (research) programmes to remain the same while at the same time is influencing it, determining and changing it. And giving that technological change is continuous and frequently disruptive, educational (research) policy planning should be dynamic and integrated within the framework of ecosystem innovation hub.
    Keywords: Digitization, ICTs, University, Research, Postgraduate- programmes, Innovation, TechHub, Nigeria, Africa, Incubation, Internet, Education, Knowledge, Information Networks, Technology, Infrastructures
    JEL: A20 A23 C80 C88 D8 I2 I23 O3 O31 O32 O33
    Date: 2019–10–28
  3. By: Alexander Cotte Poveda; Carolina Jimenez
    Abstract: This research analyzes the effects of expenditures in science, technology and research and development (R&D) on technical change in countries with a high human development index in Latin America. We argue that with higher investments in science, technology and R&D, the productivity of Latin American countries should increase, thereby offering several advantages for the population. Moreover, we investigated the factors that determine the relationship between economic growth and development and technical change. In this study, we use a technological change model to determine the factors that influence the productivity conditions of every Latin American country analyzed. The findings show that the expenditures in science, technology, R&D and patents have a positive influence on the technological change of those countries.
    JEL: O3 O31 O34 O38
    Date: 2019–06–20
  4. By: Jarmila Botev; Balázs Égert; Zuzana Smidova; David Turner
    Abstract: This paper calculates new measures of human capital. Contrary to the existing literature, they are based on realistic rates of return to education, which are allowed to vary substantially across countries and to some extent over time. The new measures perform well in regression analysis explaining productivity across OECD countries and over time. In OECD samples, coefficient estimates are broadly consistent with the private returns underlying the construction of the new measures of human capital. In a wider sample of countries, most estimates imply additional positive social returns.
    Keywords: human capital, mean years of schooling, OECD, productivity, returns to education
    JEL: E24 I20 I26
    Date: 2019–11–13

This nep-knm issue is ©2019 by Laura Ştefănescu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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