nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2019‒07‒29
three papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Does the Position in the Inter-sectoral Knowledge Space affect the International Competitiveness of Industries? By Francesco Lamperti; Franco Malerba; Roberto Mavilia; Giorgio Tripodi
  2. Innovation and Economic Growth: Does Internet Matter? By Bakari, Sayef
  3. Tour d’horizon des innovations pédagogiques By OCDE

  1. By: Francesco Lamperti; Franco Malerba; Roberto Mavilia; Giorgio Tripodi
    Abstract: This paper empirically investigates how the inter-sectoral knowledge flows affect the international competitiveness of industries, once controlling for both cost and other technological factors. Using patent data on 14 manufacturing industries in 16 OECD countries over the period 1995-2009, we apply a network-based approach to capture the effect of industries' position in the flows of technological knowledge across industries, which we label inter-sectoral knowledge space. We find that (i) centrality and local clustering in the inter-sectoral knowledge space positively affect the export market shares of an industry, (ii) such two effects are rather redundant and, (iii) national-level knowledge flows' impacts on international competitiveness are way stronger than international ones. Network measures of position in the knowledge space are found to be more relevant than standard technological indicators such as patent counts. Our results point to the importance of industries being well located in the stream of knowledge flows, rather than being innovative per-se, and offers an novel yet robust proxy to measure technological factors affecting trade performances. In addition, we find evidence of geographical boundaries of knowledge flows.
    Keywords: international trade; industry competitiveness; knowledge flows; patent data.
    Date: 2019–07–24
  2. By: Bakari, Sayef
    Abstract: We analyze the relationship between economic growth and innovation taking into consideration the importance of the internet. To do so, we use a panel ARDL model, with data on a sample of 76 developed and developing countries in different geographic regions for the 1995–2016 period. Our findings provide empirical evidence of the positive role of innovation and internet in economic growth and the positive role of economic growth and internet in innovation. From these results, we derive several basic policy conclusions.
    Keywords: Innovation, Economic Growth, Internet
    JEL: O31 O32 O38 O47 O50
    Date: 2019–06
  3. By: OCDE
    Abstract: Il est communément admis que la qualité d’un système d’éducation dépend de celle de ses enseignants. En rappelant l’importance de la pédagogie, on peut affirmer que, pour aider les élèves à relever les nouveaux défis de l’éducation, les enseignants doivent repenser et actualiser leur répertoire de pratiques.La préparation des jeunes aux nouveaux défis du monde contemporain nécessite l’examen et la mise à jour des pratiques pédagogiques des enseignants. L’innovation dans les pratiques doit apparaître comme une réponse naturelle aux défis quotidiens d’une classe en constante évolution. Loin d’être accessoire, le changement est un processus de résolution de problèmes pédagogiques qui s’appuie sur les capacités créatives, intuitives et personnelles des enseignants.La nouvelle publication de l’OCDE, Teachers as Designers of Learning Environments: The Importance of Innovative Pedagogies, se propose d’aider les enseignants à s’orienter parmi la myriade de pratiques et nouvelles méthodes prometteuses dans la sphère de l’innovation. Elle s’appuie sur l’analyse de six catégories de pédagogies innovantes et les expériences de réseaux d’établissements innovants pour offrir aux enseignants un socle de référence sur lequel bâtir leurs propres projets d’innovation.
    Date: 2018–05–21

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