nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2019‒04‒29
five papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. FDI Patterns and Global Value Chains in the Digital Economy By Antonello Zanfei; Andrea Coveri; Mario Pianta
  2. Patent protection, innovation, and technology transfer in a Schumpeterian economy By Huang, Chien-Yu; Yang, Yibai; Zheng, Zhijie
  3. Do high wage footballers play for high wage teams? By Rachel Scarfe; Carl Singleton; Paul Telemo
  4. Understanding the capabilities for digital innovations from a digital technology perspective By Wiesböck, Florian; Hess, Thomas
  5. Vermont Agency of Transportation Employee Retention and Knowledge Management Study By McRae, Glenn; Vallett, Carol; Jewiss, Jennifer

  1. By: Antonello Zanfei (Department of Economics, Society & Politics, Universit? di Urbino Carlo Bo); Andrea Coveri (Department of Economics, Society & Politics, Universit? di Urbino Carlo Bo); Mario Pianta (Scuola Normale Superiore, Florence)
    Abstract: The modern process of digitalization of the world economy entails global flows of investment in technology-based industries and knowledge activities located upstream of value chains. This work exploits the wealth of information offered by the fDi Markets database to provide an overview about the geographical patterns of FDIs and of specialization in digital industries and in technological activities.We showremarkable differences across both advanced and emerging economies in this respect. Europe is both a big attractor and a big investor in digital related business, but relies on emerging economies more to offshore production than to set up R&D labs in these countries. By contrast, North American economies are more prone to engage in knowledge intensive FDIs towards the most dynamic emerging countries than is the case of Europe.Emerging economies also play a large variety of rolesinglobal flows of investment in digital industries.However, with the relevant exceptions of China, India and the Four Asian Tigers, inward and outward FDIsof Emerging economies are predominantlyproduction-oriented, with a lower involvement in R&D, Design and ICT activities. Hence, the observed patterns of FDIs appear to consolidate existing hierarchies in digital related global production networks, creating limited upgrading opportunities in the case of most emerging economies.
    Keywords: Foreign direct investment, globalization, digitalization, global value chains.
    JEL: F12 F21 F23 L23 M21 O30
    Date: 2019
  2. By: Huang, Chien-Yu; Yang, Yibai; Zheng, Zhijie
    Abstract: This paper analyzes the effects of intellectual property rights (IPR) protection on innovation and technology transfer in a North-South quality-ladder model with innovative Northern R&D and adaptive Southern R&D. The degree of IPR protection in two countries differs in terms of patent breadth, which determines the markups of Northern firms and their Southern affiliates, respectively. In this model, stronger IPR protection in the South leads to a permanent decrease in the North-South wage gap, a temporary increase in the Northern innovation rate, and a permanent increase in technology transfer. By contrast, stronger IPR protection in the North leads to a permanent increase in the North-South wage gap, ambiguous effects on the Northern innovation rate, and a permanent decrease in technology transfer. Finally, we perform a quantitative analysis by calibrating the model to the US-China data, and the numerical results support these policy implications.
    Keywords: Intellectual property rights protection, Schumpeterian innovation, multinational firms, technology transfer
    JEL: F12 F23 F43 O31 O34
    Date: 2019–03
  3. By: Rachel Scarfe (School of Economics, University of Edinburgh); Carl Singleton (Department of Economics, University of Reading); Paul Telemo (School of Economics, University of Edinburgh)
    Abstract: Intuition and sports knowledge suggest the best professional footballers play for the best teams, i.e. positive assortative matching between employer and employee on productivity. We use wage data for all players and teams in Major League Soccer between 2007 and 2017 and find that estimated player and team fixed wage effects are negatively correlated. This is a puzzle, which could be explained if players match to teams according to some compensating wage differential, for example from a desire to play for successful teams. The estimated wage premiums of teams are highly and negatively correlated with their success in the league (productivity).
    Keywords: firm-specific wages, AKM wage equation, matching, superstar pay
    JEL: J31 J49
    Date: 2019–04–07
  4. By: Wiesböck, Florian; Hess, Thomas
    Abstract: With this study, we want to take a first step in this direction and try to develop a basic understanding of the capabilities for digital innovations (henceforth: digital innovation capabilities (DIC)) from a digital technology perspective. Such a perspective argues that digital innovations are based on digitalization and digital transformation capabilities (Wiesböck 2018). Hence, the aim of this paper is to develop a digital technology-centered theoretical conceptualization of an organization's DIC. This way, we want to answer the following research question: How do an organization's digitalization capabilities and digital transformation capabilities define an organization's digital innovation capabilities?
    Date: 2018
  5. By: McRae, Glenn; Vallett, Carol; Jewiss, Jennifer
    Abstract: In 2015, the Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTrans) developed a new strategic plan that included five goals that would support the agency’s mission and vision. Goal 5 of the plan is: Develop a workforce to meet the strategic needs of the agency. VTrans leaders were concerned with the loss of employees due to turnover and the subsequent impact of knowledge loss on the operations of the agency. This applied research study used a mixed methods approach in data gathering to help determine the state of employee retention and knowledge management (KM) at VTrans and to provide tools that could help with both retention and KM issues. Key steps in this study involved an organizational assessment of turnover and KM practices at VTrans, a scan of other state DOTs concerning retention and KM practices, and a pilot project to address both issues. With guidance provided by a Technical Advisory Committee (TAC), the decision was made to focus most of the research in specific units of the Highway Division. View the NCST Project Webpage
    Keywords: Business, Social and Behavioral Sciences, Employees, Knowledge management, Labor force, Strategic planning
    Date: 2018–10–01

This nep-knm issue is ©2019 by Laura Ştefănescu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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