nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2019‒03‒18
five papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Concordance and complementarity in IP instruments By Marco Grazzi; Chiara Piccardo; Cecilia Vergari
  2. Trajectories of Knowledge Economy in SSA and MENA countries By Simplice A. Asongu; Antonio R. Andrés
  3. Formalization and reuse of collaboration experiences in industrial processes By Sofia Meléndez; Thierry Coudert; Laurent Geneste; Juan C. Romero Bejarano; Aymeric De Valroger
  4. Sustainable finance, the good, the bad and the ugly: a critical assessment of the EU institutional framework for the green transition By Lorenzo Esposito; Ettore Giuseppe Gatti; Giuseppe Mastromatteo
  5. Intellectual Property Enforcement, Exports and Productivity: Evidence from China By Huiwen Lai; Keith E. Maskus; Lei Yang

  1. By: Marco Grazzi (DISCE, Università Cattolica); Chiara Piccardo (Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche, Università di Verona); Cecilia Vergari (Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche, Università di Bologna)
    Abstract: This work investigates the relationship between proxies of innovation activities, such as patents and trademarks, and firm performance in terms of revenues and growth. By resorting to the virtual universe of Italian manufacturing firms we provide a rather complete picture of the innovation activities of Italian firms, in terms of patents and trademarks, and we study whether the two instruments for protecting Intellectual Property (IP) exhibit complementarity or substitutability. In addition, and to our knowledge novel, we propose a measure of concordance (or proximity) between the patents and trademarks owned by the same firm and we then investigate whether such concordance appears to exert any effect on performance.
    Keywords: Trademarks, Patents, Innovation, Intellectual Property, Complementarity, Concordance, Technological proximity, Firm performance, Firm growth
    JEL: O31 O34 L25
    Date: 2019–01
  2. By: Simplice A. Asongu (Yaoundé/Cameroon); Antonio R. Andrés (Ostrava, Czech Republic)
    Abstract: In the first critical assessment of knowledge economy dynamic paths in Africa and the Middle East, but for a few exceptions, we find overwhelming support for diminishing cross-country disparities in knowledge-based economy dimensions. The paper employs all the four components of the World Bank’s Knowledge Economy Index (KEI): economic incentives, innovation, education, and information infrastructure. The main finding suggests that sub-Saharan African (SSA) and the Middle East and North African (MENA) countries with low levels of KE dynamics and catching-up their counterparts of higher KE levels. We provide the speeds of integration and time necessary to achieve full (100%) integration. Policy implications are also discussed.
    Keywords: Knowledge economy; Principal component analysis; Panel data; Convergence; Development
    JEL: F42 O10 O38 O57 P00
    Date: 2019–01
  3. By: Sofia Meléndez (AXSENS - AXSENS - AXSENS, LGP - Laboratoire Génie de Production - Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Tarbes); Thierry Coudert; Laurent Geneste (LGP - Laboratoire Génie de Production - Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Tarbes); Juan C. Romero Bejarano (AXSENS - AXSENS - AXSENS); Aymeric De Valroger (AXSENS - AXSENS - AXSENS)
    Abstract: Collaboration is a key factor for carrying out activities in industrial processes and an efficient collaboration is essential to accomplish an overall improvement of any process. In this article, we introduce a collaborative process-modeling framework, which allows evaluating collaboration throughout all the activities of an industrial process. The proposed framework uses experience management notions towards the creation of a repository of collaboration experiences. This experience base facilitates the reuse of past experiences to support decision making for the organization and execution of future collaborations. The article concludes by discussing the contributions and limitations of the proposed collaboration model.
    Keywords: Collaboration,Experience feedback,Knowledge management
    Date: 2018–12–18
  4. By: Lorenzo Esposito (DISCE, Università Cattolica - Banca d’Italia, sede di Milano); Ettore Giuseppe Gatti (DISCE, Università Cattolica); Giuseppe Mastromatteo (DISCE, Università Cattolica)
    Abstract: The transition to a green economy is arguably the most important economic transformation of the next decades. To be completed it requires the mobilization of astounding resources, a flow of technological innovation and a whole series of new rules going from technical standards to financial regulation. Given the resources it needs, the transition, to be credible, requires a full engagement of the financial system. On this regard we analyze the policy set-up of Europe, the most advanced area on the issue. We identify a three-layer functioning of the EU project for transition. The first one (“green products”) is fully compatible with the present financial system. A second layer entails changes in the business model and organization of financial operators but it can be phased in with minor overhauls. Finally, there is a third layer, largely incompatible with the present financial system, yet crucial to achieve transition. We show that, according to the same EU analysis, the transition needs a total change in the financial landscape and therefore it is, rebus sic stantibus, intrinsically unfeasible. We suggest ways to escape the dilemma that connects financial stability and green economy.
    Keywords: climate change, sustainable finance, EU
    JEL: G28 Q54
    Date: 2019–02
  5. By: Huiwen Lai; Keith E. Maskus; Lei Yang
    Abstract: We study how provincial-level enforcement of intellectual property rights (IPRs) affects Chinese firms’ decisions regarding exit, export, and the channels through which to receive technology transfer. Our findings provide insights into how variations in IPRs enforcement alter productivity. Our model combines the standard theory of heterogeneous firms with the endogenous choices of those firms concerning how they absorb international technologies through imitation or licensing. We show that, in this setting, the exit and export cutoff productivities differ from those in the standard environment, leading to a different sorting mechanism. We also predict that stronger IPRs change the decisions firms make concerning their mode of technology transfer, further altering their productivity and export possibilities. Empirical tests based on a comprehensive dataset of Chinese firms from 2000 to 2006 support the model predictions.
    Keywords: Intellectual Property Enforcement, Exports, Firm Heterogeneity
    JEL: D23 F13 F14 O34
    Date: 2018–07

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