nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2019‒02‒11
four papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Universal Intellectual Property Rights: Too Much of a Good Thing? By Auriol, Emmanuelle; Biancini, Sara; Paillacar, Rodrigo
  2. Technology, innovation, and occupational skills in the knowledge society executive summary By Catalano, Ana.
  3. Developing a KM System: SEARCA's Experience By Nova A. Ramos; Maria Monina Cecilia A. Villena; Mariliza V. Ticsay; Maria Celeste H. Cadiz
  4. The distinct effects of information technologies and communication technologies on the age-skill composition of labour demand By Sotiris Blanas

  1. By: Auriol, Emmanuelle; Biancini, Sara; Paillacar, Rodrigo
    Abstract: Developing countries' incentives to protect intellectual property rights (IPR) are studied in a model of vertical innovation. Enforcing IPR boosts export opportunities to advanced economies but slows down technological transfers and incentives to invest in R&D. Asymmetric protection of IPR, strict in the North and lax in the South, leads in many cases to a higher world level of innovation than universal enforcement. IPR enforcement is U-shaped in the relative size of the export market compared to the domestic one: rich countries and small/poor countries enforce IPR, the former to protect their innovations, the latter to access foreign markets, while large emerging countries free-ride on rich countries' technology to serve their internal demand.
    Keywords: Intellectual Property Rights; Innovation; Imitation; Duopoly; Developing Countries
    JEL: F12 F13 F15 L13 O31 O34
    Date: 2019–01
  2. By: Catalano, Ana.
    Date: 2018
  3. By: Nova A. Ramos; Maria Monina Cecilia A. Villena; Mariliza V. Ticsay; Maria Celeste H. Cadiz
    Abstract: The Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture’s (SEARCA) current five-year plan, its tenth, focuses on inclusive and sustainable agricultural and rural development (ISARD), described as a scheme and approach of engaging multiple stakeholders toward improving the well-being of the rural poor through their improved natural resource-based livelihoods along with supportive systems and institutions that contribute to food and nutrition security of the wider population beyond present generations. Along ISARD emphases on environmental sustainability, social inclusion, and institutions and governance, SEARCA as a knowledge managing institution with a capacity building mandate, promotes adaptive and social learning, knowledge sharing and use, and knowledge creation with a deliberate effort to capture, store, and make explicit the tangible knowledges generated by its scholars, researchers, and partners.
    Keywords: KM, SEARCA, Southeast Asia
    Date: 2018
  4. By: Sotiris Blanas (National Bank of Belgium)
    Abstract: This paper is the first to study the distinct effects of Information Technologies (IT) and Communication Technologies (CT) on the skill, age, and age-skill composition of labour demand. The analysis is conducted on a sample comprising 10 developed countries, 30 industries covering the largest part of the economy, and the period 1982-2005. I find that IT intensity increases the relative demands for the high-skilled, low-skilled and oldest workers, while it decreases the relative demands for the medium-skilled and younger workers. Also, IT intensity increases the relative demands for the high-skilled and low-skilled of all age profiles, while it decreases the relative demands for the medium-skilled of all age profiles. CT intensity exerts opposite effects. Consistent with knowledge-based hierarchy theories highlighting the organisational aspect of the adoption of IT and CT by firms, the empowerment of agents at lower and higher levels of the hierarchy induced by IT and CT, respectively, rationalise these findings. I also find that the aforementioned effects operate mostly as of 1990, when the advancement rates of IT and CT were even higher than in the 1980s. Although a clear pattern of disproportionate effects across sectors is not identified, such a pattern across countries does exist: the inequalities generated by the two types of technologies are mitigated by higher union density.
    Keywords: Information Technologies; Communication Technologies; relative labour demand; ageskill profile
    JEL: O33 J21 J23 J24 J31
    Date: 2019–01

This nep-knm issue is ©2019 by Laura Ştefănescu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.