nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2019‒01‒14
five papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Collaborative Knowledge Creation: Evidence from Japanese Patent Data By Tomoya Mori; Shosei Sakaguchi
  2. Advancing Conceptualization of University Entrepreneurship Ecosystems: The Role of Knowledge-based Entrepreneurial Firms By Link, Albert; Sarala, Riikka
  3. A Public Sector Knowledge Production Function By Link, Albert; van Hasselt, Martijn
  4. R&D expenditures - growth nexus in Turkey By Ulger, Ozlem; Uçan, Okyay
  5. The Impacts of Mobile Platform openness on The Knowledge Sharing intention of Third Party Developers By Choi, Goya

  1. By: Tomoya Mori (Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University); Shosei Sakaguchi (Graduate School of Economics, The University of Tokyo)
    Abstract: In this paper, we quantitatively characterize the mechanism of collaborative knowledge creation at the individual researcher level `a la Berliant and Fujita (2008) by using Japanese patent data. The key driver for developing new ideas is found to be the exchange of differentiated knowledge among collaborators. To stay creative, inventors seek opportunities to shift their technological expertise to unexplored niches by utilizing the differentiated knowledge of new collaborators in addition to their own stock of knowledge. In particular, while collaborators’ differentiated knowledge raises all the average cited count, average (technological) novelty and the quantity of patents for which an inventor contributes to the development, it has the largest impact on the average novelty among the three.
    Keywords: Knowledge creation, Collaboration, Differentiated knowledge, Technological novelty, Technological shift, Recombination, Patents, Network, Strategic interactions
    JEL: D83 D85 O31 R11 C33 C36
    Date: 2018–08
  2. By: Link, Albert (University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics); Sarala, Riikka (University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Management)
    Abstract: University entrepreneurship ecosystems are increasingly important in facilitating innovation and entrepreneurial opportunities in today’s knowledge-based economies. However, we have an incomplete understanding of the role of the entrepreneurial firm as the key user of university knowledge. We propose that use of university knowledge positively influences entrepreneurial firm performance and that the entrepreneurial firm’s resource and capabilities facilitate its ability to create value from university knowledge. We test our hypotheses with survey data on knowledge intensive entrepreneurial firms from 10 European countries. Our study contributes to an increased understanding of the economic, societal, and technological contributions of universities by illustrating empirically the role of entrepreneurial firm’s resources and capabilities as moderators of value in university ecosystems.
    Keywords: entrepreneurship; strategic behavior; university-based knowledge; European Union;
    JEL: L26 O31
    Date: 2019–01–04
  3. By: Link, Albert (University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics); van Hasselt, Martijn (University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics)
    Abstract: There are no studies of the R&D-to-patenting relationship at the federal agency level. We estimate a public sector knowledge production function using federal agency patent application data over the years 2003 through 2014. We find that the patent application elasticity with respect to per capita R&D spending is about 1.06. This measure might be interpreted as one dimension of the social returns to public sector R&D generated through newly created knowledge.
    Keywords: Patents; R&D; Knowledge production function; Technology transfer
    JEL: H11 O31 O33
    Date: 2019–01–04
  4. By: Ulger, Ozlem; Uçan, Okyay
    Abstract: Technological development and investment in knowledge seem to be very important in order for countries to demonstrate effective growth performance. The first concept that comes to mind when investing in information is the R&D activities. In the past, efforts to develop in countries for years can be realized within months nowadays and technological developments have rapidly changed and can be worn out in a short period of time. Therefore, it can be said that the information economy is the speed economy. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between R&D expenditures and GDP in Turkey for the period 1996-2014 with the help of VAR analysis. Before the study, it was determined whether the series were stationary by Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF) and Phillips-Peron (PP) unit root tests and it was determined that the variables of GDP and R&D expenditure were stationary in the level values. According to the results of variance decomposition and effect-response functions; It is seen that the effect of GDP changes in Turkey on R&D expenditures is negligible. However, it is seen that R&D expenditures are significantly affected by the changes in GDP. Ülkelerin etkili bir büyüme performansı gösterebilmesi için teknolojik gelişmenin ve bilgiye yatırım yapılmasının oldukça önemli olduğu görülmektedir. Bilgiye yapılan yatırım denilince de ilk akla gelen kavram Ar-Ge faaliyetleridir. Geçmişte ülkelerde yıllarca devam eden gelişme çabaları günümüzde aylar içinde gerçekleşebilmekte ve teknolojik gelişmeler hızlı bir şekilde değişim göstererek kısa bir süre içinde yıpranabilmektedir. Dolayısıyla bilgi ekonomisinin hız ekonomisi olduğu söylenebilir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Türkiye’de 1996-2014 dönemi için Ar-Ge harcamaları ve GSYİH arasındaki ilişkiyi VAR analizi yardımıyla araştırmaktır. Çalışmada önce durağanlığın belirlenmesi için Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF) ve Phillips-Peron (PP) birim kök testiyle serilerin durağan olup olmadıkları belirlenmiş ve GSYİH ile Ar-Ge harcamaları değişkenlerinin seviye değerlerinde durağan oldukları tespit edilmiştir. Varyans ayrıştırma ve etki-tepki fonksiyonlarına ait sonuçlara göre; Türkiye’de GSYİH değişimlerinin Ar-Ge harcamaları üzerinde etkisinin yok denilebilecek kadar az olduğu görülmüştür. Ancak Ar-Ge harcamalarının GSYİH’daki değişimlerden oldukça etkilendiği görülmektedir
    Keywords: R&D Investments, R&D Incentives, Technological Development, Economic Growth, Innovation, AR-GE Yatırımları, AR-GE Teşvikleri, Teknolojik Gelişme, Ekonomik Büyüme, İnovasyon
    JEL: L60
    Date: 2018–04–04
  5. By: Choi, Goya
    Abstract: In mobile platforms, knowledge sharing behaviors of third party developers play a critical role in enhancing generativity of the platform, thereby leading to the success of the platform. Developers can generate new ideas and opportunities and enhance their expertise through knowledge sharing. This paper aims to explain the intention of knowledge sharing among third party developers with the Android case based on theory of reasoned action. The effect of platform openness, which consists of accessibility and controllability, is investigated as a critical motivation of knowledge sharing. Accessibility increases the size and diversity of developer pools and enables efficiency of communication among developers. Controllability enhances the needs of knowledge sharing due to the increase in uncertainty. The results show that platform openness enhances knowledge sharing intentions of developers. In addition, other motivational factors including self-efficacy, reciprocity, reputation, and rivalry are included in the research model, and the results show that self-efficacy and reciprocity stimulate knowledge sharing while a sense of rivalry hinders the knowledge sharing. This paper provides comprehensive framework to enhance understanding of knowledge sharing in the mobile platform context.
    Keywords: Platform openness,Mobile platform,Knowledge sharing,Theory of reasoned action
    Date: 2018

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