nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2019‒01‒07
seven papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Knowledge management strategies, HRM practices and intellectual capital in knowledge-intensive firms By Sokolov, D.; Zavyalova, E.
  2. To the question of knowledge managers' education By Pleshkova, A.; Grinberg, E.
  3. Transformation paths and the multi-scalarity of knowledge bases under Industry 4.0 challenges By Bellandi, Marco; Chaminade, Cristina; Plechero, Monica
  4. Bridging the Digital Divide: Making the Digital Economy Benefit to the Entire Society By Zhang, Bin; Jin, Zhiye; Peng, Zhidao
  5. The Peculiar Features of Human Resourse Management in Agile Ccompanies By Zavyalova, E.; Lisovskaia, A.; Alsufyev, A.; Dominiak, V.; Zamulin, A.; Sokolov, D.
  6. Linked in by foreign direct investment: The role of firm-level relationships in knowledge transfers in Africa and Asia By Carol Newman; John Page; John Rand; Abebe Shimeles; Måns Söderbom; Finn Tarp
  7. Evolution and structure of technological systems - An innovation output network By Josef Taalbi

  1. By: Sokolov, D.; Zavyalova, E.
    Abstract: In this paper, we examine the moderating role of knowledge management strategies of codification and personalization in "HRM – intellectual capital – firm performance" relationship. A survey data from 209 knowledge-intensive companies from Russia demonstrated that knowledge management strategy significantly alters the relationship between company’s HRM practices, intellectual capital and performance. In particular, we found that the more company is oriented towards codification knowledge management strategy, the stronger the positive HRM-performance relationship and the stronger the mediating effect of intellectual capital. However, analyzing decomposed variables of HRM (ability-enhancing, motivation-enhancing and opportunity enhancing) and specific intellectual capital resources (human, social and structural capitals), we found little support to the moderating role of knowledge management strategies in proposed relationships. The paper provides a valuable contribution strategic HRM literature and knowledge-based theory of the firm.
    Keywords: human resource management, knowledge management strategies, intellectual capital, HRM practices, knowledge-intensive firms, Russia,
    Date: 2018
  2. By: Pleshkova, A.; Grinberg, E.
    Abstract: The article is devoted to the identification of key features of training specialists in knowledge management and systematization of information sources available to them. The relevance of the subject is related to the growing need for managerial personnel, capable of organizing work with knowledge at the enterprise in order to achieve competitive advantages. The study examined the definitions associated with the management of knowledge in the foreign and domestic literature, analyzed the number of subjects taught in Russian specialized universities, revealed the predominance of non-formal education over education in universities. The phenomenon of teaching knowledge management within the framework of such related disciplines as information technology and personnel management has been studied. The article also systematizes the trends in which knowledge management projects are implemented. Based on the above specifics, it is suggested that the main driver of the development of non-formal education in this area is the entrepreneurial initiative of experts. The directions in which the contribution of Russian science to the development of knowledge management as a discipline is manifested to a special extent are noted. Such are the spheres of intellectual capital and information technologies. The article will be of interest to researchers and practitioners whose professional interests lie in the field of knowledge management. In conclusion, ways of improving education systems in higher education institutions and non-formal education are proposed to increase the competence of all specialists who work in the field of knowledge management.
    Keywords: knowledge management, knowledge manager, education, lifelong learning,
    Date: 2018
  3. By: Bellandi, Marco (University of Florence); Chaminade, Cristina (Lund University); Plechero, Monica (University of Florence)
    Abstract: This chapter proposes a novel conceptual framework for understanding how different knowledge bases (analytic, synthetic and symbolic) can be accessed and combined at different territorial scales, looking at which mechanisms can be used to favor positive transformation paths in local productive systems. We apply such framework to the role of combinatorial knowledge for sustainable transformation under the impact of global challenges, such as those posed by Industry 4.0 (I4.0). Eventually, case studies reported in the MAKERS project illustrate the multi-scalarity of knowledge bases combined in different paths of industrial transformation addressing models of I4.0 including so-called I4.0+ alternatives.
    Keywords: Combinatorial knowledge bases; internationalization; I4.0; Makers Project; path transformation
    JEL: O19 O30 R11 R12
    Date: 2018–12–13
  4. By: Zhang, Bin; Jin, Zhiye; Peng, Zhidao
    Abstract: With the development of information technology, the connotation of the Digital Divide has evolved constantly. At present, we have entered the new era of "Digital Economy" and newer information technologies such as Big Data, Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things, and Cloud Computing have been widely developed and applied. New technologies should also be included in the measurement of the Digital Divide. At the same time, the physical gap in traditional information technology has been greatly reduced. Under the condition that physical access conditions are similar, the gap in digital technology skills and use is highlighted. Under such circumstances, the measurement of the Digital Divide should be more concerned with Digital Literacy and Digital Experience. Under the background of the Digital Economy, the existence of the Digital Divide means that there is a huge first-mover advantage for the party at a more advanced position. Countries, regions and communities with faster information development will be able to use information dividends promptly to promote their own economic development. However, the party that is far lagging behind will have fewer opportunities to participate in the information-based Digital Economy. At the same time that economic development is at a disadvantage, because under the new economy condition, more work and social activities are closely related to information technology, therefore, opportunities for the information poor to participate in online education, training, entertainment, shopping and communication have also become fewer, and these have exacerbated social inequalities. In this study, qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis were used to study the Digital Divide evaluation system in the era of Digital Economy. In the qualitative part of this article, we summarize the definition of Digital Economy, the definition of Digital Divide and the measurement theory of regional Digital Divide by studying the literature, laying a solid theoretical foundation for the research of this article. Starting from the six aspects of Digital Technology Infrastructure, ICT Readiness, Economy Development, Government Innovation Support, Education and Digital Literature, Digital Contents and Applications, we put forward research hypotheses and build the corresponding evaluation system model. In the quantitative research part of this paper, empirical research methods were used to verify the hypothesis and model. Among them, through a large amount of domestic research data collected from China Statistical Yearbook, with SPSS statistical analysis software to process the data, this paper proposes a complete index system of informatization and Digital Divide evaluation in the Digital Economy era and weights distribution for the system, using Factor Analysis, Analytic Hierarchy Process and Expert Interview Methods. On this basis, this article understands the current situation of informatization development and regional Digital Divide by the calculation of the index. Through the Clustering Analysis and Average Deviation Analysis, we analyze the causes of the Digital Divide formation, understand the gap of regional informatization and digital development, and find the weakness in digital development. Then, we put forward some suggestions that can effectively improve bridging the Digital Divide to solve the "information gap", "knowledge division" and "rich and poor division" between regions due to the development and application level gap. It provides reference for bridging the Digital Divide and promoting regional information, economic and cultural balanced development. This will enable digital technology to be more utilized in the process of promoting the development of the Digital Economy. Giving full play to the connectivity of the Internet will allow the Digital Economy to benefit more regions and enhance the well-being of the entire society.
    Keywords: Digital Divide,Digital Economy,Evaluation Index System,Policy Suggestion
    Date: 2018
  5. By: Zavyalova, E.; Lisovskaia, A.; Alsufyev, A.; Dominiak, V.; Zamulin, A.; Sokolov, D.
    Abstract: Agile philosophy describes a set of values and principles that are based on collaborative effort of self-organizing cross-functional teams. Nowadays agile approach is widely used and it requires the introduction of methods that are different from traditional management and traditional human resource practices. However, the questions how modern companies utilize HRM practices in order to address challenges of agile philosophy are not fully answered.
    Keywords: agile, human resource management, agile-hr,
    Date: 2018
  6. By: Carol Newman; John Page; John Rand; Abebe Shimeles; Måns Söderbom; Finn Tarp
    Abstract: This study combines evidence from interviews in seven countries with (i) government institutions responsible for attracting foreign direct investment (FDI), (ii) 102 multinational enterprises (MNEs), and (iii) 226 domestic firms linked to these foreign affiliates as suppliers, customers, or competitors. The purpose of the interviews was to identify whether relations between MNEs and domestic firms lead to direct transfers of knowledge/technology. We first document that there are relatively few linkages between MNEs and domestic firms in sub-Saharan Africa compared with Asia. However, when linkages are present in sub-Saharan Africa, they raise the likelihood of direct knowledge/technology transfers from MNEs to domestic firms as compared with linked-in firms in Asia. Finally, we do not find that direct knowledge/technology transfers are more likely to occur via FDI than through trade. As such, our results are not consistent with the view that tacit knowledge transfers are more likely to occur through localized linkages.
    Date: 2018
  7. By: Josef Taalbi
    Abstract: This study examines the network of supply and use of significant innovations across industries in Sweden, 1970-2013. It is found that 30% of innovation patterns can be predicted by network stimulus from backward and forward linkages. The network is hierarchical, characterized by hubs that connect diverse industries in closely knitted communities. To explain the network structure, a preferential weight assignment process is proposed as an adaptation of the classical preferential attachment process to weighted directed networks. The network structure is strongly predicted by this process where historical technological linkages and proximities matter, while human capital flows and economic input-output flows have conflicting effects on link formation. The results are consistent with the idea that innovations emerge in closely connected communities, but suggest that the transformation of technological systems are shaped by technological requirements, imbalances and opportunities that are not straightforwardly related to other proximities.
    Date: 2018–11

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