nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2018‒11‒05
five papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Collaborative Knowledge Creation: Evidence from Japanese patent data By MORI Tomoya; SAKAGUCHI Shosei
  2. Labor Market Returns to Education and English Language Skills in the People's Republic of China: An Update By Asadullah, Niaz; Xiao, Saizi
  3. Digital Innovation Hubs in Smart Specialisation Strategies By Gabriel Rissola; Jens Sorvik
  4. Innovation in Croatian Organizations as a Tool for Improvement of National Competitiveness By Pureta, Igor; Pureta, Tanja
  5. Improving university students? entrepreneurial knowledge and skills By Ahmad Yaghoubi Farani; Atieh Soleymani

  1. By: MORI Tomoya; SAKAGUCHI Shosei
    Abstract: In this paper, we quantitatively characterize the mechanism of collaborative knowledge creation at the individual researcher level a la Berliant and Fujita (2008) by using Japanese patent data. The key driver for developing new ideas is found to be the exchange of differentiated knowledge among collaborators. To stay creative, inventors seek opportunities to shift their technological expertise to unexplored niches by utilizing the differentiated knowledge of new collaborators in addition to their own stock of knowledge. In particular, while collaborators' differentiated knowledge raises the average cited count, average (technological) novelty, and the quantity of patents for which an inventor contributes to the development, it has the largest impact on the average novelty among the three.
    Date: 2018–10
  2. By: Asadullah, Niaz (University of Malaya); Xiao, Saizi (University of Malaya)
    Abstract: We re-examine the economic returns to education in the People's Republic of China (PRC) using data from the China General Social Survey 2010. We find that the conventional ordinary least squares estimate of returns to schooling is 7.8%, while the instrumental variable estimate is 20.9%. The gains from schooling rise sharply with higher levels of education. The estimated returns are 12.2% in urban provinces and 10.7% in coastal provinces, higher than in rural and inland areas. In addition, the wage premium for workers with good English skills (speaking and listening) is 30%. These results are robust to controls for height, body weight, and English language skills, and to corrections for sample-selection bias. Our findings, together with a critical review of existing studies, confirm the growing significance of human capital as a determinant of labor market performance in post-reform PRC.
    Keywords: endogeneity bias, language skills, schooling, health
    JEL: J30
    Date: 2018–09
  3. By: Gabriel Rissola (European Commission - JRC); Jens Sorvik
    Abstract: This report examines the synergetic place-based relationships of Digital Innovation Hubs (DIH) and Smart Specialisation Strategies (S3) in selected European regions, with DIHs being the policy outcome of a S3 process or an active actor participating in S3 entrepreneurial discovery processes (EDP) and implementing parts of a S3. By supporting the digitisation of the local industry DIHs also enhance the regional innovation ecosystem, either with the provision of horizontal digitalisation support or by leading a S3 priority area. One clear role of DIHs is to make available support easier to find for local SMEs and industry. DIHs work according to different business models and a targeted funding mix plus a matrix of different funding instruments for the digital transformation of SMEs are required for their sustainability. The report compiles 7 relevant examples (1 national and 6 regional).
    Keywords: Digital Innovation Hubs, DIH, Smart Specialisation Strategies, S3, RIS3, digital growth, digital transformation, digitisation, industry, SME, regional policy, regional cases
    Date: 2018–10
  4. By: Pureta, Igor; Pureta, Tanja
    Abstract: It is in the interest of companies and the overall economy to create favorable conditions for the implementation of innovation activities. For an organization to operate successfully and survive in the modern market, characterized by rapid changes, it is important to continually examine all aspects of business, constantly innovate them, and successfully adapt to new requirements. As the success and innovation of the organization depends on successful and innovative employees, the aim of this study was to determine the extent to which innovation has become implemented in Croatian organizations, how employees feel involved in innovative thinking about business, how much they care about it, and what the key factors are that promote or hinder the development of an innovative climate. The purpose of this study was to understand current business practices and attitudes of employees at different management levels, to understand innovation in the organizations that they work, and to devise various measures for improvement which are in line with modern scientific theories and can be used to encourage Croatian national competitiveness.
    Keywords: innovation, competitive advantage, transformational leadership,organizational performance
    JEL: J24 O15 O31
    Date: 2017–03
  5. By: Ahmad Yaghoubi Farani (Bu-Ali Sina University); Atieh Soleymani (Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran)
    Abstract: Entrepreneurship oriented education would help university graduates find a job or start a new career. That is why universities try to manage entrepreneurship education in order to improve entrepreneurial knowledge and skills of students. In Iran, universities focused on entrepreneurship education during last decades. The main purpose of this article was to investigate how universities can play an effective role in entrepreneurial education in order to improve entrepreneurial knowledge and skills of their students. In this survey, a group of 110 academics out of an access population (N=382) of Bu-Ali Sina academic staff (Hamedan province, IRAN) were randomly selected. A questionnaire was designed and then validated asking a panel of experts for their comments. Reliability of the instrument calculated to be 0.90 in alpha Cronbach?s scale. Results of the enquiry indicated that cooperation of universities with other local organizations (like outreach programs), elaborately directed apprenticeship courses, up-to- date educational content (in response to cutting edge technologies) and use of creativity- focused methods of teaching were mentioned to be the most effective ways for enhancing entrepreneurial knowledge and skills of students. Based on exploratory factor analysis, a number of activities such as informing and motivating toward entrepreneurship, career education and Curriculum revitalization proved to be the most influential factors for improving students? entrepreneurship knowledge and skills. At the End, some recommendation was introduced for universities in planning and implementing entrepreneurship education program.
    Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurship Education, Entrepreneurial Knowledge, Entrepreneurial Skills.
    Date: 2018–07

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