nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2018‒10‒22
three papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. The Role of Novelty-Seeking Traits in Contemporary Knowledge Creation By Gören, Erkan
  2. Green Technology and Patents in the Presence of Green Consumers By Langinier, Corinne; Ray Chaudhuri, Amrita
  3. Knowledge Spillover in China: A Firm Level Study By Xu, Shicong; Sam, Abdoul G.

  1. By: Gören, Erkan
    Abstract: This paper hypothesizes and empirically establishes the persistent effects of novelty-seeking traits on cross-country differences in scientific knowledge creation. I use data on the prevalence of specific allele variants of the human DRD4 exon III gene, which population geneticists have linked to the human phenotype of novelty-seeking behavior to examine its relationship to scientific knowledge creation in society. The results suggest a positive and statistically significant linear relationship between both outcomes that is consistent with the hypothesis that the prevalence of novelty-seeking traits in society facilitates scientific knowledge creation through beneficial human behaviors related to risk-taking and explorative behavior. The empirical findings remain qualitatively unaffected when controlling for additional historical, biogeographical, and socioeconomic factors that appear as additional important determinants in the creation of scientific knowledge in society.
    Keywords: DRD4 Exon III,Novelty-Seeking Traits,Entrepreneurial Activity,Knowledge Creation,Technological Progress,Economic Development,Natural Selection,Genetic Diversity
    JEL: N70 O30 O50 Z10 N70 O30 O50 Z10
    Date: 2018
  2. By: Langinier, Corinne (University of Alberta, Department of Economics); Ray Chaudhuri, Amrita (University of Winnipeg)
    Abstract: We develop a theoretical framework to investigate the impact of patent policies and emission taxes on green innovation that reduces the emission output ratio, and on the emission level. In the absence of green consumers, the introduction of patents results in a paradox whereby increasing emission tax beyond a certain threshold leads to a discrete increase in the emission level, which may be avoided by reducing the patenting cost. In the presence of green consumers, this paradox is restricted to an intermediate range of tax rates, and at sufficiently high tax rates, reducing the patenting cost may increase the emission level. Also, higher emission taxes increase green investment only if the fraction of green consumers is sufficiently small, and the magnitude of this effect decreases as this fraction increases. Moreover, a stricter patentability requirement is only effective at reducing emissions if the fraction of green consumers is sufficiently small.
    Keywords: Patent; Clean Technologies; Environmentally Friendly Consumers; Rebound Effect
    JEL: L13 O34 Q50
    Date: 2018–10–18
  3. By: Xu, Shicong; Sam, Abdoul G.
    Keywords: Rural/Community Development, Productivity Analysis and Emerging Technologies, Agribusiness Economics and Management
    Date: 2018–06–20

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