nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2018‒10‒01
three papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Collaborative knowledge creation: Evidence from Japanese patent data By Mori, Tomoya; Sakaguchi, Shosei
  2. Do Incentives matter for Knowledge Diffusion? Experimental Evidence from Uganda. By Sseruyange, J.; Bulte, E.
  3. The Cycle of recycling and sustainable development. Evidence from the OECD Countries By Pedro Cerqueira; Elias Soukiazis; Sara Proença

  1. By: Mori, Tomoya; Sakaguchi, Shosei
    Abstract: In this paper, we quantitatively characterize the mechanism of collaborative knowledge creation at the individual researcher level a la Berliant and Fujita(2008) by using Japanese patent data. The key driver for developing new ideas is found to be the exchange of differentiated knowledge among collaborators. To stay creative, inventors seek opportunities to shift their technological expertise to unexplored niches by utilizing the differentiated knowledge of new collaborators in addition to their own stock of knowledge. In particular, while collaborators' differentiated knowledge raises all the average cited count, average (technological) novelty and the quantity of patents for which an inventor contributes to the development, it has the largest impact on the average novelty among the three.
    Keywords: Knowledge creation, Collaboration, Differentiated knowledge, Technological novelty, Technological shift, Recombination, Patents, Network, Strategic interactions
    JEL: C33 C36 D83 D85 O31 R11
    Date: 2018–08–29
  2. By: Sseruyange, J.; Bulte, E.
    Abstract: Many development interventions involve training of beneficiaries, based on the assumption that knowledge and skills will spread “automatically” among a wider target population. However, diffusion of knowledge (or innovations) can be slow and incomplete. We use a randomized field experiment in Uganda to assess the impact of providing incentives for knowledge diffusion, and pay trained individuals a fee if they share knowledge obtained during a financial literacy training. Our main results are that incentives increase knowledge sharing, and that it may be cost-effective to provide such incentives. We also document an absence of assortative matching in the social learning process.
    Keywords: International Development, Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies
    Date: 2018–07
  3. By: Pedro Cerqueira (CeBER - Centre for Business and Economics Research); Elias Soukiazis (CeBER - Centre for Business and Economics Research); Sara Proença (CERNAS/ESAC, Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra)
    Abstract: The aim of this study is to analyse the circular linkages between recycling and economic development, where renewable energy plays an additional role in this process. We use a two-equation model, which describes a cumulative causation process with feedback effects, where recycling (among other growth inducing factors) is assumed to be important for sustainable economic development (given by the Human Development Index) and vice-versa. The system of simultaneous equations is estimated by 3sls, both in a static form and introducing dynamics into the model, for a panel of 28 OECD countries over the period 2004-2015. The empirical evidence suggests a strong relationship between the economic development level and the recycling rate with feedback effects, supporting the idea of a circular cumulative causation process driven mostly by higher human capital skills and, to a lesser extent, by innovation. Atmospheric pollution also stimulates the recycling process.
    Keywords: recycling, economic development, simultaneous equation system, panel data.
    JEL: C51 F43 O44 Q56

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