nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2018‒09‒03
four papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Knowledge convergence in European regions: Towards cohesion? By Akcomak, Semih; Erdil, Erkan; Cetinkaya, Umut Yılmaz
  2. Intellectual Property Rights and Foreign Technology Licensing in Developing Countries: An Empirical Investigation By Gentile, Elisabetta
  3. Entrepreneurship and Knowledge Spillovers from the Public Sector By Audretsch, David; Link, Albert
  4. Knowledge intensive business services and urban areas: an analysis of localization and productivity on Italian data By valter di Giacinto; Giacinto Micucci; Alessandro Tosoni

  1. By: Akcomak, Semih (UNU-MERIT, and Middle East Technical University); Erdil, Erkan (Middle East Technical University); Cetinkaya, Umut Yılmaz (Middle East Technical University)
    Abstract: In a knowledge economy, it is interesting to see that the concept of knowledge cohesion is a fertile soil for research. Despite the ongoing interest in investigating whether economic cohesion has been achieved in Europe there is no research that looks at knowledge cohesion. Though it is difficult to investigate such an abstract concept one can look at a more concrete concept such as convergence. Using the European Union Framework Programme data from 1984 to 2016 and simple network analysis and regressions we show that there are signs of knowledge convergence within the NUTS2 regions of Europe. Despite the fact that the top performers persist over the years convergence is much stronger among the less developed regions.
    Keywords: knowledge, convergence, cohesion, diffusion, Europe
    JEL: D83 O33 R11
    Date: 2018–06–21
  2. By: Gentile, Elisabetta (Asian Development Bank)
    Abstract: The paper addresses the question of whether expanded and strengthened protection of intellectual property (IP) fosters technology transfer to developing countries. Cross-sectional analysis of a representative sample of firms operating in 42 developing economies indicates that going from no IP protection to maximum IP protection is associated with a 65% increase in the predicted probability of licensing foreign technology for the subpopulation of affiliated firms, whereas the predicted probability is not significantly different from zero for unaffiliated firms. We also find evidence that the environment in which a firm operates moderates the relationship of IP protection and firm-level technology licensing: while going from no IP protection to maximum IP protection is associated with a 47% increase in the predicted probability of licensing foreign technology for firms operating in upper-middle-income countries, there is at best no significant correlation for firms operating in lower-middle-income and lowincome countries.
    Keywords: developing countries; intellectual property rights; technology licensing; TRIPS Agreement
    JEL: L24 O14 O19 O34
    Date: 2017–07–31
  3. By: Audretsch, David (Indiana University); Link, Albert (University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics)
    Abstract: A compelling body of research has found that investments in knowledge from other firms and universities spill over to enhance the performance of entrepreneurial firms. This literature has shown that firm performance is positively related to investments in new knowledge by other firms and research universities. This paper addresses a gap in the literature by positing that public sector knowledge is also conducive to enhancing performance by knowledge intensive entrepreneurial (KIE) firms. Our findings suggest that the public sector provides a fertile source of knowledge for enhancing KIE firm performance.
    Keywords: entrepreneurship; performance; knowledge spillovers; public sector
    JEL: H41 L26
    Date: 2018–08–22
  4. By: valter di Giacinto (Bank of Italy); Giacinto Micucci (Bank of Italy); Alessandro Tosoni (Bank of Italy)
    Abstract: We analyse the geographic localization and the productivity of knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS) in Italy, using both census data and balance-sheet data at the firm level. We find that KIBS are generally agglomerated in urban areas where they attain significantly higher labour productivity levels. Urban productivity advantages are found to be strongly associated with the local availability of human capital and to standard proxies of Marshall-Arrow-Romer and Jacobs agglomeration economies. Forward demand linkages and some factors impacting on the thickness of the local labour market also appear to be relevant. On the whole, the set of explanatory factors considered could explain the entire urban productivity premium estimated for Italian KIBS firms.
    Keywords: knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS); urban areas; agglomeration economies.
    JEL: J24 L84 R30
    Date: 2018–07

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