nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2018‒08‒13
three papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. The Dynamics of Technology Transfer in a Catching-up Innovation System: Empirical Evidence and Actor Perceptions from the Estonian Biotechnology Sector By Margit Kirs; Veiko Lember; Erkki Karo
  2. Qualification and Certification – Tools to Increase Employment Case Study: Mechanization of Processes Involved in The Fabrication By Mergeani, Nicea; Savu, Ionel Dănuț
  3. New Technological Knowledge, Rural and Urban Agriculture, and Steady State Economic Growth By Batabyal, Amitrajeet; Kourtit, Karima; Nijkamp, Peter

  1. By: Margit Kirs; Veiko Lember; Erkki Karo
    Abstract: Based on the case studies from the Estonian biotechnology sector, we explore the development trajectories of academic business ventures in a country where the formal and linear model of technology transfer and commercialization have been at the core of the innovation policy, but the exploitation and diffusion of knowledge generated through formal university-industry linkages has remained limited. We show that even in the area of biotechnology, where one could expect this model of technology transfer to be most visible, the model is not functioning in practice and the policy has had limited impact. The more systemic evolutionary approach to innovation and knowledge diffusion seems to better grasp the contextual aspects of technology transfer in catching-up context, while also providing more informative input for policy-making.
    Date: 2017–11
  2. By: Mergeani, Nicea; Savu, Ionel Dănuț
    Abstract: Qualification of personnel is a complex transformation of the workforce, which could be employed personnel, unemployed people or young graduates of EQF3 or EQF4 education system. Qualification is followed by certification, which is tool that is able to redraw the position of the workforce on the labour market, in full respect to the technical developments: mechanization, automation and robot. The paper presents the main elements related to the accessing of the qualification processes, taking as case study the situation of the welders who are replaced by mechanized devices. The welder becomes an operator and he is forced to access new qualification system, in order to receive the knowledge, the abilities and the competences which are necessary for the operating of the device. The structure of such qualification system is considered to be: definition of the qualification, access conditions, the curriculum for the training, examination conditions of the trained personnel and the type of the diploma to be offered to the trainee who passed the exams.
    Keywords: qualification of personnel (J2); competences (J2); conversion welder – welding operator (J2); reduce unemployment (J6); qualification system structure; structural unemployment (J6)
    JEL: J2 J6
    Date: 2018–03
  3. By: Batabyal, Amitrajeet; Kourtit, Karima; Nijkamp, Peter
    Abstract: We analyze the growth effects over space arising from the adoption of new agricultural technology in a rural-urban setting. We use a dynamic model to study the impacts of technology and learning on the steady state growth rates of rural and urban regions that produce agricultural goods. New applications of agricultural technologies are tested and adopted in the rural region and they are gradually learned by the urban region. Our analysis leads to four results. First, we determine the steady state growth rate of agricultural output per worker in the rural region. Second, we define an urban to rural region agricultural technology knowledge ratio, analyze its stability properties, and then use this ratio to compute the steady state growth rate of agricultural output per worker in the urban region. Third, for specific parameter values, we study the ratio of agricultural output per worker in the urban to the rural region when both regions have converged to their balanced growth paths. Finally, we discuss the policy implications of our analysis.
    Keywords: Economic Growth, Learning, Rural Region, Technology, Urban Region
    JEL: O18 Q16 R11
    Date: 2018–01–20

This nep-knm issue is ©2018 by Laura Ştefănescu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.