nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2018‒05‒28
four papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. The Problem of Differential Absorption Capacity in the Processes of Joint Knowledge Production in Alliances By Lyasko, Alexander
  2. Obstacles to innovation and external sourcing of knowledge: Evidence for German and Spanish firms By Mery Patricia Tamayo; Estefanía Gómez; Elena Huergo
  3. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice of Drivers Towards Traffic Rules and Regulations in Multan, Pakistan By Ishrat Riaz; Samia Shahid
  4. Building up knowledge in rural places By Hafdís Björg Hjálmarsdóttir; Vera Kristín Kristjánsdóttir

  1. By: Lyasko, Alexander (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA))
    Abstract: In interfirm strategic alliances that pursue their objectives in complex technological environment, the discrepancy in partners’ absorptive capacity (that is, their ability to discern, digest, recombine and practically apply novel knowledge, ideas and know-how coming from external sources) can seriously hamper the processes of mutual learning and collective knowledge creation. Therefore, partners should learn how to bridge these differences, simultaneously protecting intellectual property rights and valuable knowledge belonging to each participant in strategic collaborative projects.
    Date: 2018–04
  2. By: Mery Patricia Tamayo; Estefanía Gómez; Elena Huergo
    Abstract: The goal of this research is to empirically study the relationship between obstacles perceived by companies to carrying out their innovation activities and their decisions about external sourcing of knowledge through the outsourcing of R&D or technological cooperation. Using information on German and Spanish companies from the year 2010, we obtain that in both countries this association is positive, and that companies that assign greater importance to factors that impede their innovation activities are also more likely to engage in external sourcing of knowledge. This relationship seems to be especially strong in companies that do not engage in internal R&D activities or do so sporadically, while it is much weaker in companies that perform internal R&D continuously. Nonetheless, the importance that companies assign to the market power of established companies as a barrier to innovation is positively associated with technological cooperation especially in continuous R&D performers.
    Keywords: Obstacles to innovation, outsourcing, technological cooperation
    JEL: L2 O3 O57
    Date: 2018–05–16
  3. By: Ishrat Riaz (The Women University Multan, Pakistan); Samia Shahid (GC University Lahore, Pakistan)
    Abstract: Traffic rules are an important agenda for the developing countries and the situation has become worsened particularly in Pakistan. Most of the road accidents are resulting due to lack of knowledge, negative attitudes and risky practices of drivers towards traffic rules and regulations. To highlight the knowledge, attitude and practices of professional drivers towards traffic rules, this research work was initiated. The objective of research was to determine and explore the knowledge, attitudes and practice towards traffic regulations of professional drivers in Multan (Punjab), Pakistan, also to acquire the relationship between demographic features, Knowledge, attitudes and practices of professional drivers towards traffic rules. Emphasis had also been given to the primary data generation and allied aspects such as construction of the data gathering instrument (Questionnaire), content management, sampling, execution, testing and refinement of the instrument for getting hold of the quality data which ultimately determines quality of the ultimate research. The study explored that many of professional drivers in Multan (Pakistan) had inadequate knowledge, less positive attitudes and risky practices towards traffic regulations. Implementation of effective and standard intervention programs may increase the driver’s knowledge, positive attitudes and safe practices towards traffic rules and regulations.
    Keywords: Road Accidents, Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, Professional Drivers, Demographic Features, Traffic Rules and Regulations, Multan Pakistan
    Date: 2018–03
  4. By: Hafdís Björg Hjálmarsdóttir (University of Akureyri); Vera Kristín Kristjánsdóttir (Akureyri University)
    Abstract: For over 70 years, there was only one university in Iceland, located in Reykjavík the capital of Iceland. Therefore, for anyone wanting to go to university the only option was to move to Reykjavík or attend a university in a foreign. That changed in the year of 1987 with the establishment of Akureyri University. Akureyri University, located in the northern region of Iceland, has been instrumental in the economic growth of the region and a key factor in building up knowledge in rural places in Iceland. In the recent years, Akureyri University has developed teaching methods to be able to offer blended learning and distance learning study programmes. Now it possible for students all over the country to seek and get education wherever they may be located. The University of Akureyri has now around 2.000 students. Majority, about two thirds, of the students are off-campus students, using the technology to access their studies, their lectures, their classes and so on. Majority of these students are located in Iceland but about 5% of them are located outside of Iceland. A qualitative research was done among several former students of Akureyri University in rural areas in Iceland. The aim was to study the impact of knowledge building and edification in the rural societies in Iceland. In this presentation the main finding of this research will be explained and the role of Akureyri University in building up knowledge in the rural parts of Iceland discussed. Technology has changed the ways of teaching and the university is now aiming to make all of the studies flexible and independent of time and space.
    Keywords: education in rural places, distance learning, impact of education on rural societies
    Date: 2018–04

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