nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2018‒05‒14
four papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Green Technologies and Smart Specialisation Strategies: A European Patent-Based Analysis of the Intertwining of Technological Relatedness and Key-Enabling-Technologies. By Sandro Montresor; Francesco Quatraro,
  2. The Locus of Knowledge Externalities and the Cost of Knowledge. By Antonelli, Cristiano; Colombelli, Alessandra
  3. Intergenerational sharing of knowledge in communities of practice: A theoretical framework. By Nabila Benmostefa; Nabila Benmsotefa
  4. Beyond technology: Towards sustainability through behavioral transitions By Bodenheimer, Miriam

  1. By: Sandro Montresor; Francesco Quatraro, (University of Turin)
    Abstract: This paper investigates the move of regions towards sustainable growth through their specialisation in new green technologies. In particular, we analyse the role that smart specialisation strategies (S3) can have in this respect by addressing two research questions. First of all, we investigate whether the environmental diversification of regional technologies is, according to the S3 logic, driven by their “relatedness” to existing knowledge of green and non-green nature. Second, we analyse the role of the Key Enabling Technologies (KETs) that S3 policies recommend regions to prioritise, not only in fostering the adoption of environmental technologies, but also in affecting its dependence on the pre-existing knowledge-base. Combining regional patent and economic data for a 34-year panel (1980-2013) of 180 European regions, we find that the relatedness to the existing technological-base of the region actually makes the acquisition of a new green-tech specialisation more probable. This holds true with respect to both the green and non-green extant knowledge, pointing to a regional diversification that also benefits from the “hybridisation” of non-environmental technologies. The latter however requires a higher degree of relatedness than a “pure” green branching process. Regional KETs also help the transition towards sustainable technologies. What is more, they negatively moderate the green impact of the relatedness to pre-existing technologies, of both green and non-green nature, and thus attenuate the boundaries the latter could pose to regions in their environmental specialisation. These results confirm that S3 policies can actually boost the intertwining of a smart and sustainable kind of growth, and that the KETs inclusion within S3 can amplify the virtuous interaction between these two objectives.
    Date: 2018–04
  2. By: Antonelli, Cristiano; Colombelli, Alessandra (University of Turin)
    Abstract: This paper provides an extended CDM approach to analyse jointly the simultaneous effects of knowledge spillovers in the knowledge generation function and in the technology production function. It introduces the distinction between imitation and knowledge externalities and articulates the hypothesis that spillovers yield their effects via three well distinct mechanisms: i) knowledge externalities that exert positive and direct effects on the knowledge production function, and ii) indirect effects on the technology production function via their effects on the cost of knowledge; iii) imitation externalities exert direct and positive effects on productivity in the technology production function. We test our hypotheses on a large panel of Italian companies distributed in the NUTS2 regions for the period 2005 – 2009. The econometric analysis consists in a model comprising a system of equations that test the simultaneous role of spillovers in the knowledge generation function and the technology production function with the inclusion of endogenous knowledge costs. The results confirm that the access to external knowledge – as an input in the knowledge generation function – plays a key role in increasing the knowledge output and – as an input in the technology production function – has positive indirect and direct effects on the productivity of firms.
    Date: 2017–06
  3. By: Nabila Benmostefa (LEST - Laboratoire d'économie et de sociologie du travail - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Nabila Benmsotefa
    Abstract: L'organisation dispose d'un patrimoine de connaissances accumulé durant des années d'exercice. De nos jours, le phénomène du vieillissement démographique prend de plus en plus d'ampleur dans les sociétés modernes et occasionne lors du départ des personnes expérimentées à la retraite, un risque de perte massive des connaissances souvent stratégiques. Dès lors, la transmission intergénérationnelle des connaissances pourrait être en mesure de répondre à cette problématique afin de protéger l'entreprise d'un déficit de connaissances à travers la mise en place des communautés de pratique. La littérature sur la transmission intergénérationnelle des connaissances au sein de ces communautés de pratique reste peu abondante et mérite donc des approfondissements.
    Date: 2017–06–12
  4. By: Bodenheimer, Miriam
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to present a heterodox and heuristic model to analyze what we will call behavioral transitions to sustainability (BTS), using a combination of the Multi-Level Perspective (MLP), Dialectic Issue Lifecycles (DILC) and two behavioral models. With strong roots in science and technology studies, transition theories like the MLP approach have to date had a strong focus on technological transitions. However, in the context of sustainability transitions, which often require a change in behavior (Kemp, van Lente 2011), technological innovations are not always an effective solution (Lachman 2013). Particularly in the context of social sustainability, which so far has been neglected in the field of sustainability transitions, the focus of transitions needs to be first and foremost on changing attitudes, behaviors and the criteria used for decision-making, rather than on changing the technology employed, both on the part of producers and consumers (Lachman 2013). The focus in BTS is therefore on social innovations that involve changing existing behaviors to address specific sustainability issues.
    Date: 2018

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