nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2018‒03‒12
four papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. A Bibliometric Analysis of the Knowledge Exchange Patterns between Major Technology and Innovation Management Journals (1999-2013) By Shikhar Sarin; Christophe Haon; Mustapha Belkhouja
  2. Absorptive Capacity and Firms’ Generation of Innovation - Revisiting Zahra and George’s Model By Dina Pereira; João Leitão
  3. Spatial perspectives on knowledge brokers: Evidence from Brussels By Nicola Francesco Dotti; André Spithoven
  4. Innovations in digital government as business facilitators: implications for Portugal By João Martins; Linda Veiga

  1. By: Shikhar Sarin (Boise State University); Christophe Haon (GEM - Grenoble Ecole de Management - Grenoble École de Management (GEM), IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - USMB [Université de Savoie] [Université de Chambéry] - Université Savoie Mont Blanc); Mustapha Belkhouja (MTS - Management Technologique et Strategique - Grenoble École de Management (GEM))
    Abstract: This essay takes a longitudinal look at the knowledge flow patterns between major technology and innovation man- agement (TIM) journals and the effect on their impact factors. We analyze the flow of 29,776 citations from 4171 articles published in the top six dedicated TIM journals between 1999 and 2013. Findings indicate one subset of journals becoming more firmly rooted in the TIM domain, while the others becoming increasingly insulated from it. JPIM displays peculiar knowledge flow patterns, suggesting a broadening of its knowledge base and impact. Our bibliometric analysis provides one of the most comprehensive and detailed year-by-year looks at the intradomain knowledge exchange patterns over a 15-year period.
    Date: 2018
  2. By: Dina Pereira (University of Beira Interior (UBI), UBImedical, CEG-IST, University of Lisbon); João Leitão (University of Beira Interior (UBI), CEG-IST, University of Lisbon & C-MAST, UBI, Instituto Multidisplinar de Empresa, Universidad de Salamanca)
    Abstract: The firm’s absorptive capacity triggers its propensity to capture external knowledge, spurred by internal levers and cooperation liaisons, stimulating innovativeness. This paper revisits Zahra and George’s model of absorptive capacity and others, analysing the firm’s internal and liaison factors that affect its absorptive capacity, in order to predict their influence on innovation. Being the firm an open system, managers acknowledging such effects can design a more efficient open innovation business model in order to generate more innovation. We analyse firm-level internal indicators measuring firm’s absorptive capacity and a set of liaison factors, using a Portuguese sample of 571 service firms and 562 manufacturing firms that participated in the European Community Innovation Survey (CIS), 2010. Results reveal that internal R&D, acquisition of external R&D, acquisition of external knowledge (i.e., equipment, software, licenses and employee training) affect firms' generation of innovation, according to the different sub-samples, which provides several implications for science and innovation policy.
    Keywords: Absorptive Capacity; Innovation; Liaisons; Internal and External Knowledge
    JEL: M20 M21 L25 L26 O32
    Date: 2018–02
  3. By: Nicola Francesco Dotti; André Spithoven
    Abstract: Knowledge brokers have emerged as a new type of actors shaping scientific production, influencing science–policy relationships, and thereby contributing to regional competitiveness. Yet, the spatial dimension of these knowledge brokers has received little attention. Using Framework Programme participations in European cities, we analyse and discuss the location strategy of knowledge brokers, highlighting the importance of co-location with the funding source. Our findings show that knowledge brokers are clustered in Brussels, and not elsewhere, to be closer to the European Commission in order to access strategic, informal and tacit information, while contributing to the construction of transnational R&D networks. While this ‘local buzz’ has positive side effects on the regional innovation system of Brussels; knowledge brokers emerge as a new type of spatially clustered actors shaping the distribution of EU funding for ‘European knowledge pipelines’.
    Keywords: Brussels; Europe; Framework Programme; Knowledge brokers; local buzz
    Date: 2017–10
  4. By: João Martins (University of Minho and NIPE, Escola de Economia e Gestão; United Nations University-Operating Unit on Policy Driven Electronic Governance (UNU-EGOV)); Linda Veiga (University of Minho and NIPE, Escola de Economia e Gestão; United Nations University-Operating Unit on Policy Driven Electronic Governance (UNU-EGOV))
    Abstract: Administrative and regulatory burden reduction is considered nowadays a priority to improve governmental efficiency and economic competitiveness. Innovations in government through Information Communication Technology (ICT) are seen as key tools in designing policies to achieve those goals. Using a large panel dataset, covering 174 countries from 2004 to 2016, we investigate a possible contribution of innovations in digital governments to facilitate business, and extract implications for Portugal. Progress in digital government is proxied by the United Nations’ e-gov index, while the business environment is proxied by the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business indicators. Empirical results suggest that progress in e-gov may contribute to the creation a more business-friendly environment in several areas, particularly at starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity, paying taxes, getting credit, trading across borders, and protecting minority investors. Although Portugal has been evolving positively both in the Doing Business and e-gov rankings, it is still far from the top performers in several aspects, and gains could be obtained from improvements in digital government intended to facilitate business. Among the variables used in the construction of the Ease of Doing Business indicators, Portugal is always below the best performing countries in those that measure the number of procedures, time, costs and transparency. These are aspects where we can easily foresee a positive role of e-gov. Creating a favourable environment for business is particularly relevant for a country whose economy has been growing slowly over the last decades, has a GDP per capita that represents 80% of the EU average, and a public debt level of 130% of GDP. We believe that in a constantly evolving world, in which only the most innovative remain competitive, governments can play a strategic role as business facilitators
    Keywords: Doing business, digital government, Portugal
    JEL: O3 D2 H5
    Date: 2018–03

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