nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2017‒12‒03
eight papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Knowledge Diffusion, Trade and Innovation Across Countries and Sectors By Cai, Jie; Li, Nan; Santacreu, Ana Maria
  2. Knowledge Sharing Barriers at Administrative Level of Undergraduate Educational Programs By Blagov, Evgeny Yu.; Zhukova, Kiran V.; Pleshkova, Anastasiia Yu.; Koritskiy, Nikita; Soldatkin, Emil O.
  3. Diamonds and “the Golden Flute”: from the Golden Age of prodigies and geniuses to the Knowledge Based Digital Economy By Ojo, Marianne
  4. Factors Affecting Knowledge Management Integration in Small ITEnterprises By Morozova, Daria
  5. Knowledge sharing for internationalization: the case of export promotion program in Russian IT industry By Kokoulina, Liudmila O.
  6. Law, Human Capital and the Emergence of Free City-States in Medieval Italy By Marianna Belloc; Francesco Drago; Roberto Galbiati
  7. Knowledge Creation and Knowledge Sharing on the Virtual Conference: a Case Study of Disruptive Innovation Festival By Kokoulina, Liudmila O.
  8. Local and Non-Local Knowledge Typologies: Technological Complexity in the Irish Knowledge Space By Adam Whittle

  1. By: Cai, Jie (Shanghai University of Finance and Economics); Li, Nan (International Monetary Fund); Santacreu, Ana Maria (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis)
    Abstract: We develop and quantify a multi-country and multi-sector endogenous growth model in which comparative advantage and the stock of knowledge are endogenously determined by innovation and knowledge diffusion. We quantify the effect of trade liberalization on innovation, comparative advantage and welfare in a framework that features intersectoral production and knowledge linkages that are consistent with the data. A reduction in trade frictions induces a reallocation of innovation and comparative advantage across sectors: innovation reallocates towards sectors that experience larger increases in comparative advantage, and comparative advantage reallocates towards sectors with stronger knowledge spillovers. Furthermore, knowledge spillovers amplify the effect of a trade liberalization as countries and sectors benefit from foreign technology. In contrast to standard one sector models of trade and innovation without knowledge spillovers, we find significant dynamic gains from trade. These gains are mainly driven by innovation and knowledge diffusion across sectors and countries.
    Keywords: Technology Diffusion; R&D; Patent Citations; International Trade
    JEL: F12 O33 O41 O47
    Date: 2017–10–23
  2. By: Blagov, Evgeny Yu.; Zhukova, Kiran V.; Pleshkova, Anastasiia Yu.; Koritskiy, Nikita; Soldatkin, Emil O.
    Abstract: The goal of research is to figure out knowledge sharing barriers in the administrative processes of the undergraduate educational programs on an evidence of the Bachelor in Management program at one of the Saint Petersburg universities. The study is qualitative, based on semi-structured in-depth interviews with the administrative personnel involved in the programÙ³ management. On the basis of the interview results, methodology of further quantitative research is developed, planning to expand the research to a statistically significant sample of respondents in several universities, as well as practical recommendations for the surveyed programÙ³ knowledge management are given.
    Keywords: knowledge management, knowledge sharing, educational management, undergraduate programs, education, Russia, Saint-Petersburg, interviews, iniversities,
    Date: 2016
  3. By: Ojo, Marianne
    Abstract: Information sharing, as a means of resource generating capabilities – as well as mitigating information gaps which present challenges to the development of innovative techniques, has also been facilitated through information technology, the rise of the digital economy and resources which avail from the rapidly advancing era of information technology. To what extent are our creative abilities still motivated and stimulated? Can an unhealthy balance and level of competition serve as a deterrent to constructive innovation? This paper attempts to investigate – as well as appreciate the role of information technology in generating economic stimulus and development – particularly in a world where budding entrepreneurs and innovation constitute key elements in addressing poverty alleviating initiatives. It also aims to highlight why, whilst certain geniuses may still exist, it is certainly evident that the current environment does not really stimulate or generate the same enthusiasm or kind of magical revolution that took place during the Golden Age.
    Keywords: competition; innovation; information technology; digital economy; the Magic Flute; the Knowledge Based Economy
    JEL: E6 F1 F12 F18 K2 M40 M41 Q5
    Date: 2017–11
  4. By: Morozova, Daria
    Abstract: The present paper studies knowledge management practices implementation in small IT-enterprises in Russia in relation to organizational factors. The study demonstrates the relationship between the knowledge management, creativity and communication practices. The results of the study had shown that previously existing social and communicative factors in the teams of small IT-enterprises affect knowledge management practices implementation. Additionally, the study highlights the lack of valuation of creativity and knowledge as intangible assets. Based on the results of the analysis, implications are discussed and recommendations for improvement are suggested.
    Keywords: knowledge management, creativity, communications, IT-enterprises, Russia, organizational factors, team work,
    Date: 2016
  5. By: Kokoulina, Liudmila O.
    Abstract: The research aims to identify the knowledge sharing mechanisms underlying the export promotion program (EPP) for Russian IT companies. Particularly, the research studies the processes and effects of EPP organized by non-commercial organization RUSSOFT. This program was conducted in 2014-2015 for approx. one hundred Russian high-tech companies and included participation in several global trade fairs, exhibitions and conferences, as well as series of seminars and webinars on legal, financial and marketing aspects of internationalization. The research aims to uncover knowledge sharing mechanisms that took place during these events.
    Keywords: knowledge creation, knowledge sharing, Russia, export promotion program, IT industry, case study, high-tech companies, export promotion program,
    Date: 2016
  6. By: Marianna Belloc; Francesco Drago; Roberto Galbiati
    Abstract: In this paper, we study how the birth of the first universities in Italy affected the emergence of the Italian free cities-states (the commune) in the period 1000-1300 a.d. Exploiting a panel dataset of 121 cities, we show that after the foundation of a new university the distance between each city in the sample and the university negatively predicts the timing of the birth of communal institutions in the city. Our evidence is consistent with the idea that universities in the Middle Ages provided the necessary juridical knowledge and skills to build legal capacity and develop broader-based institutions.
    Keywords: institutional change, education, human capital accumulation, communal movement
    JEL: I20 I23 K00 N33
    Date: 2017
  7. By: Kokoulina, Liudmila O.
    Abstract: Despite its growing popularity, relatively little is currently known about usefulness of virtual conferences, what counts as successful participation, or how webinar sessions might best be shaped to support scholars` and other participants learning and knowledge sharing. The present study aims to address this gap in existing knowledge by examining data gathered from a web conference hosted by the Disruptive Innovation Festival (DIF). We ask what constitutes webinar participation, what counts as successful and unsuccessful participation, and how the format might be refined in order to maximize successful participation in future online events. Furthermore, the research explores knowledge sharing behavior during the online event with the goal to identify knowledge creation mechanisms. The present study employs case study method, combining content analysis of participant contributions with the analysis of questionnaire data gathered from participants.
    Keywords: knowledge creation, knowledge sharing, online conference, multi-sided platform, case study, virtual conferences, webinar,
    Date: 2016
  8. By: Adam Whittle
    Abstract: It is now commonplace to assume that the production of economically valuable knowledge is central to modern theories of growth and regional development. At the same time, it is also well known that not all knowledge is equal, and that the spatial and temporal distribution of knowledge is highly uneven. Combing insights from Evolutionary Economic Geography (EEG) and Economic Complexity (EC) the primary aim of this paper is to investigate whether more complex knowledge is generated by local of non-local (foreign) firms. From this perspective, a series of recent contributions have highlighted the role of foreign firms in enacting structural transformation, but such an investigation has yet to account for the complexity of the knowledge produced. Exploiting information contained within a recently developed Irish patent database our measure of complexity uses a modified bipartite network to link the technologies produced within regions, to their country of origin i.e. local or non-local. Results indicate that the most complex technologies tend to be produced in a few diverse regions. For Ireland, our results indicate that the most complex technologies tend to be produced in a few diverse regions. In addition, we find that the majority of this complex knowledge is generated in technology classes where the share of foreign activity is greater than local firms. Lastly, we generate an entry model to compute the process of complex regional diversification. Here the focus is on how regions develop a comparative advantage in a technological domains more complex than those already present in that region. As such, we focus our attention only on those technologies with the highest complexity values, as these technologies are said to underpin the European UnionÕs Smart Specialisation thesis.
    Keywords: Relatedness, Technological Complexity, Diversification, Knowledge Space, Smart Specialisation, Ireland
    Date: 2017–11

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