nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2017‒09‒24
eight papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Knowledge sharing barriers at administrative level of Undergraduate programs By Blagov, E.; Zhukova, K.; Pleshkova, A.
  2. An ICT Use Case of Social Business Based on the Business Model Perspective By Ogawa, Tetsuji; Yuhashi, Hiroyasu; Nishigaki, Masakatsu
  3. A Quantum Interpretation of the 'Knowledge Marketing' : double Approach OF Custumer' Knowledge and Competencie By Oleg Curbatov
  4. Competitive priorities in operations and technology management: Literature review By Pakhomova, L.
  5. The Role of Novelty-Seeking Traits in Contemporary Knowledge Creation By Erkan Goeren
  6. Innovation and growth potential: managing investment in middle market companies By Laure-Anne Parpaleix
  7. The economics of private copying By Boyer, Marcel
  8. Human resource management in successful European multinational enterprises during the economic crisis By Zavyalova, E.K.; Kucherov, D.G.; Kosheleva, S.V.; Fisyuk, R.R.; Tsybova, V.S.; Alsufyev, A.I.

  1. By: Blagov, E.; Zhukova, K.; Pleshkova, A.
    Abstract: It is widely recognized that knowledge is the critical asset to individual as well as organization to succeed in the increasingly competitive environment. The study of knowledge sharing is dominated by those focusing on knowledge sharing activity within the business organizations. However, the issue of knowledge sharing is equally important for a knowledge-based institution, such as a university, where knowledge production, distribution and application are ingrained in the institution. Though there is no direct way to measure the outcome of knowledge sharing in knowledge institutions, the impact of knowledge sharing could be larger than those created by the business organizations. In this paper we explore the knowledge sharing barriers in the administrative processes of the undergraduate educational programs on an evidence of the Bachelor in Management program at one Business school. The study employs qualitative method, based on semi-structured in-depth interviews with the administrative personnel involved in the program’s management. On the basis of the interview results, recommendations regarding improving the program’s knowledge sharing environment are given, as well as the methodology of further quantitative research is developed, planning to expand the research to a statistically significant sample of educational programs at University as well as other educational institutions.
    Keywords: knowledge management, knowledge sharing, educational management, University,
    Date: 2016
  2. By: Ogawa, Tetsuji; Yuhashi, Hiroyasu; Nishigaki, Masakatsu
    Abstract: Social businesses that solve local social problems using business methods have gained attention lately. Using information and communication technology (ICT) to solve social problems is expected to create social innovation that is compatible with social missions and business feasibility; however, the mechanism has not been clarified. In this research, a successful social business is analyzed with a focus on ICT and social capital, and attempts are made to define the mechanism of social innovation. The case of a direct sales store at a local roadside station was used to conduct a business model analysis using interviews to collect data. As a mechanism of social innovation, social capital has smoothly introduced ICT and strategic change, and the introduction of ICT changed the business model from a horizontal division type to a vertical integration type.
    Keywords: Social Innovation,Business Model,Social Capital
    Date: 2017
  3. By: Oleg Curbatov (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université Paris Nord - Université Paris 13 - USPC - Université Sorbonne Paris Cité - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: Cette publication vise à dresser un panorama de nos recherches afin d'en montrer l'évolution, le processus de maturation, et de mettre en avant les différentes méthodologies et les apports significatifs concernant son objet principal : « Connaissance Compétence du Client ». Vis-à-vis de cet objet nous avons adopté un parcours allant du Knowledge Marketing vers une Interprétation physique de la Connaissance, de la Compétence et de la Co-création. Au fil de ce papier, nous expliquerons les transitions entre des étapes de recherche et nous nous attacherons à montrer la progression de notre conception tant d'un point de vue des Sciences de Gestion que d'un point de vue des Sciences de l'Ingénieur. Nous mettrons en place dans le cadre de ce travail en cours une Interprétation Quantique des états des connaissances/compétences du client avec l'exemple des technologies du web parfumé représentée par les approches de la physique quantique pour les situations alternatives de la précarité énergétique.
    Keywords: Quantum coherence,Knowledge Marketing,Connaissance,Compétence,Physique Quantique,Co-création,Connaissance Client,Compétence collective
    Date: 2016–01–21
  4. By: Pakhomova, L.
    Abstract: These days an ability of a company to achieve operational excellence in multiple priorities is considered by researchers and practitioners as a source of company’s competitive advantage. However, the current state of knowledge does not have a consensus on how competitive priorities emphasis can be achieved. This paper is devoted to the literature review analysis on the topic of competitive priorities and their role in operations strategy and business performance. The analysis was based on the articles published in top-tier journals in Operations and Technology Management field during 1969-2015. On the basis of this analysis, the current state of competitive priorities concept in Operations and Technology Management has been described and suggestions for future research have been developed.
    Keywords: competitive priorities, operations strategy, literature review, innovation,
    Date: 2016
  5. By: Erkan Goeren (University of Oldenburg, Department of Economics)
    Abstract: This paper hypothesizes and empirically establishes the persistent effects of novelty-seeking traits on crosscountry differences in scientifc knowledge creation. I use data on the prevalence of specifc allele variants of the human DRD4 exon III gene, which population geneticists have linked to the human phenotype of novelty-seeking behavior to examine its relationship to scientifc knowledge creation in society. The results suggest a positive and statistically signifcant linear relationship between both outcomes that is consistent with the hypothesis that the prevalence of novelty-seeking traits in society facilitates scientifc knowledge creation through benefcial human behaviors related to risk-taking and explorative behavior. The empirical fndings remain qualitatively unaffected when controlling for additional historical, biogeographical, and socioeconomic factors that appear as additional important determinants in the creation of scientifc knowledge in society.
    Keywords: DRD4 Exon III, Novelty-Seeking Traits, Entrepreneurial Activity, Knowledge Creation, Technological Progress, Economic Development, Natural Selection, Genetic Diversity
    Date: 2017–09
  6. By: Laure-Anne Parpaleix (CGS i3 - Centre de Gestion Scientifique i3 - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris - PSL - PSL Research University - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: The search for levers to sustain economic growth, which is a key and topical challenge for public policy and private actors, has turned into an intensive research topic in both economy and management. Sustaining growth through investments remains at the heart of public policies insofar as growth is assumed to be correlated to economic drive notably through increased firms’ profit and employment rate. Therefore, search for a better understanding of growth determinants has been extensively discussed in numerous theoretical and empirical studies (Coad 2007). Throughout the continuous refinement in the economic models investigating the dynamics of investment for sustained growth, technological progress and, further, innovation have taken an increasing role. Overall, innovation stands out as one of the main growth driver (Ahlstrom 2010), a result that is thought to help steering the investment choices. Yet, the underlining processes linking investment to innovation on the one side, and innovation to growth on the other remain ill-understood. On the one hand, despite voluminous and diverse literature (Cameron 1998) produced by the study of innovation impact on economic growth, a precise relationship has yet to be unequivocally established (Demirel and Mazzucato 2009). Characterizing the relationship between firm innovativeness and growth raises the stake of identifying accurate and appropriate measurements for both growth and innovative activities. On the other hand, the classical thought that R&D spending is statistically linked to innovation, thus far roughly correlating the issue with the right amount of resources invested, has been repeatedly proven false over large sets of data. The absence of a mechanical impact of investment on innovative output, known as “the R&D paradox” (Le Masson, Weil et al. 2010), shows that beyond the initial financial inputs, appropriate design management and governance models seem necessary to support sustainable innovative activities. A wide range of researches in the field of innovation management has built on this perspective to offer refined patterns of innovative activities process. However, their impact on firms’ growth dynamics has not been pinpointed. Because of this failure in understanding growth drivers, investors lack of managing strategies allowing them to guide their investing policies. Thus, my researches aim at describing new growth dynamics in order to shape investment guiding tools.
    Keywords: innovation management,private equity,economic growth
    Date: 2016–06–11
  7. By: Boyer, Marcel
    Abstract: I review private copying laws and practices in different jurisdictions, with a particular emphasis on the methodology followed in France to determine rightsholders’ compensation for the private copying of their copyrighted works in different repertoires namely audio, video, still pictures, and printed material. I discuss the economics of copyright compensation in the digital era and offer some comments on particularly important issues met in private copying.
    Keywords: Value of copyrights ; copyright exceptions; private copying; information goods; digital era
    Date: 2017–09
  8. By: Zavyalova, E.K.; Kucherov, D.G.; Kosheleva, S.V.; Fisyuk, R.R.; Tsybova, V.S.; Alsufyev, A.I.
    Abstract: The main goal of the present research is to identify the specific features of human resource management in successful European multinational enterprises during the economic crisis. In this study the differences in human resource management among European multinational enterprises depending on their performance during the economic crisis were analyzed. In addition, the relationship between human resource management characteristics and performance of multinational enterprises in the crisis period were studied. The results of the study revealed the specific features of human resource management in the most successful multinational enterprises during the economic crisis.
    Keywords: human resource management, performance, multinational enterprise, economic crisis,
    Date: 2016

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