nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2017‒07‒02
three papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Building Knowledge Economies in Africa: A Survey of Policies and Strategies By Simplice Asongu; Jacinta C. Nwachukwu
  2. Bridging Organizations between University and Industry: from Science to Contract Research By Angelo Bonomi
  3. From Qualitative to Digital: A Policy of Digital Translation in Qualitative Research By Orlova, Galina

  1. By: Simplice Asongu (Yaoundé/Cameroun); Jacinta C. Nwachukwu (Coventry University, UK)
    Abstract: Compared to other regions of the world, Africa is lagging in its drive toward knowledge-based economies. This study surveys the literature in order to highlight the policies and strategies with which African countries can accelerate their current drive towards knowledge economies. These are discussed in terms of the four pillars of the World Bank’s knowledge economy framework. They are the indices for: (i) education and skilled population, (ii) information and communication technology, (iii) economic incentives and institutional regime and (iv) innovation systems.
    Keywords: Knowledge economy; Development; Africa
    JEL: O10 O30 O38 O55 O57
    Date: 2017–06
  2. By: Angelo Bonomi (Ceris - Institute for Economic Research on Firms and Growth,Turin, Italy)
    Abstract: Two bridging organizations, NIS and Agroinnova, formed both in 2003 internally to the University of Turin, have been studied through a good practice benchmarking in view to assess their validity in the science to business process especially concerning Italian SMEs. References for benchmarking have been established by suitable definitions of technology, technology innovation and a structured model of technology followed by a description of the innovation process as a sequence of steps. Benchmarking attention has been focused on contract research and technology transfer office activities. The results of the study show that such type of bridging organizations, and especially their spin-offs in contract research, may be a good possibility to foster the science to business process. However bottlenecks exist and concern the low diffusion of an entrepreneurial mentality that limits generation of innovative ideas for new technologies despite a large activity in scientific research. Bottlenecks concerning SMEs are mainly lack of experience in R&D and technology management. Fostering of science to business process by a simple increase of funds does not appear effective without a change in mentalities, adoption of suitable industrial policies and new concepts for bridging structures and financial aids to SMEs.
    JEL: O32 O38 I23
  3. By: Orlova, Galina (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA))
    Abstract: The paper considers the opportunities, challenges and prospects of digitalization in qualitative social studies, whose representatives traditionally express skepticism and distrust regarding the use of digital technologies. Considering digital translation, the author believes that the reflexive mastering of technologies, contrary to the most terrible expectations, strengthens the positions of qualitative analytics, and does not weaken them. Using the example of developing a specialized software CAQDAS, creating a hypermedia environment for ethnography and epistemological experiments with qualitative data in the Obninsk digital project, various ways of going digital staying qualitative are described.
    Date: 2017–05

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