nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2017‒06‒11
thirteen papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. True Knowledge: The Supreme Purpose of Current Christian Education By Adrian Gheorghe Paul
  2. The Imperative Progress Versus the Ethics of Moderation: Future Expectations in the Society of Knowledge By Arthur Wagner
  3. Managing International Cooperation for Organizational Capacity Development: Setting a Conceptual Foundation for Case Study Research and its Utilization By Barzelay, Michael; Okumoto, Masakatsu; Watanabe, Hideki
  4. The Role of Knowledge in the Evolution of the Religious Phenomenon By Lucian Ionel Mercea
  5. The Spiritual Knowledge in the Era of Globalization By Ioan Stinghe
  6. University–industry linkages and academic engagements: individual behaviours and firms’ barriers. Introduction to the special section By Andrea Filippetti; Maria Savona
  7. From Information to Wisdom By Timotei Rusu
  8. The Future of Knowledge in Theology By Marius Nechita
  9. Determinants of digital technology use by companies By Timothy DeStefano; Koen de Backer; Laurent Moussiegt
  10. The Future of Knowledge in the Internal Audit By Emilia Vasile; Daniela Mitran
  11. Comparative Study on the Sustainable Economic Growth of European Union Countries By Carmen Uzlau; Cristina Burghelea; Corina-Maria Ene
  12. The Future of Knowledge and the Ways of Doing Theology By Sorin Badragan
  13. Relational knowledge transfers By Luis Garicano; Luis Rayo

  1. By: Adrian Gheorghe Paul (Orthodox Theology at the North University Center, Baia Mare)
    Abstract: By true knowledge it is a necessity for humans, it is a longing and a fulfillment. It can not be achieved fully, only by the opening and the participation of man to God, the One who is the Subject that draws us to the true knowledge. If we understand that the truth is personified and fully incarnated into the divine Person of Jesus Christ - I am the Truth Jn 14:8, then by following him and His commandments and His Gospel’s prescriptions, is a necessary object to follow toward achieving the full and satisfactory knowledge. Here, a decisive role occupies the Christian education, human formation after the image of the perfect model—Jesus Christ, the Son of God made man. Thus, we focus in this study on the formation of the new man in Christ through education, to understand the eternal Truth and to gain the true knowledge of realities.
    Keywords: Knowledge, participation, truth, Christian education, new man, supreme purpose
    Date: 2016
  2. By: Arthur Wagner (Friedensau Adventist University)
    Abstract: The 20th and 21st century are characterized by a strong urge for progress in the field of technology, knowledge, communication and business. These structural changes patronized the emergence of a knowledge society, where knowledge is the basis of economic and social growth. The other side of progress is characterized by ambivalent effects. While the idea of progress is based on development and crossing the institutionalized limits, the ethics of responsibility starting from respecting the limits and the temperature, following the aim of sustainability. Hans Jonas sets with his principle the responsibility of a distinctive scale both in dealing with the present and with the future. Without an interdisciplinary exchange, the ethics of moderation proves in its action to be guidance, but only limited. The wider actual acceptance of sustainability reveals its chances towards becoming a global ethos.
    Keywords: imperative progress, knowledge society, ethic, moderation, responsibility, future
    Date: 2016–01
  3. By: Barzelay, Michael; Okumoto, Masakatsu; Watanabe, Hideki
    Abstract: Capacity development has been the core of JICA’s technical cooperation, especially after 2000s. The issue has been repeatedly debated among the professional institutions including such as UNDP, JICA and so forth. However, even now, there are not so much articles analyzing the issue from the perspective of management science though some arguments called for the conduct of theory-guided, systematic research about episodes of support for organizations in partner countries. The paper argues and proposes the necessity of a conceptual settings for a case study research and its utilization for systematic learning from the standpoint of management science, particularly public management. It illustrates the conceptual framework by using the knowledge of on-going E-JUST case study. The paper also explore the further steps for strengthening the capacity for organizational development. It proposed “triathlon” approach, namely, conducting the case study research, engagement of professional practitioners through organizational learning and professional development, and vocabulary clarification and integration. Considering the fact that organizational capacity development projects are ex ante novel and ex post unique, the idea of “design references” and “design precedents” are presented for development practitioners to work as “designers” and to create novel solutions in the future.
    Keywords: International Development,Capacity Development,Technical Cooperation,Public Management,Design Science,Organizational Development
    Date: 2017–03
  4. By: Lucian Ionel Mercea (PhD candidate at the West University of Timisoara)
    Abstract: In the development of the religious phenomenon, knowledge bears an essential role. The present study analyses the factors that have contributed to the emergence and the spreading of NeoProtestant denominations (Baptist, Adventists, Brethren and Pentecostals) within the borders of Romania in the second half of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. Four different perspectives are presented: the orthodox, communist, neo Protestant and sociological points of view. With this paper we will observe the way knowledge played an important role in the appearance and development of neo‚ÄíProtestant confessions in Romania. That mainstream churches in Romanian (Orthodox, Catholic), preoccupied more with the ritualistic aspects of their liturgical services, did not fulfill the needs of believers in search for a deeper spiritual experience. For this to occur, believers belonging to these ecclesiastical traditions have turned towards what has been labeled neo Protestantism in Romania.
    Keywords: knowledge, neoProtestant, Baptist, Adventists, Brethren, Pentecostals, orthodox
    Date: 2016
  5. By: Ioan Stinghe (PhD candidate at Babe»ô-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca)
    Abstract: Tackling the knowledge supposes the study of a phenomenon which has over passed civilizations and in the same time an actual phenomenon, with great perspectives of future development. Because knowledge is a phenomenon with a big complexity, based on the relation of humans with divinity, in this article we will approach knowledge from the perspective of the necessity of recovering the sacred and of the interconnection of human with the divine through the transcendental experience, as a reliable source for the future and development of knowledge. We will briefly analyze globalization, for updating the reference frame and for being able to emphasize the knowledge dynamics in a society which needs, more and more, integration in the harmonious and rational order of the Universe.
    Keywords: knowledge, sacred, globalization, revelation, theology
    Date: 2016
  6. By: Andrea Filippetti; Maria Savona
    Abstract: The article introduces the special section on “University–industry linkages and academic engagements: Individual behaviours and firms’ barriers”. We first revisit the latest developments of the literature and policy interest on university–industry research. We then build upon the extant literature and unpack the concept of academic engagement by further exploring the heterogeneity of UI linkages along a set of dimensions and actors involved. These are: (1) Incentives and behaviours of individual academic entrepreneurs; (2) Firms’ barriers to cooperation with public research institutions; (3) Individual behaviours, incentives and organizational bottlenecks in late developing countries. We summarize the individual contributions along these dimensions. There are overlooked individual characteristics that affect the degree of engagement of academics and scholars in cooperating with other organizations, of which gender and the non-academic background of individuals are most crucial. The notion of academic engagement should be enlarged to aspects that go beyond the commercialization or patenting of innovation, but embrace social and economic impact more at large. From the perspective of the firm, barriers to innovation might exert an effect on the likelihood to cooperate with universities and public research institutes, most especially to cope with lack of finance or access to frontier knowledge. We finally propose a research agenda that addresses the challenges ahead.
    Keywords: University–industry linkages Academic engagement Barriers to innovation
    JEL: O31 O32
    Date: 2017–04–28
  7. By: Timotei Rusu (Baptist Theological Institute of Bucharest)
    Abstract: The volume of available information is growing exponentially. It has become an explosion. Yet, most people are more isolated, frustrated and unhappy. How can this ocean of information be useful and meaningful to the third milennium of people? One of the answers to this question is the thesis of this article. Relationships in smaller communities, small groups, where people are connected and information is shared. In this context information can be turned into knowledge and knowledge can be turned into wisdom.
    Keywords: Information, knowledge, community, small groups, wisdom
    Date: 2016
  8. By: Marius Nechita (Faculty of Letters of the North University Center, Baia Mare)
    Abstract: The knowledge of God is often associated to seeing. The soul that sees God knows Him and recognizes Him. Seeing has a special importance as it assures you participation to the Seen one. But, in order to able to see you have to be in the same light as the Seen one, you have to be like Him. During Christ’s Transfiguration on Tabor Mountain, the Apostles recognized Christ’s glory of God “as much as they could†since they were also in the same divine light. The Lord was always covering Himself with light as a garment, but the disciples weren’t transfigured after Christ’s likeness, so they could have seen Him. Motovilov could also see the face of Saint Seraphim of Sarov because his face glowed from Holy Spirit’s grace, too. The person who looks at another one inwardly receives some of his attributes.
    Keywords: future, knowledge, Theology, virtual, faith, technology, communion
    Date: 2016
  9. By: Timothy DeStefano; Koen de Backer; Laurent Moussiegt
    Abstract: Advances in digital technologies are transforming the way firms function, how they are structured and the manner in which they compete. This paper contributes to our understanding of digital technology usage by assessing changing patterns in the use of hardware and software and identifying the extent to which various plant characteristics and policy environments correlate with ICT investment. The results suggest notable changes in the use of a number of digital technologies across countries between 2000 and 2012. A range of establishment-level determinants appear to be important for hardware and software investment including size, being in a knowledge intensive sector and if the establishment is the headquarters. The effects of policy measures however are markedly different across various ICTs. Heterogeneity in the effects of policy indicators on a number of ICTs suggest a reconsideration is needed regarding the relevance of traditional aggregate policy measures for digital technology use.
    Date: 2017–06–07
  10. By: Emilia Vasile (Athenaeum University of Bucharest); Daniela Mitran (Athenaeum University of Bucharest)
    Abstract: In the last years the focus of internal audit has shifted away from business toward financial controls. In the future internal audit departments need to align their contributions to the organization’s strategic objectives. The purpose of the internal audit which is organised within the entities is to provide counselling to the general management and to assess the functionality of the internal control system, activities by which it brings an additional value to the entity which is audited. The optimal functioning of the entities on the basis of an integrated internal control framework imposes the existence of a proper control environment which should promote the ethical values, be transparent, accept good practice standards and set responsibilities on the same line with the strategies and policies approved by the superior level management.
    Keywords: internal audit, high quality decision, corporate governance, transparancey
    JEL: M4 M2 M1
    Date: 2016
  11. By: Carmen Uzlau (Hyperion University, 169 Calea Calarasi, District 3, Bucharest, Romania); Cristina Burghelea (Hyperion University, 169 Calea Calarasi, District 3, Bucharest, Romania); Corina-Maria Ene (Hyperion University, 169 Calea Calarasi, District 3, Bucharest, Romania)
    Abstract: This article expose statistical lawfulness which is formed between gross domestic product growth based on the value of tangible assets (fixed) and the number of persons employed in the economy for 10 countries in Western and Central European Community. To achieve this knowledge we used econometric analysis methodology, identifies form and check equation model based on sustainability criteria aimed intensity correlation significance and residual variable parameter estimators. The study is customized for a number of 9 values which covers the period 2006-2014 and underlying multifactorial development of econometric models for each of the 10 individual states. The research also highlights the importance of gross domestic product as synthetic macroeconomic indicator dynamics registered in the time interval of two exogenous variables and influence the dynamics that shape distinctly for each state a certain tendency of growth.
    Keywords: gross domestic product, tangible assets (fixed), employment, econometric model
    JEL: E24 F22
    Date: 2017–01
  12. By: Sorin Badragan (Baptist Theological Institute in Bucharest)
    Abstract: The classical ways of doing theology, the apophatic and the cataphatic will face a new era in what regards human knowledge; the growth and the speed of the latter combined with the social changes that are already under way, will pose challenges and perhaps create opportunities for the Christian discourse about God. In this paper we argue that the knowledge of the future favors an apophatic approach ratherthan a cataphatic one.
    Keywords: knowledge, future, apophatic, cataphatic, postmodernity
    Date: 2016
  13. By: Luis Garicano; Luis Rayo
    Abstract: We study how relational contracts mitigate Becker's classic problem of providing general (non-firm-specific) human capital when training contracts are incomplete. The firms profit-maximizing agreement is a multi-period "apprenticeship" in which the novice is trained gradually over time and eventually receives all knowledge. The firm adopts a "1/e rule" whereby at the beginning of the relationship the novice is trained, for free, just enough to produce a fraction 1/e of the efficient output. After that, the novice earns all additional knowledge with labor. This rule causes inefficiently lengthy relationships that grow longer the more patient the players. We discuss policy interventions.
    JEL: N0 R14 J01
    Date: 2017

This nep-knm issue is ©2017 by Laura Ştefănescu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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