nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2017‒03‒26
three papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Modern universities in a digital environment By Lukovics, Miklós; Zuti, Bence
  2. Science, Innovation and Technology Transfer Pathways in Translational Research: A Study of Divergent Trajectories in the Healthcare Sector in Europe By Helen Lawton Smith; Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen; Laurel Edmunds
  3. Empirical Analysis: Technological character, type of function, and longevity of standardized knowledge By TAMURA Suguru

  1. By: Lukovics, Miklós; Zuti, Bence
    Abstract: Nowadays the digitalization of all aspects of our lives is becoming more and more general. This pattern is also true in case of modern institutions of higher education. In case of the operation of universities, we can identify a shift towards a growingly increasing approach, which is proactive strategic thinking done by university management. Many successful examples throughout the globe prove that universities may positively affect the level of economic development in given regions. This can happen with the collective presence of three key activities carried out by these institutions. Excellent education, successful research and embedment in the local economy are all necessary activities. It is recognized that without a proper knowledge management system, universities are less competitive. They need to possess outstanding IT-infrastructures, large databases and host professional forums that can enhance knowledge transfer. Thus, knowledge management and a vision for digitalization in the everyday lives of universities should be considered as an integral and inevitable part of university strategies. The study has two goals: It attempts to identify, how digitalization can contribute to the excellence of the first mission of universities and also examines the role of modern universities in activities that can enhance knowledge-transfer.
    Keywords: knowledge management, third mission, modern universities, digitalization
    JEL: I20 I25 O30
    Date: 2016
  2. By: Helen Lawton Smith (Birkbeck, University of London); Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen (University at Buffalo–State University of New York); Laurel Edmunds (Radcliffe Department of Medicine, University of Oxford)
    Date: 2016–08
  3. By: TAMURA Suguru
    Abstract: This study determines the validity of the current de jure standards management system. The de jure standard is an important tool for innovation policy, and also forms part of the social infrastructure. However, its management system, following standards formation, has not been well investigated. Its review interval has been fixed in the management system and maintained without empirical examinations. The validity of a fixed review interval is examined in this study. For this purpose, the factors that could potentially influence the longevity of standards are examined, and ways to improve the management system of de jure standards are discussed. The de jure standard is used in both developing and developed countries; hence, the policy implications are applicable across the world. This study finds through the empirical analysis that the type (or function) of de jure standards (e.g., design and mark standards) influences longevity. The influence of designs on innovation is an emerging research area that is currently studied through the analysis of design patent data. However, the design and mark standards have not been well studied from an economic perspective. In sum, this study has the following contributions: 1) Technological categories have significantly different effects on longevity, and the longevity of some technological sectors is longer than others, which indicates a need for a more flexible interval system, 2) The results indicate that the longevity of the design and mark standard is longer than that of other types of standards, and 3) Longevity is not significant in the information technology category. This result could support the argument that information technology becomes a General Purpose Technology (GPT).
    Date: 2017–03

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