nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2017‒01‒22
seven papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Disentangling Innovation in Small Food Firms: The role of External Knowledge, Support, and Collaboration By Wixe, Sofia; Nilsson, Pia; Naldi, Lucia; Westlund, Hans
  2. Innovation and public understanding of science: possibility of new indicators for the analysis of public attitudes to science, technology and innovation By Tartaruga, Iván G. Peyré; Cazarotto, Rosmari Terezinha; Martins, Clitia Helena Backx; Fukui, Ana
  3. Policy Implications for National Knowledge Networks in UK and India: A Comparative Study By Jain, Rekha; Singh, Manjari
  4. Can grants to consortia spur innovation and science-industry collaboration? Regression-discontinuity evidence from Poland By Bruhn, Miriam; McKenzie, David J.
  5. The imperfect-common-knowledge Phillips curve: Calvo versus Rotemberg By Šauer, Radek
  6. Les business angels, révélateurs, plus que moteurs, de l’engagement des entreprises dans l’innovation By Nadine Levratto; Maarouf Ramadan; Luc Tessier
  7. Economic Diversification in Resource Rich Countries: Uncovering the State of Knowledge By Nouf Alsharif; Sambit Bhattacharyya; Maurizio Intartaglia

  1. By: Wixe, Sofia (Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE), Jönköping International Business School, Sweden); Nilsson, Pia (Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE), Jönköping International Business School, Swede); Naldi, Lucia (Centre for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO ), Jönköping International Business School, Sweden); Westlund, Hans (Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE), Jönköping International Business School, & KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden)
    Abstract: This paper applies unique survey data on innovation and external interaction of small food producers in Sweden. The overall purpose is to test if firms that are more engaged in external interaction are more innovative. To disentangle innovativeness beyond new goods and services, innovation is measured as new processes, new markets, new suppliers, new ways of organization, and new distributors. Findings point to a positive relationship between firm innovation and external interaction, both in terms of collaboration, external knowledge and support from regional actors. In particular, collaboration regarding transports and sales is shown to enhance most types of innovation. Product and process innovation benefit from external knowledge from extra-regional firms as well as regional support from the largest firm. Findings suggest that current innovation policies can improve their efficiency by increasing their flexibility to enable tailor-made innovation policies at the local level.
    Keywords: Innovation; collaboration; food industry; rural regions
    JEL: L25 L66 O31 R12
    Date: 2017–01–16
  2. By: Tartaruga, Iván G. Peyré; Cazarotto, Rosmari Terezinha; Martins, Clitia Helena Backx; Fukui, Ana
    Abstract: In the context of a knowledge-based economy, in the last 50 years, countries and international organisms have systematized many indicators to evaluate inventive and innovative capacity, mainly related to science. But these indicators have almost exclusively focused on the supply side of invention and innovation, in which attention is given to people (entrepreneurs), organizations practicing research and development (R&D) and innovative companies and virtually none to the end users, like consumers or organizations not connected to R&D/innovation. Aiming at facing this insufficiency, this paper proposes new models to analyze innovation through indicators that show the relationship between the realms of science, technology and innovation and society as a whole. These sociocultural indicators represent the set of propensities to innovate in a given social group. Therefore, from the confluence of investigations in the field of Public Understanding of Science and Innovation Studies, five indicators of the propensity to innovate were chosen: efficiency, creativity, trust in science and technology, uncertainty tolerance and cooperation.
    Keywords: innovation; science; society; Innovation Studies; Public Understanding of Science
    JEL: O31 O39
    Date: 2016–09
  3. By: Jain, Rekha; Singh, Manjari
    Date: 2016
  4. By: Bruhn, Miriam; McKenzie, David J.
    Abstract: We use regression discontinuity to measure the impact of funding from Poland's In-Tech program on innovation activities carried out by consortia of firms and research entities. A detailed follow-up survey of applicants enables us to measure a wider variety of outcomes than typically used in the literature. We find the grants increase the probability of a project being completed by almost 60 percentage points, lead to more science-industry collaboration, and increase the probability of patents and publications related to the proposed project. We also find early effects on commercialization of products related to the proposed project.
    Keywords: innovation; R&D; regression discontinuity design; science-industry collaboration
    JEL: H25 O31 O38
    Date: 2017–01
  5. By: Šauer, Radek
    Abstract: I derive the imperfect-common-knowledge Phillips curve under the assumption of Rotemberg pricing. The curve differs from the Calvo version in one important aspect. Expectations of future relative prices impact in ation.
    Keywords: Phillips Curve,Rotemberg,Imperfect Knowledge
    JEL: D83 E31
    Date: 2017
  6. By: Nadine Levratto; Maarouf Ramadan; Luc Tessier
    Abstract: Whereas the funding of the first years of the life cycle of companies is presented as a key condition for their survival and growth, the attention given to business angels (BA noted below) by academics have been growing steadily during the past years. This article proposes to discuss the extent, which they contribute to innovation from a unique database of 432 French companies financed by one of the members of the network France Angels (French Federation of Business Angels networks) during the period 2004-2011. We compare it to a test group constituted of 2,160 similar companies. We specify an econometric model specifying the determinants of innovation approximated by the share of non-financial intangible assets in total assets explained by the presence or absence of a BA and control variables. The use of the estimation method using a Fixed Effects Vector Decomposition method shows the positive effect of BA on innovation. Elements of explanation of these results are provided from a qualitative survey of BA members of France Angels and from a subset of companies extracted from the population of 432 ones backed by BA. They illustrate how the specific behavior of BA at the time of selection of companies and their attitude during the accompaniment period explains these different trajectories.
    Keywords: Business Angels, Innovation, Entrepreneurship, Start-up, France.
    JEL: G11 G32 M13
    Date: 2016
  7. By: Nouf Alsharif (Department of Economics, University of Sussex); Sambit Bhattacharyya (Department of Economics, University of Sussex); Maurizio Intartaglia (Department of Economics, University of Sussex)
    Abstract: Diversification is often presented as a desirable policy objective for petroleum rich nations. Yet very little is known about the causes and consequences of diversification in petroleum rich states. In this paper we review the recent literature on diversification in oil-exporting states. We identify gaps and shortcomings in this literature along with documenting some trends in non-oil exports and non-oil private sector employment in hydrocarbon rich countries. We conclude with an agenda for research addressing the potential gaps in the literature.
    Keywords: petroleum wealth, economic diversification
    JEL: D72 O11
    Date: 2016–10

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