nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2016‒09‒11
six papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Knowledge Economy, Global Innovation Indices, Rents and Governance in Arab Economies By Driouchi, Ahmed; Harkat, Tahar
  2. The Impact of R&D and ICT Investment on Innovation and Productivity in Chilean Firms By Roberto Álvarez
  3. Knowledge Composition, Jacobs Externalities and Innovation Performance in European Regions By Antonelli, Cristiano; Crespi, Francesco; Mongeau, Christian; Scellato, Giuseppe
  4. Perspective of Croatian tourism supported with ICT potential and ICT trends By Daniela Garbin Praničević; Ana Zovko
  5. Substitutability and complementarity of technological knowledge and the inventive performance of semiconductor companies By Ludovic Dibiaggio; Maryam Nasyar; Lionel Nesta
  6. Intersectoral mobility and knowledge transfer. Preliminary evidence of the impact of intersectoral mobility policy instruments By Hristo Hristov; Milena Slavcheva; Koen Jonkers; Katarzyna Szkuta

  1. By: Driouchi, Ahmed; Harkat, Tahar
    Abstract: This paper sheds light on the relationship between knowledge, innovation, rents from natural resources and governance in world economies with focus on Arab countries. Two major analytical frameworks are used with the first based on the use of knowledge indicators while the second is on the Global Innovation index (2010-2016). Both models confirm the negative effects of rents and the positive roles of good governance, on knowledge and innovation. Arab countries appear to exhibit clearly these effects with higher emphasis on governance indicators. Also, Arab countries appear to exhibit a model that is statistically different from the one of all countries. This work complements that of Driouchi (2014a and 2014b) with the inclusion of the Global Innovation Index data 2010-2016.
    Keywords: Keywords: Rents, natural resources, governance, knowledge economy, global innovation
    JEL: O1 O13 O32 Q2 Q28
    Date: 2016–09–04
  2. By: Roberto Álvarez
    Abstract: This paper examines the impact of information and communication technology (ICT) and research and development (R&D) investment on innovation and productivity in Chilean firms, in particular those in the services industry. It provides new evidence on this topic for a developing country and also for firms in the services sector, areas in which existing evidence is limited. The findings for services industries are relevant because this sector in Latin America has a large productivity gap when compared to the sector in developed countries. The results show that ICT contributes positively to innovation and productivity in both the total sample and the services industry. They also confirm that ICT investment increases productivity directly and not only through innovation, suggesting that this investment would have additional effects on productivity.
    Date: 2016–09
  3. By: Antonelli, Cristiano; Crespi, Francesco; Mongeau, Christian; Scellato, Giuseppe (University of Turin)
    Abstract: This paper analyses the role of the composition of the regional stock of knowledge in explaining innovation performance. The paper provides three main contributions. First, it investigates the relevance of Jacobs knowledge externalities in characterizing the technological capabilities at the regional level. Second, it applies the Hidalgo-Hausmann (HH) methodology to analyze knowledge composition by looking at patent data of 214 regions, located in 27 state members of the European Union (EU) during the years 1994- 2008. Third, it econometrically assesses the role of knowledge base composition in a knowledge generation function. The results of the empirical analysis confirm that the characterization of regional knowledge base through the HH indicators provides interesting information to understanding its composition and to qualify it as a provider of the Jacobs knowledge externalities that account for the dynamics of regional innovative performance.
    Date: 2016–07
  4. By: Daniela Garbin Praničević (Faculty of Economics, Department of Business Informatics, Split, University of Split, Croatia); Ana Zovko (Adriatic Sailing Ltd, Zagreb, Croatia)
    Abstract: Purpose – Despite the fact that information and communication technology (ICT) provide innovative and advanced potential to significantly increase the competitiveness of tourism goods and services it is still insufficiently recognized and accordingly not enough used. On the other side, the ICT potential, if ignored, may results with serious consequences for the quality of tourism processes on supply side and demand side as well. The main aim of the paper is, therefore, to explore ICT potential in wider context and propose modalities how to apply it better and more professional locally, namely in Croatian tourism sector. Methodology – Qualitative methods of analyses and desktop research were used in the study. Findings – The authors outlined state of art trends in tourism induced by ICT and enclose example and case studies of some customized ICT solutions to tourism needs. Those results strongly emphasize the necessity of constantly following mentioned trends in tourism practice. Contribution – Contributions are considered from three standpoints: firstly from the theoretical view the contribution is related on justification of ICT as main driver of innovation in tourism. Secondly, developing the framework appropriate for investigating the ICT potential requisite to increase competitiveness contribute within research part. Finally, proposing the basic guidelines to tourism management for improving the use if ICT potential present a practical implication of this qualitative review.
    Keywords: ICT innovative potential, ICT trends, ICT implementation, Croatia
    JEL: L83
    Date: 2016–04
  5. By: Ludovic Dibiaggio (Histoire et Critique des Arts - Centre d'étude et de recherche d'archéologie méditerranéenne et atlantique. UHB); Maryam Nasyar; Lionel Nesta (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)
    Abstract: This paper analyses whether complementarity and substitutability of knowledge elements are key determinants of the firm's inventive performance, in addition to the more conventional measures of knowledge stock and diversity. Using patent data from 1968 to 2002 in the semiconductor industry, we find that the overall level of complementarity between knowledge components positively contributes to firms’ inventive capability, whereas the overall level of substitutability between knowledge components generally has the opposite effect. Yet a relatively high level of substitutability is found to be beneficial for explorative inventions. These results suggest that a firm's inventive capacity significantly depends on its ability to align its inventive strategies and knowledge base structure.
    Keywords: Knowledge base; Complementarity; Substitutability; Invention
    Date: 2014–11
  6. By: Hristo Hristov (European Commission – JRC); Milena Slavcheva (European Commission – JRC); Koen Jonkers (European Commission – JRC); Katarzyna Szkuta (European Commission – JRC)
    Abstract: This report aims to map the policy measures supporting intersectoral mobility in the Member States and based on the policy measuresA evaluations analyse the available evidence of their impact. The analysis shows that policies to foster intersectoral mobility are in place in almost all MS. Many of them have been implemented for several years now, yet the readily available evaluations are scarce. The existing evaluations are also often coming short of evaluating the broader socio-economic impact. Yet, the evaluations provide evidence of positive impact of those measures on researchers' skills and employability. To a lesser extent data points to the impact on patents' and publications' propensity and R&D intensity of companies. The strongest evidence is provided in the industrial PhDs evaluations and the impact on skills and employability of PhD researchers can be clearly attested.
    Keywords: knowledge transfer, intersectoral mobility of researchers, public-private collaboration, evaluation, innovation policy
    JEL: H O3
    Date: 2016–09

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