nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2016‒06‒18
four papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Developing a Set of Organizational and Economic Measures of Construction Personnel Policy in the Health Ministry of Russian Federation in a Phased Transition of Industry Workers to 'Effective Contracts' By Gabueva, L.A.
  2. Prosperity in a changing world: Structural change and economic growth By Demary, Vera; Grömling, Michael; Kolev, Galina; Matthes, Jürgen
  3. Problems of Organizational and Economic Reforms of Russian Education By Klyachko, Tatiana; Krasnova, Gulnara; Polushkina, Elena
  4. Knowledge creates markets: The influence of entrepreneurial support and patent rights on academic entrepreneurship By Dirk Czarnitzki; Thorsten Doherr; Katrin Hussinger; Paula Schliessler; Andrew A. Toole

  1. By: Gabueva, L.A. (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA))
    Abstract: Improving the quality of health free medical services can not be achieved without the presence of highly qualified professionals with a medical (pharmaceutical) and other education employees providing medical and interim activities in the health sector. At the same time to estimate the level of achievement of qualifications, skills and abilities in health care organizations must provide for systematic measures. Provide them with the ability to consistently realizing innovative changes in the personnel management of medical organizations according to the conditions and characteristics of the subjects of the Russian Federation. Under these conditions requires scientific and practical substantiation connection of structural reforms in the areas of health and motivational incentives for achieving the expected results improve the efficiency of the industry.
    Keywords: effective contract, HR, personnel, salary
    Date: 2015–03–23
  2. By: Demary, Vera; Grömling, Michael; Kolev, Galina; Matthes, Jürgen
    Abstract: Structural change is both a challenge and an opportunity for countries and companies. However, there is no silver bullet in terms of superior economic models. Instead, different economic models can deal with structural change in a successful way. Both economies with a focus on services and those with a high share of manufacturing are able to achieve a high degree of economic growth and prosperity. Success factors are related to a solid performance with regard to the key drivers of structural change: globalisation, interconnectedness, innovation and knowledge as well as the economic framework. Economic policy - also at the EU level - should support companies and economies in reaping these potential benefits: fostering open and flexible markets as well as supporting European value chains and an intensification of knowledge in the production of goods and services are key success factors in this respect.
    JEL: F43 L16 O14 O43
    Date: 2016
  3. By: Klyachko, Tatiana (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)); Krasnova, Gulnara (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)); Polushkina, Elena (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA))
    Abstract: The paper addresses the major challenges of organizational and economic reform of Russian higher education: the adequacy of the model adopted normative per capita financing approach to the revival of elite engineering education and the transformation of its mass segment, inclusion in the Unified State Examination as to pass the exam - the works, as well as the empowerment of delivery and retaking exams in various subjects.
    Keywords: economic reform, Russia, education, USE, organisation
    Date: 2015–03–23
  4. By: Dirk Czarnitzki; Thorsten Doherr; Katrin Hussinger; Paula Schliessler; Andrew A. Toole
    Abstract: We use an exogenous change in German Federal law to examine how entrepreneurial support and the ownership of patent rights influence academic entrepreneurship. In 2002, the German Federal Government enacted a major reform called Knowledge Creates Markets that set up new infrastructure to facilitate university-industry technology transfer and shifted the ownership of patent rights from university researchers to their universities. Based on a novel researcher-level panel database that includes a control group not affected by the policy change, we find no evidence that the new infrastructure resulted in an increase in start-up companies by university researchers. The shift in patent rights may have strengthened the relationship between patents on university-discovered inventions and university start-ups; however, it substantially decreased the volume of patents with the largest decrease taking place in faculty-firm patenting relationships.
    Keywords: Intellectual property, patents, technology transfer, policy evaluation
    Date: 2016–05

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