nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2016‒05‒21
six papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Location and Productivity of Knowledge- and Information-intensive Business Services By MORIKAWA Masayuki
  2. “Relatedness, external linkages and innovation” By Ernest Miguélez; Rosina Moreno
  3. Key success drivers in public research grants: Funding the seeds of radical innovation in academia? By Albert Banal-Estañol; Inés Macho-Stadler; David Pérez-Castrillo
  4. Trade Liberalisation and Optimal R&D Policies in a Model of Exporting Firms Conducting Process Innovation By Thanh Le; Cuong Le Van
  5. Human Resources Mobilization; An Important Factor For Educational Management And Development By Eugenia Ameh; Indira Aernyi
  6. building National R&D Trend Knowledge Map using Topic Analysis. By Eunji Yu; Youngeun Kwon

  1. By: MORIKAWA Masayuki
    Abstract: Knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS), which produce skill-intensive services used as intermediate inputs, are becoming important for the economic growth and international competitiveness of advanced countries. This study, using establishment- and company-level micro data, analyzes the productivity of knowledge- and information-intensive services in Japan, including information services, publishers, and design services. We focus on the effect of urban density on the productivity of these services. Our estimations reveal that doubling the employment density of municipalities is associated with around 5% higher labor productivity of service providers, which is larger than that found in the manufacturing industry. However, quantitatively, the economies of density vary for individual services, suggesting that the services to be promoted by small and medium cities differ from those for which large metropolitan cities such as Tokyo and Osaka have strong comparative advantages.
    Date: 2016–04
  2. By: Ernest Miguélez (GREThA, University of Bordeaux & AQR Research Group-IREA. University of Barcelona); Rosina Moreno (AQR Research Group-IREA. University of Barcelona)
    Abstract: This paper has two main objectives. First, it estimates the impact of related and unrelated variety of European regions’ knowledge structure on their patenting activity. Second, it looks at the role of technological relatedness and extra-local knowledge acquisitions for local innovative activity. Specifically, it assesses how external technological relatedness affects regional innovation performance. Results confirm the strong relevance of related variety for regional innovation; whereas the impact of unrelated variety seems relevant only for the generation of breakthrough innovations. The study also shows that external knowledge flows have a higher impact, the higher the similarity between these flows and the extant local knowledge base.
    Keywords: Variety; Patents; Patent citationsM Relatedness; Knowledge production function. JEL classification: O18; O31; O33; R11
    Date: 2016–04
  3. By: Albert Banal-Estañol; Inés Macho-Stadler; David Pérez-Castrillo
    Abstract: We study what makes a research grant application successful in terms of ability, type of research, experience, and demographics of the applicants. But our main objective is to investigate whether public funding organizations support the teams that are most likely to undertake transformative or "radical" research. Making use of the literature on recombinant innovation, we characterize such "radical teams" as those formed by eclectic and non-usual collaborators, and those that are heterogeneous and scientifically diverse. Our results, using data from the UK's Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), show that the more able, more basic, and more senior researchers, working in a top university, are more likely to be successful. But, radical teams are less likely to be funded by funding bodies. Our analysis of the research output of the awarded projects suggests that, voluntarily or involuntarily, the evaluation process in these organizations is biased against radical teams.
    Keywords: Radical innovation, funding organizations, research grants
    JEL: O32 I23
    Date: 2016–03
  4. By: Thanh Le (University of Qeensland and Flinders University); Cuong Le Van (Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne - Paris School of Economics, IPAG Business School)
    Abstract: This paper discusses the impact of trade liberalisation and R&D policies on exporting firms' incentive to innovate and social welfare. Key factors determining the government's optimal policy are the strength of R&D spillover effect and the toughness of firm competition. When firms only compete in an overseas market, the optimal policy is to tax R&D. Trade liberalisation in the overseas market induces a higher R&D tax rate to be imposed on firms. When firms also conduct business in the home market, the government should financially support firms' R&D. Trade liberalisation always increases firms' output sales, R&D investments, and social welfare
    Keywords: Trade; R&D spillovers; subsidies; welfare; process innovation
    JEL: F12 F13 F15 O31
    Date: 2016–03
  5. By: Eugenia Ameh (Doctoral Student - University of Agriculture, Makurdi); Indira Aernyi (Dept of Social Studies)
    Abstract: Personnel in educational institution are a strong resource for its development and valuable in the accomplishment of the organizational objectives. The productivity of an educational institution is strongly related to its people and strategies. Some of them identify with the school and are motivated in helping to reach goals, while others see the school as a vehicle meant to satisfy their own targets. The personnel of a school brings along a wide range of qualifications, abilities, and knowledge, which might not necessarily be beneficial to the school. This paper examines the value of motivation regarding the productivity of staff members
    Keywords: Human resources; Human resources management; Motivation; Educational development
  6. By: Eunji Yu (Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information); Youngeun Kwon (Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information)
    Abstract: Recently, big data collection, storage, analysis and visualization technologies have emerged in IT industry. As a result, there have been attempts to discover issues in diverse domains such as politics, society, economy and culture and utilize the results in making a decision. For example, a trend knowledge map and issue tracking designed to extract issues and glimpse at issue change patterns have drawn an attention. This study has proposed a method to construct a visualized national R&D trend knowledge map after analyzing user query data on national R&D information in the National Science & Technology Information Service (NTIS) which has collected and provided the national R&D information. It is expected that the proposed national R&D trend knowledge map would help national R&D researchers plan and implement national R&D projects and programs.
    Keywords: Text Mining, Topic Analysis, Issue Tracking, Visualization, Social Network Analysis

This nep-knm issue is ©2016 by Laura Ştefănescu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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