nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2016‒01‒18
eight papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. What best transfers knowledge? : capital, goods, and innovative labor in East Asia By Kang, Byeongwoo
  2. Innovation in Eastern Europe : a case study of Czech Republic By Kashcheeva, Mila; Nabeshima, Kaoru
  3. Translation Theory ‘Translated’: Three Perspectives on Translation in Organizational Research By Wæraas , Arild; Agger Nielsen, Jeppe
  4. Essay on the State of Research and Innovation in France and the European Union By Antoine Kornprobst
  5. The Impact of Information and Communication Technology Adoption on Multinational Firm Boundary Decisions By Wenjie Chen; Fariha Kamal
  6. Capital Allocation Across Sectors: Evidence from a Boom in Agriculture By Paula Bustos; Gabriel Garber; Jacopo Ponticelli
  8. The Knowledge Transmission Mechanism and Austerity By Simon Wren-Lewis

  1. By: Kang, Byeongwoo
    Abstract: This paper compares three knowledge carriers—trade, foreign direct investment (FDI), and inventors—as knowledge mediums, and investigates their effects on knowledge flow in East Asia from 1996 to 2010. Using patent citations as a proxy for knowledge flow, this paper shows that FDI and inventor mobility have positive effects on increasing patent citations in East Asia when the technological portfolios of two countries are less similar. While trade shows statistical significance, the effect is inconsistent according to the regression models.
    Keywords: East Asia, Technology transfer, Technology trade, Human resources, Foreign investments, International trade, Foreign direct investment, Knowledge flow, Personnel mobility, Trade
    JEL: F4 J6 O3
    Date: 2015–10
  2. By: Kashcheeva, Mila; Nabeshima, Kaoru
    Abstract: In this study we evaluate innovative performance of the economies of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) based on the available statistics of innovation processes. We compare such country-level indicators as educational levels, investments in R&D, FDI, trade and licensing flows, patents and scientific articles, and find that the most developed CEE economies are also the most innovative. At the same time, as supported by the results of the interviews in Czech Republic, one of the top performers in the CEE region, its economy is facing a number of challenges that are similar to other middle-income countries around the world. We suggest addressing these challenges from the prospective of the Middle Income Trap, when a middle-income economy to sustain growth must learn to compete with advanced economies in high-skill innovation. Development of effective innovation policy should be a priority for the CEE countries to escape from the middle income trap.
    Keywords: Czech Republic, East Europe, Economic growth, Technological innovations, Innovation policy, Middle income trap, Central and Eastern Europe
    JEL: O31 O10 O20
    Date: 2015–03
  3. By: Wæraas , Arild (School of Economics and Business, Norwegian University of Life Sciences); Agger Nielsen, Jeppe (Aalborg University)
    Abstract: Translation theory has proved to be a versatile analytical lens used by scholars working from different traditions. On the basis of a systematic literature review, this study adds to our understanding of the ‘translations’ of translation theory by identifying the distinguishing features of the most common theoretical approaches to translation within the organization and management discipline: actor-network theory, knowledge-based theory, and Scandinavian institutionalism. Although each of these approaches already has borne much fruit in research, the literature is diverse and somewhat fragmented, but also overlapping. We discuss the ways in which the three versions of translation theory may be combined and enrich each other so as to inform future research, thereby offering a more complete understanding of translation in and across organizational settings.
    Keywords: Organizational translation; knowledge translation; actor-network theory; Scandinavian institutionalism
    JEL: D23 D73 Z10
    Date: 2015–12–29
  4. By: Antoine Kornprobst
    Abstract: Innovation in the economy is an important engine of growth and no economy, whatever its complexity and degree of advancement, whether it is based on industry, agriculture, high tech or the providing of services, can be truly healthy without innovating actors within it. The aim of this work, done by an applied mathematician working in finance, not by an economist or a lawyer, isn't to provide an exhaustive view of the all the mechanisms in France and in Europe that aim at fostering innovation in the economy and to offer solutions for removing all the roadblocks that still hinder innovation; indeed such a study would go far beyond the scope of this study. What I modestly attempted to achieve in this study was firstly to draw a panorama of what is working and what needs to perfected as far as innovation is concerned in France and Europe, then secondly to offer some solutions and personal thoughts to boost innovation.
    Date: 2016–01
  5. By: Wenjie Chen; Fariha Kamal
    Abstract: This paper evaluates the effect of adopting internet-enabled information and communication technology (ICT) adoption on the decision to reorganize production across national borders (foreign boundary decision) by multinational enterprises (MNE). Using a transaction cost framework, we argue that ICT adoption influences foreign boundary decisions by lowering coordination costs both internally and externally for the firm. We propose that the heterogeneity in the technology’s characteristics, namely complexity and the production processes’ degree of codifiability, moderate this influence. Using a difference-in-differences methodology and exploiting the richness of confidential U.S. Census Bureau microdata, we find that overall ICT adoption is positively associated with greater likelihood of in-house production, as measured by increases in intra-firm trade shares. Furthermore, we find that more complex forms of ICT are associated with larger increases in intra-firm trade shares. Finally, our results indicate that MNEs in industries in which production specifications are more easily codified in an electronic format are less likely to engage in intra-firm relative to arms-length trade following ICT adoption.
    Date: 2016–01
  6. By: Paula Bustos; Gabriel Garber; Jacopo Ponticelli
    Abstract: We study the allocation of capital across sectors. In particular, we assess to what extent growth in agricultural profits can lead to an increase in the supply of credit in industry and services. For this purpose, we identify an exogenous increase in agricultural profits due to the adoption of genetically engineered soy in Brazil. The new agricultural technology had heterogeneous effects in areas with different soil and weather characteristics. We find that regions with larger increases in agricultural profitability experienced increases in local bank deposits. However, there was no increase in local bank lending. Instead, capital was reallocated towards other regions through bank branch networks. Regions with more bank branches receiving funds from soy areas experienced both an increase in credit supply and faster growth of small and medium sized firms
    Date: 2016–01
  7. By: Makhkamov Bakhtiyor Shukhratovich
    Abstract: In article the role and value of information and communication technologies in Uzbekistan, as engine of all economy, investments promoting attraction to the country, to creation of new workplaces, introduction of progressive technologies in production and management, that is finally – to the stable economic growth and increase of a standard of living are researched. Questions of formation and development of National information system which main objectives is development of telecommunication technologies, networks and infrastructure of communication, creation of information systems of automation of activity of government bodies and the centralized databases in the republic are also considered. Key words: information and communication technologies (ICT), legislative base of ICT, National information system
    Date: 2015–12
  8. By: Simon Wren-Lewis
    Abstract: How do economic policy mistakes happen? One view is that policy makers are benevolent, and errors arise because economic theories are inadequate. Another is that policy makers pursue sectional interests that may have no relation to any academic consensus on good policy. This paper examines a third alternative: policy makers want to do the right thing (although they have political preferences), and the academic consensus is correct, but policy makers do not follow it because they rely on imperfect intermediaries. I use this framework to examine the global switch to fiscal austerity in 2010.
    Date: 2015

This nep-knm issue is ©2016 by Laura Ştefănescu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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