nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2015‒10‒17
ten papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. From knowledge to knowing, from boundaries to boundary construction By Claude Paraponaris; Martine Sigal
  2. The paradox of openness revisited : collaborative innovation and patenting by UK innovators By Arora A.; Athreye S.; Huang C.
  3. UNU-MERIT at 25 years : how doctoral training at UNU-MERIT contributes to the community of scholars in the economis of innovation? By Akcomak S.; Garcia A.; Santiago-Rodriguez F.
  4. Knowledge Clusters and Multidimensional Proximity: An Agent-Based Simulation. By Bottai, carlo; Iori, Martina
  5. The Generation of Knowledge as an Emergent System Property: An Introduction. By Antonelli, Cristiano; David, Paul
  6. The relevance of inter-personal and inter-organizational ties for interaction quality and outcomes of research collaborations in South Korea By Hemmert, Martin
  7. L'art de passer les frontières cognitives reste à inventer ! By Claude Paraponaris
  8. Knowledge Spillovers through FDI and Trade: Moderating Role of Quality-Adjusted Human Capital By Muhammad Ali; Uwe Cantner; Ipsita Roy
  9. Public-private partnerships in research and innovation: Case studies from Australia, Austria, Sweden and the United States By Koschatzky, Knut; Kroll, Henning; Meyborg, Mirja; Stahlecker, Thomas; Dwertmann, Anne; Huber, Monika
  10. The Economic Properties of Information and Knowledge: An Introduction. By Antonelli, Cristiano; David, Paul

  1. By: Claude Paraponaris (LEST - Laboratoire d'économie et de sociologie du travail - AMU - Aix-Marseille Université - CNRS - Université de Provence - Aix-Marseille 1 - Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille 2); Martine Sigal (LEST - Laboratoire d'économie et de sociologie du travail - Fédération Hospitalière de France)
    Abstract: This special issue is concerned with knowledge sharing and boundary crossing. Knowledge management is a constantly expanding field. Like any research area, it is shot through with complex questions. This is certainly the case with regard to boundaries, since they constitute both a bounding line that has to be crossed if the knowledge required for innovation is to be diffused and a form of protection for scientific and technological organisations and institutions. The studies published in this special issue clearly illustrate this complexity, since they are concerned with processes such as learning, the dynamic of expertise, the joint creation of knowledge, the resource-based view, brokering activities, HRM (Human Resources Management) processes and the dynamic of scientific disciplines. The objects under investigation are very diverse; they include project teams, luxury hotels, urban projects, hospitals, clusters, the aeronautics industry and agricultural systems. These studies draw on approaches that have become established over time. There is a history behind the succession of approaches in the field of knowledge management (Snowden, 2002),so it may be useful to put these various pieces of research into context. The central question of this special issue is that of boundaries: between projects, between organisations, between types of knowledge, between scientific disciplines and, of course, between actors. This examination of boundaries leads to a state of the art review that begins with the question of knowledge transfer. Van Wijk & al. (2008) consider the antecedents of the transfer considering three major topics: knowledge, organizational and network characteristics. We take adifferent approachusing ahistorical approach to theconcepts. Following Tsoukas (1996, 2009), we propose to criticize the dominant approach of the transfer. In addition, we want to show and comment the change from the concept of knowledge transfer to the concept of boundary. In a constructivist way (Le Moigne, 1994, Von Glasersfeld, 1995) and with Holford (2015) we propose the concept of boundary construction in order to underline the role of interactions " actors-objects-actors " .
    Keywords: Communities of practice,Knowledge-based systems,Cognition,Knowledge transfer,Interaction,Knowledge sharing
    Date: 2015–10–01
  2. By: Arora A.; Athreye S.; Huang C. (UNU-MERIT)
    Abstract: We revisit the paradox of openness in the literature which consists of two conflicting views on the link between patenting and open innovation-the spillover prevention and the organisational openness views. We use the data from the Survey of Innovation and Patent Use and the Community Innovation Survey CIS6 in the UK to assess the empirical support for the distinct predictions of these theories. We argue that both patenting and external sourcing openness are jointly-determined decisions made by firms. Their relationship is contingent upon whether the firms are technically superior to their rivals and lead in the market or not. Leading firms are more vulnerable to unintended knowledge spillovers during collaboration as compared to followers, and consequently, the increase in patenting due to openness is higher for leaders than for followers. We develop a simple framework that allows us to formally derive the empirical implications of this hypothesis and test it by estimating whether the reduced form relationship between patenting and collaboration is stronger for leaders than for followers.
    Keywords: Management of Technological Innovation and R&D; Intellectual Property Rights;
    JEL: O32 O34
    Date: 2015
  3. By: Akcomak S.; Garcia A.; Santiago-Rodriguez F. (UNU-MERIT)
    Abstract: This paper contributes to literature on the emergence of innovation studies as a scientific field. This area of research documents the mechanisms, interactions and meeting spaces that innovation scholars have developed to give substance and legitimacy to their work. What role is there for the training of young scholars in the development of this scientific field Based on a web survey of UNU-MERITs PhD alumni, we explore the ways in which doctoral training at a major research institute has contributed to the formation of young scholars in the broad field of innovation studies. In line with literature on the creation of science and technology human capital, we find that doctoral training grants PhD holders the technical knowledge and skills, together with the relational skills that sustain their membership and scholarly contributions to innovation studies. The evidence likewise suggests that the contribution of UNU-MERITs PhD programme on the building of innovation research capacities in developing countries is constrained by postgraduate decisions to stay in the developed world. Young scholars follow a career development strategy of linking to mentors and key senior researchers, while scientific interactions with fellow students are more limited. Social interactions tend to be more prominent for maintaining relations with the research community.
    Keywords: Network Formation and Analysis: Theory; Higher Education and Research Institutions; Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights: General;
    JEL: D85 I23 O30
    Date: 2015
  4. By: Bottai, carlo; Iori, Martina (University of Turin)
    Abstract: We will use an Agent-Based Model in order to study how innovation can emerge from the interaction between firms. In particular, we are interested in studying how the clusters that emerges from these interactions influence the ability of bounded rational firms in reacting creatively to out-of-equilibrium conditions. Moreover, we will introduce two type of firms – traditional and innovative – and we will observe if and how this difference influences the outcomes.
    Date: 2015–07
  5. By: Antonelli, Cristiano; David, Paul (University of Turin)
    Date: 2015–10
  6. By: Hemmert, Martin
    Abstract: Informal social ties have long been recognized as relevant not only for interaction between individuals, but also for knowledge transfer and other important outcomes of business activities. This applies in particular to East Asian countries such as South Korea where informal networks are widely believed to be prevalent in economy and society. However, less is known about their role in interorganizational collaboration efforts, such as research collaborations. This research examines the relevance of interpersonal and interorganizational ties for interaction quality and outcomes of research collaborations in South Korea. Two types of research collaborations are studied: new product development (NPD) collaborations between companies and university-industry research collaborations (UICs). Interpersonal ties are found in a majority of both types of collaborations being studied. However, whereas interorganizational tie strength is strongly related to interaction quality and outcomes of research partnerships, interpersonal ties are not. Implications for research and for the management of interorganizational research collaborations are shown.
    Keywords: social ties,research collaborations,interaction quality,knowledge acquisition,Korea
    Date: 2015
  7. By: Claude Paraponaris (LEST - Laboratoire d'économie et de sociologie du travail - AMU - Aix-Marseille Université - CNRS - Université de Provence - Aix-Marseille 1 - Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille 2)
    Abstract: Cette communication s'intéresse au partage des connaissances et au dépassement des frontières d'un point de vue essentiellement conceptuel. Les frontières représentent une limite à franchir pour diffuser des connaissances afin d'innover en même temps qu'elles représentent une protection pour les organisations et les institutions scientifiques et techniques. Les frontières sont multiples et a priori objectives : entre projets, entre organisations, entre types de connaissance, entre disciplines scientifiques et bien entendu entre acteurs. Mais sont-elles si objectives que cela ? La succession des approches possède une histoire dans le domaine du knowledge management (Snowden, 2002), aussi il peut être utile de resituer le propos de ces différentes recherches.
    Keywords: Transfert culturel,Transfert d'activité,partage des connaissances,frontière
    Date: 2015–06–24
  8. By: Muhammad Ali (School of Economics and Business Administration, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena); Uwe Cantner (School of Economics and Business Administration, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena); Ipsita Roy
    Abstract: The paper extends the findings of Coe and Helpman (1995) model of R&D spillovers by considering foreign direct investment (FDI) as a channel for knowl- edge spillovers in addition to imports. Deeper insights on the issue are provided by examining inter-relationship between knowledge spillovers from imports and inward FDI. Moreover, human capital is added to the discussion as one of the appropri- ability conditions for knowledge spillovers. However, in comparison to most studies that rely on physical, monetary or indicator-based measures of human capital, the current study proposes a quality-based indicator of human capital that allows for better comparison of human capital stock across countries. Quality adjusted hu- man capital is derived by weighting human capital data based on average years of schooling using journal publications in science and technology and patent ap- plications. Using cointegration estimation method on 20 European countries from 1995 to 2010, the direct effects of FDI-related as well as import-related spillovers on domestic productivity are confirmed. Furthermore, a strong complementary rela- tionship is found between knowledge spillovers through the channels of imports and inward FDI implying strong joint effect on domestic productivity. When consider- ing quality-adjusted human capital, countries with better human capital are found to benefit not only from direct productivity effects, but also from absorption and transmission of international knowledge spillovers through imports and inward FDI. Finally, technological distance with the frontier does not appear to play a role in the absorption of knowledge spillovers.
    Keywords: Knowledge spillovers, foreign direct investment, international trade, human capital
    JEL: F14 I25 J24
    Date: 2015–10–08
  9. By: Koschatzky, Knut; Kroll, Henning; Meyborg, Mirja; Stahlecker, Thomas; Dwertmann, Anne; Huber, Monika
    Date: 2015
  10. By: Antonelli, Cristiano; David, Paul (University of Turin)
    Date: 2015–10

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