nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2015‒10‒10
nine papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Regional innovation system (in)efficiency and its determinants: an empirical evidence from Italian regions By Barra, Cristian; Zotti, Roberto
  2. From demand-pull and technology-push innovations, towards knowledge-based innovation systems. Evidence from Albanian small and medium enterprises. By Erind Hoti; Gentian Hoxhalli
  3. Research Productivity in Management Schools of India: A Directional Benefit-of-Doubt Model Analysis By Sahoo, Biresh; Singh, Ramadhar; Mishra, Bineet; Sankaran, Krithiga
  4. Advancing research through a university-community partnership By Catherine N Dulmus; Maria Cristalli
  5. A learning-capacity framework: knowledge reconfiguration and knowledge orientation By Julian Pineres Ramirez
  6. Hofstede Vectors: A Visualization Approach to Cultural Factors in the Knowledge Transfer - International Business Team Optimization Model By Arthur Pantelides
  7. Network Business Environment for Open Innovation in SMEs By Ţoniş BuceaManea, Rocsana; Catană, Mădălin Gabriel; Tonoiu, Sergiu
  8. ID-RECCO, A new collaborative work tool to improve knowledge on redd+ projects: sources, methodology and data. By Gabriela Simonet; Coline Seyller
  9. Absorber les connaissances, mais comment ? Mobilité des chercheurs ou coopération avec la recherche publique pour innover ? By Virginie Jacquier-Roux; Claude Paraponaris; Mahfoud Boudis

  1. By: Barra, Cristian; Zotti, Roberto
    Abstract: This paper investigates the regional innovation system (RIS) efficiency, and its determinants, in Italy through a Stochastic Frontier Analysis and using the concept of a knowledge production function. The contribution of universities’, private and public sectors’ resources devoted to research and development (R&D), in generating innovation, has been examined, as well as the impact of several exogenous environmental variables on RIS efficiency. The empirical findings suggest the importance of R&D investments taking place in the universities and in the private sector, which benefit the most to regional innovation activities; labour market and industries’ characteristics are found to have an important role on RIS efficiency.
    Keywords: Regional innovation system, Technical efficiency. Knowledge production function
    JEL: C14 C67 O31
    Date: 2015–10–01
  2. By: Erind Hoti (European University of Tirana); Gentian Hoxhalli (European University of Tirana)
    Abstract: This paper focuses at small and medium enterprises (SMEs) which are facing growing competition. Technological innovation and the increasing role of knowledge exploitation in the enterprise, provide an important source of innovation and competitive advantage. Technological innovation is being perceived to a greater extent as a continuous, collaborative, multi-actor process requiring new collaboration-supporting technologies and focusing on knowledge and social dynamics perspectives. This paper tries to determine if any relationships do exist between measures for adapting technological innovation in SMEs and whether these are caused by a technology-push or demand-pull. It also aims at verifying if activities related to knowledge management in the enterprise lead to planned or incidental innovations. In doing so we get insights on how different activities could affect technological innovation and it contributes to the small business management literature by adding to the body of knowledge on technological innovation adaption and utilization in SMEs. The empirical investigation is carried out in an emerging market nation such as Albania
    Keywords: SMEs, technology innovation, knowledge management, emerging market economy
    JEL: O30 M20 O32
  3. By: Sahoo, Biresh; Singh, Ramadhar; Mishra, Bineet; Sankaran, Krithiga
    Abstract: Given the growing emphasis on research productivity in management schools in India, the present authors developed a composite indicator (CI) of research productivity, using the directional benefit-of-doubt (D-BOD) model, which can serve as a valuable index of research productivity in India. Specifically, we examined overall research productivity of the schools and the faculty members during the 1968-2014 and 2004-2014 periods in a manner never done before. There are four key findings. First, the relative weights of the journal tier, total citations, impact factor, author h-index, number of papers, and journal h-index varied from high to low in order for estimating the CI of a faculty member. Second, both public and private schools were similar in research productivity. However, faculty members at the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) outperformed those at the Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs). Third, faculty members who had their doctoral degrees from foreign, relative to Indian, schools were more productive. Among those trained in India, alumni of IITs, compared to those of IIMs, were more productive. Finally, IIMs at Ahmedabad and Bangalore and the Indian School of Business, Hyderabad have seemingly more superstars than other schools among the top 5% researchers during 2004-2014. These findings indicate a shift in the priority from mere training of managers to generating impactful knowledge by at least two of the three established public schools, and call attention to improving the quality of doctoral training in India in general and IIMs in particular. Suggestions for improving research productivity are also offered.
    Keywords: Data envelopment analysis; Research productivity; Composite indicator; Business schools
    JEL: C61 D24 I23
    Date: 2015–05–01
  4. By: Catherine N Dulmus (University at Buffalo); Maria Cristalli (Hillside Family of Agencies)
    Abstract: Human service organizations are uniquely positioned given their scope of practice and access to consumers with the widest range of needs to significantly increase the national capacity for research if they were effectively equipped with the knowledge, skills and funding to integrate research and development into their on-going organizational activities. A university-community research partnership is one approach to achieving this goal. This presentation describes the Hillside/University at Buffalo (HUB) Research Model, a formal research partnership between Hillside Family of Agencies (HFA) in Rochester, NY and the Buffalo Center for Social Research (BCSR) at the University at Buffalo. The HUB Research Model combines the practice expertise and research subject access of HFA with the BCSR research expertise and resources to develop collaboratively a vibrant research partnership based on community-based participatory research principles that garners the strengths and assets of both partners to realize a true research to practice and practice to research agenda. The HUB Research Model is based on CBPR principles that hold much promise for decreasing the 17-year delay between development of new knowledge and the availability of that knowledge at the practice setting. When researchers and practitioners form a research partnership whereby each are contributing members in the development of research questions, methodological design, data collection and analysis, as well as dissemination of findings everyone benefits in a variety of ways. Subsequently, when you train MSW and doctoral students within the HUB Research Model a new generation of practitioners and scholars are developed with knowledge of CBPR and an understanding and value of community-based research. Potential benefits abound for clients, agencies, universities and students alike.
    Keywords: Research partnerships, University-community partnerships, CBPR
  5. By: Julian Pineres Ramirez (Faculty of Economics and Management, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Cali)
    Abstract: This paper proposes a framework for understanding the process of learning capacity building at firm level. Drawing upon the literature on organizational learning, knowledge management, absorptive capacity and dynamic capability, the framework offers a window that enables observation of how organizations integrate and diffuse knowledge into their routines. Moreover, building from an evolutionary perspective it traces the relationship between the learning and the technological trajectories along the firm’s life cycle.The framework assumes that learning occurs through actions, which involve not only the cognition of individuals but also collective meaning, with the intention to change behaviours – and therefore routines – through a process of ‘sensemaking’. These intentions represented through events are defined here as ‘learning schemes’. Defining the learning schemes (through learning events) as the units within which knowledge integration and learning can be observed brings about a discussion which refers to the organization as a social structure of shared perspectives in which actions are a response to the organizational context but are based on individual interpretation, and it is the individuals who finally search for new interpretative systems.
    Keywords: knowledge integration, learning, capacity building and capabilities
    JEL: M1 L2
    Date: 2015–04
  6. By: Arthur Pantelides (Sumitomo Drive Technologies)
    Abstract: There is no universal management style. Managing across diverse cultural teams in this age of diffused, widespread globalization can be a challenge. Diversity, within a workplace represented by multiple time-zones, is the new norm for many companies. With this in mind, there is an increasing need to understand the processes & systems, organizational and managerial mechanisms & styles that contribute to successful internationally-based projects. At the core of such systems and teams is the notion of effective communication, of effective transfer of real meaning leading to real knowledge transfer across international team members and managers. This then is expected to greatly and directly affect the success of global business projects. This fundamental relationship between knowledge transfer and international business project success has been investigated, quantitatively modeled, and results published in an original doctoral dissertation by the author. The foundation of the work was based on research and data gathered from 69 international companies across the US, Europe, and Japan. The original model was further optimized and new results were published and presented in the form of a software-based decision tool which offered greater utility.This paper further expands the original work of the author in two areas. It presents a rigorous system test in the form of verification and validation analysis of the original concept and decision-tool. This is accomplished using specific data from 56 large industrial projects, across 16 countries, involving 5 subsidiaries of a well-known international corporation over a two year period from January 2013 to December 2014. Furthermore and as a subsequent step towards further improvement of utility, the distinct and original concept of ‘Hofstede Vectors’ is proposed and integrated into the model. The novel concept was established from Dutch psychologist Geert Hofstede’s well-known and widely-accepted research establishing his cultural dimensions theory. Hofstede Vectors are presented as a visualization knowledge optimization tool in the knowledge transfer - team culture – business success relationship triad. After establishing the concept, the paper further presents ways of visualizing the analysis through graphical vector based techniques, and, interpreting quantitative results into practical real-world constructs for optimizing business teams. Utilizing actual project data, the concept is then verified, validated and integrated into the original model. The paper makes contributions on various levels of international business. The newly-established Hofstede Vector concept provides a construct for optimizing knowledge transfer and global business team performance.
    Keywords: International business, knowledge transfer, Hofstede-Vector, business teams, corporate culture
    JEL: L00 O22
  7. By: Ţoniş BuceaManea, Rocsana; Catană, Mădălin Gabriel; Tonoiu, Sergiu
    Abstract: The SMEs represent an important factor of growth in both developed and developing countries, into which, however, they face different obstacles in the process of innovation. This paper analyses how open communication and collaboration can help SMEs in their struggle for sustainable innovation and profitable market competition. Based on a literature review, a number of obstacles that SMEs have to overcome in their current activity and possible support to be competitive are revealed. The main benefits and particularities of implementing open innovation in SMEs are presented. The necessity of a supportive business environment for SMEs is demonstrated. An outline of an improved model for SMEs is presented. Introduction
    Keywords: open innovation, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), network business environment, technological infrastructure, legal framework, model of innovation for SMEs.
    JEL: M15
    Date: 2014
  8. By: Gabriela Simonet; Coline Seyller
    Abstract: This paper describes the methodology and data used for the construction of a collaborative work tool focused on REDD+ projects and called ID-RECCO, which stands for ‘International Database on REDD+ Projects linking Economic, Carbon and Communities data’. ID-RECCO links 110 variables informing on several aspects of REDD+ projects: carbon certification, sources of financing, socio-economic expected impacts, project proponents and general features of the project. As of October 2014, we have collected data on 410 projects, 57 countries and 362 project proponents. This database is innovative in the sense it is the first time such a large amount of information is collected on REDD+ projects globally, in a format adequate for research purpose and analysis.The database will be available online by the end of 2015 to serve the REDD+ community. It will be particularly useful for researchers who work on REDD+ issues, but it will also constitute a unique learning unit for project proponents and governments who are implementing REDD+ actions at different scales.
    Keywords: REDD+ projects, Worldide, Database, Knowledge representation, Climate Change, Forests
    Date: 2015
  9. By: Virginie Jacquier-Roux (CREG - Centre de recherche en économie de Grenoble - Grenoble 2 UPMF - Université Pierre Mendès France); Claude Paraponaris (LEST - Laboratoire d'économie et de sociologie du travail - AMU - Aix-Marseille Université - CNRS - Université de Provence - Aix-Marseille 1 - Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille 2); Mahfoud Boudis (STeamer - LIG - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Grenoble - CNRS - Grenoble 2 UPMF - Université Pierre Mendès France - Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble (INPG) - Grenoble 1 UJF - Université Joseph Fourier)
    Abstract: Cette communication compare d’un point de vue historique et stratégique deux grands canaux : la mobilité des professionnels vis-à-vis de la recherche publique, et la collaboration avec des laboratoires académiques. Pour cela nous présentons, à partir de l’exploitation de données statistiques du cas français, un modèle d’évolution de l’équilibre entre mobilité et coopérations externes. Une première partie présentera le cadre analytique proposé pour comprendre comment les entreprises ont, à travers le temps, géré leurs personnels de R&D dans des configurations organisationnelles de plus en plus hybrides, où la mobilité des chercheurs et ingénieurs et leurs coopérations externes s’articulent. Cette partie débouche sur la proposition de notre modèle. La deuxième partie présente les données originales que nous utilisons, pour retracer mobilités et coopérations dans le cadre des relations des entreprises avec la recherche académique, et les premiers résultats d’ensemble au niveau français. La troisième partie propose une discussion de ces résultats en relation avec le modèle proposé.
    Keywords: connaissance , entreprise , établissement public , innovation , mobilité de la main d'oeuvre , modèle , recherche et développement , réseau
    Date: 2015–09–17

This nep-knm issue is ©2015 by Laura Ştefănescu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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