nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2015‒09‒11
seven papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Forms of knowledge and eco-innovation modes: Evidence from Spanish manufacturing firms By Alberto Marzucchi; Sandro Montresor
  2. Taking into account hidden innovation in innovation networks: the role of public-private innovation networks in services By Faridah Djellal; Faïz Gallouj
  3. De la participation à la coopération entre enseignants et étudiants dans le cadre d'un espace de coworking à l'université By Ingrid Fasshauer; Claudie Meyer; Christian Bourret
  4. Network Effects in Knowledge Creation: Evidence from Academia By Nelson Sá; Ana Paula Ribeiro; Vitor Carvalho
  5. Business science links for a new growth path By Jürgen Janger
  6. Human Capital-Economic Growth Nexus: A Causality Analysis for Pakistan By Khan, Jangraiz; Khattak, Naeem Ur Rehman Khattak; Khan, Amir
  7. A Reputation Economy: Results from an Empirical Survey on Academic Data Sharing By Benedikt Fecher; Sascha Friesike; Marcel Hebing; Stephanie Linek; Armin Sauermann

  1. By: Alberto Marzucchi (Catholic University of Milan (Italy)); Sandro Montresor (Kore University of Enna (Italy))
    Abstract: This paper investigates the relevance of different forms of knowledge for the firm’s propensity to pursue eco-innovation (EI) strategies. The incidence of different types of internal and external knowledge is disentangled in search of specific EI-modes. We employ panel data on around 4,700 manufacturing firms from the Spanish PITEC dataset. Results show that a Science, Technology, EI-mode (STEI) prevails, though generally in an attenuated way, in the use of internal knowledge, with R&D knowledge more pivotal than some (embodied vs. disembodied) non-R&D one. On the other hand, a synthetic kind of external knowledge, typically drawn from business actors, is more important than the analytical one mainly coming from the “world of science”, suggesting a Doing, Using, Interacting EI-mode (DUIEI) in external terms. Overall, a hybrid EI-mode emerges across the internal and external realm of the firm, with interesting qualifications when specific EI strategies (e.g. cleaner production technologies vs. product eco-innovations) are considered.
    Keywords: Eco-innovation, knowledge, innovation modes, DUI, STI
    JEL: Q55 O31 O32
    Date: 2015–09
  2. By: Faridah Djellal (CLERSE - Centre lillois d'études et de recherches sociologiques et économiques - CNRS - Université Lille 1 - Sciences et technologies); Faïz Gallouj (CLERSE - Centre lillois d'études et de recherches sociologiques et économiques - CNRS - Université Lille 1 - Sciences et technologies)
    Abstract: Public-private innovation networks in services (PPINS) are a new expression of traditional innovation networks (INs) in contemporary service economies. There are a number of ways in which this new expression differs from the other. It differs from it, first of all, by its emphasis on market services and on public and non-market services in the dynamics of innovation. But PPINS differ from INs most of all in the nature of the innovation that is taken into account (which is the subject of the network implementation). This innovation is no longer limited to economic and technological innovation, but also includes non-technological and social innovation-which most often remain invisible to our traditional analytical tools. The purpose of this paper is to examine how PPINS contribute to the implementation of invisible innovations, and thus to the introduction of invisible/hidden innovation within the innovation network tradition. It addresses the following three points: i) the nature of the invisible innovation implemented within PPINS, ii) the invisible innovation organization modes within PPINS, iii) the public policy consequences of the focus on invisible innovation (and corresponding PPINS).
    Date: 2015–06
  3. By: Ingrid Fasshauer (DICEN IDF - Dispositifs d'Information et de Communication à l'Ère du Numérique - UP10 - Université Paris 10, Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers [CNAM] : EA7339); Claudie Meyer (DICEN IDF - Dispositifs d'Information et de Communication à l'Ère du Numérique - UP10 - Université Paris 10, Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers [CNAM] : EA7339); Christian Bourret (DICEN IDF - Dispositifs d'Information et de Communication à l'Ère du Numérique - UP10 - Université Paris 10, Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense - UPEM - Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée - Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers [CNAM] : EA7339)
    Abstract: En janvier 2014, le 1 er espace français de coworking à l'université est inauguré. Résultat d'une coopération inédite entre étudiants, enseignants, services administratifs et collectivités territoriales, il est destiné à donner lieu à de nouvelles pratiques pédagogiques et servir d'espace de co-construction et d'expérimentation de nouveaux services. Il s'agit de dépasser la participation des étudiants pendant le cours pour passer à un mode de fonctionnement collaboratif, c'est-à-dire la pleine contribution des étudiants au contenu de la formation, qui en deviennent ainsi les acteurs. La communication vise à identifier les différentes formes et les déterminants de la coopération entre enseignants et étudiants dans un espace de coworking. Elle conclut sur les perspectives offertes par un tel lieu pour l'innovation pédagogique et l'innovation de services.
    Date: 2015–06–30
  4. By: Nelson Sá (Department of Economics, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, New York 12604, USA); Ana Paula Ribeiro (CEF.UP and FEP, Universidade do Porto, Portugal); Vitor Carvalho (CEF.UP and FEP, Universidade do Porto, Portugal)
    Abstract: This paper makes use of a sample of articles published between 1999 and 2013 by economists affiliated in Portuguese institutions to examine the impact of co-authorship over the quality of academic research. We build a unique database to characterize the role played by distinct affiliations and educational backgrounds on this process, while controlling for experience and individual quality levels. Mentoring relations are identified as one possible source of negative bias on the measurement of teamwork productivity, which we proxy for and quantify here for the first time. The empirical results also suggest that co-authorship across domestic institutions does not carry any significant impact on research quality, but international collaboration enhances it. A doctorate earned abroad is shown to directly improve publication outcomes, besides making it easier to establish partnerships across frontiers. These findings underscore the importance of accessing external knowledge networks in academia, offering relevant policy insights for a large number of small and less developed countries.
    Keywords: Knowledge Networks; Co-Authorship; Academic Productivity
    JEL: A11 J44 I23
    Date: 2015–09
  5. By: Jürgen Janger
    Abstract: Policies towards business science links have been driven by the concept of the entrepreneurial university, i.e. encouraging universities to directly contribute to economic development through commercialization of their discoveries, e.g. through licensing of patents or start-ups, but also through collaborative R&D with firms. However, efforts to increase the entrepreneurship of universities have seldom targeted the first two missions of universities, research and teaching. Evidence shows that any entrepreneurship can only be as strong as the quality of research and teaching. Based on a conceptual model of universities’ role in innovative activity and a review of the evidence, this paper has tried to argue that a narrow focus on linking universities with firms and society without making sure that universities’ first two missions - research and teaching - work well is an ineffective approach towards increasing the contribution of universities to innovative activity, and hence to a new growth path. In particular, the role of training graduates is not stressed enough, while by far the biggest contribution of universities to innovative activities.
    Date: 2015–08
  6. By: Khan, Jangraiz; Khattak, Naeem Ur Rehman Khattak; Khan, Amir
    Abstract: This paper concentrates on the role of human capital in economic growth of Pakistan during the period 1971-2012.Granger Causality test has been used as analytical technique for this purpose. The study used research and development (R&D), education and health as proxies for human capital. The results confirm the role of human capital in the economic growth of the study area. The results show that human capital in form of research and development (R&D) Granger caused economic growth during the study period. Moreover, unidirectional causal relationships exist among different levels of education, physical capital, R&D and economic growth. Realizing the significance of human capital for sustained economic growth of the country, it is suggested to increase investment in R&D, health and education sector of Pakistan.
    Keywords: Causality, Human Capital, Research and Development, Physical Capital, Economic Growth
    JEL: E24 J2 J21 O32 O47 O49
    Date: 2015–04
  7. By: Benedikt Fecher; Sascha Friesike; Marcel Hebing; Stephanie Linek; Armin Sauermann
    Abstract: Academic data sharing is a way for researchers to collaborate and thereby meet the needs of an increasingly complex research landscape. It enables researchers to verify results and to pursuit new research questions with “old” data. It is therefore not surprising that data sharing is advocated by funding agencies, journals, and researchers alike. We surveyed 2661 individual academic researchers across all disciplines on their dealings with data, their publication practices, and motives for sharing or withholding research data. The results for 1564 valid responses show that researchers across disciplines recognise the benefit of secondary research data for their own work and for scientific progress as a whole—still they only practice it in moderation. An explanation for this evidence could be an academic system that is not driven by monetary incentives, nor the desire for scientific progress, but by individual reputation—expressed in (high ranked journal) publications. We label this system a Reputation Economy. This special economy explains our findings that show that researchers have a nuanced idea how to provide adequate formal recognition for making data available to others—namely data citations. We conclude that data sharing will only be widely adopted among research professionals if sharing pays in form of reputation. Thus, policy measures that intend to foster research collaboration need to understand academia as a reputation economy. Successful measures must value intermediate products, such as research data, more highly than it is the case now.
    Keywords: data sharing, research policy, reputation, science, survey research
    JEL: C81 D02 D23 L89
    Date: 2015

This nep-knm issue is ©2015 by Laura Ştefănescu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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