nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2015‒08‒25
seven papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Early Purchaser Involvement in Open Innovation- the case of an advanced purchasing function triggering the absorption of external knowledge in the French automotive industry By Romaric Servajean-Hilst; Katia Picaud
  2. Modalities of coordination inside innovative collaborative projects: between face-to-face interactions and interactions at a distance By Bastien Bernela; Rachel Levy
  3. Firm persistence in technological innovation: the relevance of organizational innovation By Naciba Haned; Caroline Mothe; Nguyen-Thi Thuc Uyen
  4. Using Health Text Messges to Improve Consumer Health Knowledge, Behaviors, and Outcomes: An Environmental Scan By Mathematica Policy Research; Public Health Institute
  5. A methodology for the development of innovation clusters: application in the health care sector By Benjamin Zimmer; Julie Stal-Le Cardinal; Bernard Yannou; Gilles Le Cardinal; François Piette; Vincent Boly
  6. Knowledge Engineering or Digital Humanities? Territorial Intelligence, a Case in Point By Francis Rousseaux; Pierre Saurel; Jean Petit
  7. Architectural Knowledge: key flows and processes in designing an inter-organizational technological platform By Amel Attour; Maelle Della-Peruta

  1. By: Romaric Servajean-Hilst (CRG - Centre de recherche en gestion - Polytechnique - X - CNRS); Katia Picaud (Audencia Recherche - Audencia)
    Abstract: This paper investigates the mechanisms that trigger the absorption of external knowledge in an innovative French automotive firm. An ethnographic-inspired study conducted by an academic embedded within the Innovation Purchasing Department has enable us to present a rare and new function of Purchasing that plays an important role between potential new suppliers and Research and Development personnel.
    Date: 2014–04–14
  2. By: Bastien Bernela (CRIEF - Centre de Recherche sur l'Intégration Economique et Financière - Université de Poitiers); Rachel Levy (LEREPS - Laboratoire d'Etude et de Recherche sur l'Economie, les Politiques et les Systèmes Sociaux - Institut d'Études Politiques [IEP] - Toulouse - UT1 - Université Toulouse 1 Capitole - UTM - Université Toulouse 2 Le Mirail - École Nationale de Formation Agronomique - ENFA)
    Abstract: This research aims to characterize interactions between partners within collaborative projects for innovation. We use data from an online survey sent to all the partners involved in projects labelled by a French competitiveness cluster. The partners have assessed the frequency of face-to-face interactions and interactions at a distance with each other partner of the same project. From the 754 inter-organizational ties, we observe heterogeneity of interactions in terms of existence and frequency. Although the role of the project coordinator and partners' acquaintanceship stimulates interactions, we show that geographical proximity has a positive impact only on face-to-face interactions. Finally, a cross-analysis of the two forms of interactions highlights the existence of both complementarity and substitutability cases, but this latter is possible only if a minimum of face-to-face interactions occurs.
    Abstract: Cette recherche vise à caractériser les interactions entre partenaires dans le cadre de projets collaboratifs pour l'innovation. Les données mobilisées proviennent d'une enquête en ligne adressée à l'ensemble des partenaires impliqués dans des projets labellisés par un pôle de compétitivité français. Les acteurs ont évalué la fréquence de leurs interactions en face-à-face et à distance avec chacun des autres partenaires impliqués dans le même projet. A partir des 754 liens inter-organisationnels étudiés, on observe une hétérogénéité des interactions en termes d'existence et de fréquence. Si le rôle des coordinateurs des projets et de la connaissance antérieure des partenaires stimule les interactions, nous montrons que la proximité géographique n'a un impact positif que sur les interactions en face-à-face. Enfin, l'analyse croisée des deux types d'interactions met en évidence l'existence à la fois de configurations de complémentarité et de substituabilité, cette dernière n'étant possible que s'il existe un minimum d'interactions en face-à-face.
    Date: 2014–11–20
  3. By: Naciba Haned (ESDES - École de management de Lyon - Université Catholique de Lyon); Caroline Mothe (IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - Université de Savoie); Nguyen-Thi Thuc Uyen (CEPS/INSTEAD - Centre d'Etudes de Populations, de Pauvreté et de Politiques Socio-Economiques / International Networks for Studies in Technology, Environment, Alternatives, Development - Centre d'Etudes de Populations, de Pauvreté et de Politiques Socio-Economiques / International Networks for Studies in Technology, Environment, Alternatives, Development)
    Abstract: Organizational innovation favors technological innovation, but does it also influence persistence in technological innovation? This article empirically investigates the pattern of technological innovation persistence and tests the potential impact of organizational innovation using firm-level data from three waves of French Community Innovation Surveys. The evidence indicates a positive effect of organizational innovation on persistence in technological innovation, according to various measures of organizational innovation. Moreover, this impact is more significant for complex innovators, i.e. those who innovate in both products and processes. The results highlight the complexity of managing organizational practices with regard to the technological innovation of firms. They also add to understanding of the drivers of innovation persistence through the focus on an often-forgotten dimension of innovation in a broader sense.
    Date: 2014
  4. By: Mathematica Policy Research; Public Health Institute
    Abstract: With the recent proliferation of health text messaging applications in the United States, emphasis should be placed on addressing gaps in knowledge about the effectiveness and acceptance of health text messaging programs.
    Keywords: Health Text Messages, Consumer Health, Knowledge, Behaviors, Environmental Scan
    JEL: I
    Date: 2014–05–30
  5. By: Benjamin Zimmer (Computer Science Department - Linnaeus University); Julie Stal-Le Cardinal (LGI - Laboratoire Génie Industriel - EA 2606 - Ecole Centrale Paris, Ecole Centrale Paris - Ecole Centrale Paris); Bernard Yannou (LGI - Laboratoire Génie Industriel - EA 2606 - Ecole Centrale Paris); Gilles Le Cardinal (UTC - Université de Technologie de Compiègne [Compiègne]); François Piette (Faculté de Médecine - Université Pierre et Marie Curie); Vincent Boly (ERPI - Equipe de Recherche sur les Processus Innovatifs - Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine (INPL) - Ecole Nationale Supérieure en Génie des Systèmes Industriels)
    Abstract: For more than 10 years, the French State and administrative regions have pursued economic development policies that stimulate all forms of innovation and encourage strategic market alliances of the economic stakeholders of a region. These “cluster” policies aim to create ecosystems that are conducive to innovation and promote the emergence of collaborative organizations. Among these innovation clusters, we are concerned with those in the health care field pertaining to aging and autonomy. Business models and action plans for these collaborative organizations are neither easy to define nor easy to stabilize and reinforce, because of the diversity of stakeholders with multiple expectations involved. This paper presents an application of the FAcT-Mirror method in the Sol’iage innovation cluster during its development stage. We demonstrate that the FAcT-Mirror method is particularly efficient and effective during the process of transformation from the emerging stage (stage of intention) to the development stage (stage of action) for a health care cluster to collectively produce common tools (definitions, strategy, working groups, and action plans).
    Date: 2014
  6. By: Francis Rousseaux (URCA - Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne); Pierre Saurel (SND - Sciences, Normes, Décision - Sciences, Normes, Décision); Jean Petit (URCA - Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne)
    Abstract: Knowledge Engineering (KE) usually deals with representation and visualization challenges, sometimes socio or bio inspired, collective aspects being quite often taken into account. Nevertheless with knowledge-based Territorial Intelligence, KE is faced with natively situated know-how, distributed hope and network-centered emerging organizations, as far as this domain aims at providing tools to support and develop our local and territorial communities. Furthermore knowledge-based Territorial Intelligence has to cope with its own paradoxes and success, to challenge its sustainable existence: as a matter of fact, thanks to big data and its digital tools, people may have thought that they where living in a global village, territories-independent, practicing a perpetual nomadism. So they now require participation for defining their collective policies and social perspectives, leading to their common sustainable development. How knowledge-based Territorial Intelligence will manage to make available efficient solutions to support and develop our original way to collectively inhabit places and earth? That is the question we try to present throughout some technical and scientific aspects along this dedicated chapter.
    Date: 2014–01–01
  7. By: Amel Attour (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - CNRS - UNS - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis); Maelle Della-Peruta (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - CNRS - UNS - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis)
    Abstract: The main objective is to identify which knowledge flows are key elements for designing an inter-organisational technological platform. It mobilizes two theories: the literature of platform strategies and the architectural innovation theory. In the literature, the technological platform is already existing, is the property of only one firm and it is the starting point for an inter-organisational innovation process because it is enhanced and enriched by niche players. This paper considers the case of a digital business ecosystem where the technological platform doesn't already exist and it is co-designed. We study the design process of an inter-organisational technological platform and, more specifically, its emergence, its development, and its potential evolution. The issue is to know how and under which conditions and with what objective an emerging technological platform is fundamental to the analysis of the emergence of the business ecosystem and the strategic positioning of each member.
    Date: 2014

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