nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2015‒05‒09
five papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Dispositifs, contraintes et opportunités de l’innovation en Tunisie By Dhaoui, Elwardi
  2. Innovative Asia: Advancing the Knowledge-Based Economy: The Next Policy Agenda By Asian Development Bank (ADB); ; ;
  3. Innovative Asia: Advancing the Knowledge-Based Economy: Country Case Studies for the PRC, India, Indonesia, and Kazakhstan By Asian Development Bank (ADB); Asian Development Bank (ADB); Asian Development Bank (ADB); Asian Development Bank (ADB)
  4. Learning to learn for innovation and sustainable development By van Kleef, J.A.G.
  5. Innovación y competitividad en una selección de los estados de México By Kurt Unger

  1. By: Dhaoui, Elwardi
    Abstract: Innovation is a  polymorph, complex and multifaceted phenomenon. The changing context of Economic issues gives innovation a central role in the performance of Tunisian firms. In recent years, Tunisia's economy has become more complex and knowledge-based while recording remarkable performances compared to similarcountries. However, it has yet to realize its potential for innovation. The transition from a Fordis economy type to a knowledge-based economy requires the generalization of a productive model based on Network and Communication Technologies, coupled with internal resources knowledge and creative organization providing a central place to Research and Development(R&D). This Tribune examines the innovation effort in Tunisia, the performance in terms of innovation, international experiences and some strategic options for reform.
    Keywords: Innovation;R&D; Product complexity; opportunit of gains; Tunisia
    JEL: O32 O33 O34 O38
    Date: 2015–04
  2. By: Asian Development Bank (ADB); (Regional and Sustainable Development Department, ADB); ;
    Abstract: This study outlines policy actions required in developing countries of Asia to advance as knowledge-based economies. The study uses the four pillars of the Knowledge Economy Index to benchmark the performance of developing economies in Asia against advanced economies of the world. It analyzes opportunities by which Asia’s middle and low income countries can tap new technology trends to move up global value chains and towards high-income levels.
    Keywords: economic incentive and institutional regime; education and training; innovation; ICT; jugaad; knowledge-based economy; technology; research and development; science
    Date: 2014–09
  3. By: Asian Development Bank (ADB); Asian Development Bank (ADB) (Regional and Sustainable Development Department, ADB); Asian Development Bank (ADB) (Regional and Sustainable Development Department, ADB); Asian Development Bank (ADB)
    Abstract: This report presents the case studies of the People’s Republic of China, India, Indonesia and Kazakhstan in their knowledge-based economy approaches. It identifies a range of policies and initiatives that these economies need to consider to strengthen innovation led growth and make a transition from middle income to high income levels.
    Keywords: PRC; IND; INO; KAZ; economic incentive and institutional regime; education and training; innovation; ICT; jugaad; knowledge-based economy; technology; research and development; science
    Date: 2014–09
  4. By: van Kleef, J.A.G. (Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management)
    Abstract: Since the 1960s, the attention paid by policy makers and scientists to the negative environmental and social effects of economic development has grown steadily. However, although some progress has been made in a number of areas, unsustainable trends in the patterns of our systems of production and consumption have not changed to any significant degree. <br/>This research is based on the observation that innovation to improve sustainable development requires learning at societal, organizational and individual levels. Business practices influence the development of systems of production and consumption, and in order to move towards sustainable development there is a need for innovation in the way businesses learn and innovate. <br/>The research focuses on innovation processes and uses case studies of four innovation projects in the paper and board producing industry in The Netherlands. Three main aspects of innovation projects are identified: the development of innovation processes, the development of inter-organizational learning systems, and the development of capabilities that enable the innovation processes and the management of learning systems. On the basis of these aspects, a conceptual model is built that demonstrates the dynamics of inter-organizational learning for innovation. The conclusions drawn, with respect to learning for innovation and sustainable development, cover the fields of team diversity, learning from the past, joint decision-making, guidance by experienced senior managers, and dealing with the complexity of social issues and the dynamics of innovation projects.
    Date: 2014
  5. By: Kurt Unger (Division of Economics, CIDE)
    Abstract: In this paper we outline the hypothesis that innovation is fundamental to develop and to maintain sustainable economic competitiveness. The underlying premise is that competitiveness of firms, sectors, states, and countries is closely linked to innovation actions as a source of competitive advantages. We found evidence suggesting the importance of innovation in the competitiveness of the Mexican states. This result is robust, despite the limitations of data availability. The conclusion is that differentiated sectoral policies are needed to promote the competitiveness of the states, recognizing the particular characteristics of each case.
    Keywords: competitiveness, innovation, states.
    Date: 2015–03

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