nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2015‒01‒19
nine papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. International R&D spillovers and business service innovation By Foster-McGregor N.; Pöschl J.; Stehrer R.
  2. Network Structures in Regional Innovation Systems By Jérôme Stuck; Tom Broekel; Javier Revilla
  3. Impact of research tax credit on R&D and innovation: evidence from the 2008 French reform. By A. Bozio; D. Irac; L. Py
  4. Regional policies to foster firms' innovation activity By Francesca Lotti; Maria Lucia Stefani
  5. Popular Knowledge Of The Past In Discussions On A City Online Forum By Alexander S. Makhov
  6. What innovation policies for ecological transition? Powering the green innovation machine By Reinhilde Veugelers
  7. Do KIPP Schools Boost Student Achievement? By Philip M. Gleason; Christina Clark Tuttle; Brian Gill; Ira Nichols-Barrer; Bing-ru Teh
  8. Democratizing intellectual property systems : how corruption hinders equal opportunities for firms By Paunov C.
  9. Rethinking entrepreneurship education within universities: knowledge sharing as value proposition By Alessandra Micozzi

  1. By: Foster-McGregor N.; Pöschl J.; Stehrer R. (UNU-MERIT)
    Abstract: A major international transmission channel of productivity increases is trade in intermediate products and services. This paper analyses international spillovers at the industry level and for the first time investigates effects from the services sector in this framework. The analysis makes use of newly available data on international input-output linkages between industries. Our results using this novel approach indicate significant positive productivity effects from innovation in knowledge intensive, high technology business services and confirm the productivity effects from international manufacturing spillovers found in the recent literature.
    Keywords: Empirical Studies of Trade; Economic Growth of Open Economies; Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives; Institutions and Growth;
    JEL: F14 F43 O31 O43
    Date: 2014
  2. By: Jérôme Stuck (1 Institute of Economic and Cultural Geography, Leibniz University, Hanover, Germany); Tom Broekel (Institute of Economic and Cultural Geography, Leibniz University, Hanover, Germany); Javier Revilla (Institute of Geography, University of Cologne, Cologne Germany)
    Abstract: While interactive learning and inter-organisational relations are fundamental building blocks in RIS theory, the framework is rarely related to investigations of regional knowledge network structures, because in RIS literature relational structures and interaction networks are discussed in a rather fuzzy and generic manner with the ‘network term’ often being used rather metaphorically. This paper contributes to the literature by discussing theoretical arguments about interactions and knowledge exchange relations in the RIS literature from the perspective of social network analysis. More precise, it links network theoretical concepts and insights to the well-known classification of RIS types by Cooke (2004). We thereby exemplarily show how the RIS literature and the literature on regional knowledge networks can benefit from considering insights of the respective other.
    Keywords: regional innovation system, network analysis, SNA, RIS
    JEL: O18 O33 R11 R12
    Date: 2014–12–17
  3. By: A. Bozio; D. Irac; L. Py
    Abstract: This paper presents an ex post evaluation of the 2008 reform of the French research tax credit. The tax scheme was massively overhauled, with a switch to a pure volume-based design, leading to a large increase in the number of firms applying and an important increase in the cost of the scheme. Given the timing and the characteristics of the reform, measuring its causal impact is challenging. We have relied on four unique sources of data – R&D surveys, administrative tax data, firm characteristics and patent datasets – to assess how French firms have reacted to these changes in incentives. Our empirical strategies rest on combining difference in differences with matching methods and taking advantage of the particular way the 2008 reform has affected incentives to invest in R&D. Our results suggest a positive effect of the 2008 reform on R&D at both the intensive margin and extensive margin, but a possible lower impact on innovation than could have been expected.
    Keywords: tax credit, evaluation, R&D, innovation.
    JEL: C23 H25 O32
    Date: 2014
  4. By: Francesca Lotti (Bank of Italy); Maria Lucia Stefani (Bank of Italy)
    Abstract: Following the constitutional reform of 2001, which gave increased autonomy Italian regions, and the new European guidelines from the Lisbon Agenda, there has been an upturn in regional legislative activity concerning innovation, leading to a critical review of the instruments adopted, mainly towards greater selectivity. Regional intervention tends to be highly fragmented, focusing on the funding of applied research and using grants as the preferred policy tool. In terms of sources of funds, structural funds have gained importance since the 2007-13 programming cycle, partly due to the economic crisis, and in the southern regions account for nearly all the resources devoted to fostering innovation. This paper presents a summary indicator, consisting of three "sub-indicators" approximating, respectively, the input of the innovation process, innovation output, and a quantitative measure of regional policies for innovation.
    Keywords: Innovation, regional policies
    JEL: O38 R58
    Date: 2014–11
  5. By: Alexander S. Makhov (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: The article presents a study about discussions of the past on an online urban forum. This research addresses the question as to what kinds of knowledge about the past function in discussions on an online forum. To answer this question one needs to solve a number of concerns. First, we must understand what kind of source is provided by the chosen object, and how we should define the communication that takes place there, and how it influences the contents of statements on the past made by users of the online forum. Second, in the main part of this paper, I will examine the contents and the characteristics of popular knowledge of the past.
    Keywords: Public Memory, Popular knowledge of the past, web-forum, online communication, Ekaterinburg
    JEL: Z
    Date: 2014
  6. By: Reinhilde Veugelers
    Abstract: In this contribution we describe how green policies should be designed to activate private innovation forces for ecological transitions. We look at the evidence on the current deployment of green policies and the current performance of the private green innovation machine. We try to assess how strong which types of government interventions have and can be to power the green innovation machine. An important insight from the economic analysis of the effectiveness of the public intervention for green innovations, is the complementarity between policy instruments, requiring an adequate policy mix of instruments, rather than a focus on individual instruments. The evidence provides little support for the efficacy of single instruments, like subsidies, when used in isolation. For the EU, this is perhaps the biggest challenge for its green technology policy: the lack of a sufficiently high carbon price. And as the evidence has shown that the world of green science and technologies is an emerging global, multipolar one, with many geographically dispersed sources in the various green scientific fields and technologies, coordination of green policies internationally should therefore be high on the policy agenda.
    Keywords: Ecological innovation, Economic growth path, Globalisation, Green jobs, Innovation, Innovation policy, New technologies, Patents, Policy options, Research, Socio-ecological transition
    JEL: O31 O38
    Date: 2014–12
  7. By: Philip M. Gleason; Christina Clark Tuttle; Brian Gill; Ira Nichols-Barrer; Bing-ru Teh
    Abstract: This article measures the achievement impacts of 41 Knowledge Is Power Program (KIPP) charter middle schools nationwide and found consistently positive and statistically significant test-score effects in reading, math, science, and social studies.
    Keywords: KIPP Student Achievement Charter Schools Education
    JEL: I
    Date: 2014–01–30
  8. By: Paunov C. (UNU-MERIT)
    Abstract: This paper analyses how corruption affects firms ownership of intellectual property titles that relate to firms technological, organizational and further innovation efforts quality certificates and patents. Using firm-level data covering 48 developing and emerging countries, we show corruption reduced the likelihood of firms seeking quality certificates. Smaller firms were more affected by corruption and benefited less from higher levels of trust in their business environment. Corruption did not have impacts on the quality certificate ownership of exporters, foreign- and publicly-owned firms. Firms machinery investments were also negatively affected. By contrast, we do not find effects on firms ownership of patents.
    Keywords: Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights; Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development; Intellectual Property Rights;
    JEL: O34 O12 D23
    Date: 2014
  9. By: Alessandra Micozzi (Università Politecnica delle Marche; Università Politecnica delle Marche)
    Abstract: Academic entrepreneurship, i.e. new firms that involve former students and researchers are especially important as a source of high-tech ventures and technology transfer from university. This is one of the reasons for the steady increase of entrepreneurship courses within university curricula observed in Italy during the last decade. Besides the supply of entrepreneurship courses one of the most promising ways to promote entrepreneurship is the creation of an organized ‘space’ where students can meet, attend workshops and seminars and above all have the opportunity to meet entrepreneurs, business angels, etc. while working at their own entrepreneurial idea. The ‘space’ will host students following different curricula; from humanities to engineering. The contamination of expertise and skills should facilitate the generation of new ideas. Moreover, the formation of heterogeneous teams is expected to raise the success rates of the new ventures. The paper discusses in details how such a space could be organized, the activities that could be carried out to attain its goals and the rules for the admission of students. This discussion is based on the review of the relevant literature and on a specific project carried out at the Università Politecnica delle Marche (Ancona, Italy).
    Keywords: Entrepreneurship education, entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial university
    Date: 2014–12

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