nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2014‒09‒29
five papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Science, Innovation and National Growth By Thomas Brenner
  2. Aligning knowledge sharing strategy with organizational culture By Thierno Tounkara; Pierre-Emmanuel Arduin
  3. Innovation on the seed market : the role of IPRs and commercialisation rules By Adrien Hervouet; Marc Baudry
  4. Innovative economy: new requirements to the education organization/ Инновационная экономика: новые требования к организации образования By Natalia Mayorova
  5. Cultural diversity at the top: Does it increase innovation and firm performance? By Nikos Bozionelos; Thomas Hoyland

  1. By: Thomas Brenner (Economic Geography and Location Research, Philipps-University, Marburg)
    Abstract: This paper studies the effects of public research (publications) and innovation output (patents) on national economic growth with the help of a GMM panel regression including 114 countries. Effects on productivity growth and capital and labor inputs are distinguished. Furthermore, different time lags are examined for the various analyzed effects and two time periods as well as less and more developed countries are studied separately. The results confirm the effect of innovation output on productivity for more developed countries. Simultaneously, innovation output is found to have negative impacts on capital and labor inputs, while public research is found to have positive impacts on labor inputs.
    Keywords: national growth, innovation, public research, growth
    JEL: O11 O31 E10 C23
    Date: 2014–09–14
  2. By: Thierno Tounkara (DSI - Département Systèmes d'Information - Institut Mines-Télécom - Télécom Ecole de Management); Pierre-Emmanuel Arduin (HEUDIASYC - Heuristique et Diagnostic des Systèmes Complexes - CNRS : UMR7253 - Université de Technologie de Compiègne)
    Abstract: This paper highlights the importance of organizational and cultural contexts in the efficiency of knowledge sharing strategies and particularly strategies based on the use of Information Systems to support knowledge sharing activities. Relying not only on our theoretical investigations, but also on industrial fieldworks, we propose a framework which helps Identify, given dominant characteristics of the organizational and cultural contexts, information system functionalities to develop or to promote in order to support knowledge sharing. A case study illustrates the use of our framework and the implications of this work are finally discussed at the end of this paper.
    Date: 2014
  3. By: Adrien Hervouet (LEMNA - Laboratoire d'économie et de management de Nantes Atlantique - Université de Nantes : EA4272); Marc Baudry (EconomiX - CNRS : UMR7166 - Université Paris X - Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense)
    Abstract: This article deals with the impact of legislation in the seed sector on incentives for variety creation. The first category of rules consists in intellectual property rights and is intended to address a problem of sequential innovation and R&D investments. The second category concerns commercial rules that are intended to correct a problem of adverse selection. We propose a dynamic model of market equilibrium with vertical product differentiation that enables us to take into account the economic consequences of imposing either Plant Breeders' Rights (PBRs) or patents as IPRs and either compulsory registration or minimum standards as commercialisation rules. The main result is that the combination of minimum standards and PBRs (patents) provides higher incentives for sequential and initial innovation and may be preferred by a public regulator when sunk investment costs are low (high) and the probability of R&D success is sufficiently high (low).
    Keywords: Intellectual Property Rights; Plant Breeders' Rights; Catalogue; Product differentiation; Seed market; Biodiversity
    Date: 2014–09–03
  4. By: Natalia Mayorova (Modern tradng "North-South" Department - Moscow State University of Food Production)
    Abstract: The article is devoted to the problem of formation of new economic relations related to services of higher education system in a context of transition of formation of preconditions of transition of national economy on innovative bases of development. In order to create innovative socially orientated economy with the continuous individualized education there is a recommendation to integrate financial possibilities of the state and the population by using the mechanism of the universal electronic card.
    Date: 2013
  5. By: Nikos Bozionelos (Audencia Recherche - Audencia); Thomas Hoyland (HUBS - Hull University Business School - Hull University)
    Abstract: The article focuses on cultural diversity and whether it has economic value. Though it is undisputed that cultural diversity within a country increases entrepreneurial behaviour the question that remains is whether this heightened entrepreneurial activity results in greater economic achievements. The article reports on a study that was carried out within the London area that presented an ideal setting given that London is a "super-diverse" city with intense economic activity. The results showed that ethnic diversity in the team of owners and partners of firms was indeed associated with greater innovativeness. This was in line with the view that diversity brings a variety of perspectives, skills and ways of thinking that in turn are translated into greater novelty in products or services and ways of performing tasks. On the other hand, however, ethnic diversity at the top did not translate into success at bringing innovations to the market, neither to revenue growth. Neither did the idea that diversity would be especially beneficial for innovation in knowledge-intensive industries find support. Finally, the data suggested that immigrants become entrepreneurs by choice rather than due to lack of better alternatives. The findings of the study raise the serious question of why the greater innovativeness that diversity brings does not generally translate into market and economic success, which opens new avenues for future research.
    Keywords: Diversity; Super-diversity; Global cities; Innovativeness; Market success; Economic success; Discrimination; Financial institutions
    Date: 2014–05–01

This nep-knm issue is ©2014 by Laura Ştefănescu. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.