nep-knm New Economics Papers
on Knowledge Management and Knowledge Economy
Issue of 2014‒09‒25
six papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. Local Knowledge Spillovers from International Science and Technology Cooperation: Evidence from EU-Tunisian Framwork Program Cooperation By Juliane Brach; Hatem M’henni
  2. A design theory for collaborative interorganizational knowledge management systems By Amandine Pascal; Catherine Thomas
  3. Flying the nest: How the home department shapes researchers’ career paths. By Hottenrott, Hanna; Lawson, Cornelia
  4. Les Déterminants de la Productivité des Inventeurs : Une Analyse en Termes de Diversité et de Cohérence de la Base de Connaissances By Riad Jawel Bouklia-Hassane
  5. A territorial approach to R&D subsidies: Empirical evidence for Catalonian firms By Agustí Segarra; Mercedes Teruel; Miquel Angel Bove
  6. Beyond university rankings ? Generating new indicators on European universities by linking data in open platforms By Andrea Bonaccorsi; Cinzia Daraio

  1. By: Juliane Brach (Research Fellow at Maastricht School of Management and CEO at The Knowledge Company, Germany, E-Mail:; Hatem M’henni (Professor at University of Manouba, Tunisia, E-Mail:
    Abstract: This paper provides and in depth analyses of EU-Tunisian science and technology cooperation. Combining state-of-the-art theoretical background on research and innovation with profound knowledge of the Tunisian research and innovation system. We are discussing the rational of EU-TUN science and technology cooperation and the potential benefits and spillovers for Tunisia. Drawing on a unique data set from a 2012 survey among 137 Tunisian researchers and detailed data on Tunisian participation in the latest two framework programs, we can empirically test the role and materialization of such benefits for the case of EU-TUN science and technology cooperation. We apply both descriptive as well as initial econometric testing and provide policy recommendations at the political as well as at the level of the researcher/research institution.
    Date: 2014–08
  2. By: Amandine Pascal (LEST - Laboratoire d'économie et de sociologie du travail - CNRS : UMR7317 - Aix Marseille Université); Catherine Thomas (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - CNRS : UMR7321 - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis (UNS))
    Abstract: This paper addresses the design problem of providing IT support to organizational knowledge creation within a geographical cluster. This study is based on a design science approach that serves to successfully introduce and implement a new IT artefact as a tool for interorganizational knowledge management. We draw on a case study of developing a portal for mapping competencies in an IT cluster in France. Abstracting from the experience of building this system, we developed an IS design theory for collaborative interorganizational knowledge management systems.
    Keywords: design science, design theory, knowledge management, cluster, interorganizational system
    Date: 2014–05–20
  3. By: Hottenrott, Hanna; Lawson, Cornelia (University of Turin)
    Abstract: Academic researchers face mobility related decisions throughout their careers. We study the importance of team and organisational characteristics of the home departments for career choices of departing researchers in the fields of science and engineering at higher education institutions in Germany. We find that the organisational environments–the nests–shape career paths. Research funding, research performance in terms of patents and publications as well as the industry ties of department heads shape job choices. In particular, public research grants increase the probability that departing researchers take a research job at a university or public research centre, while grants from industry increase the likelihood that they take a job in industry. Publication performance of the department head relates to R&D jobs in public, but not in industry and patents predict the probability that departing researchers will move to small and medium-sized firms. For these firms seeking technological knowledge from former university employees may be particularly crucial. Academic start-ups are more likely to be a job destination for departing researchers from technical universities, from departments with higher publication output and with a research focus on experimental development.
    Date: 2014–07
  4. By: Riad Jawel Bouklia-Hassane (GATE Lyon Saint-Étienne - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - CNRS : UMR5824 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - École Normale Supérieure (ENS) - Lyon - PRES Université de Lyon - Université Jean Monnet - Saint-Etienne - Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I (UCBL))
    Abstract: Bien que la créativité humaine soit au coeur du processus d'innovation, peu d'attention a été accordée à la dimension individuelle dans l'analyse de l'activité d'innovation. L'objet de ce travail est d'étudier les déterminants de la productivité des inventeurs individuels. Contrairement à d'autres études, notre hypothèse est que le stock de connaissances de l'inventeur n'est pas homogène. Aussi, nous élaborons un modèle qui 'augmente' les spécifications traditionnelles par l'introduction des facteurs de diversité d'une part et de cohérence d'autre part de la base de connaissances des inventeurs. Les résultats des estimations économétriques réalisées sur les données de brevets des inventeurs français et britanniques valident l'hypothèse d'une influence positive de ces deux facteurs sur la productivité des inventeurs individuels. Ils mettent également en évidence la présence d'un effet indirect de la cohérence sur la productivité de l'inventeur : plus la cohérence de la base de connaissances de l'inventeur est grande et plus l'impact de la diversification technologique sur sa productivité est élevé.
    Keywords: inventeurs prolifiques; brevets, diversification technologique; cohérence des connaissances; capacité d'innovation; système national d'innovation
    Date: 2014
  5. By: Agustí Segarra (Research Group of Industry and Territory, Department of Economics – CREIP, Universitat Rovira i Virgili); Mercedes Teruel (Research Group of Industry and Territory, Department of Economics – CREIP, Universitat Rovira i Virgili); Miquel Angel Bove (Research Group of Industry and Territory, Department of Economics – CREIP, Universitat Rovira i Virgili)
    Abstract: Using a database of 2,263 responses to R&D public calls in Catalonia, during the period 2007–2010, this paper proceeds to analyse the potential interaction of the territorial and policy dimensions with the propensity to apply for, and be awarded, a public R&D subsidy. Controlling for characteristics at the firm and project level, we estimate models using a twostep procedure. In the first step, our results suggest that large firms which export and which belong to high-tech manufactures are more likely to participate in a public R&D call. Furthermore, both urban location and past experience of such calls have a positive effect. Our territorial proxy of information spillovers shows a positive sign, but this is only significant at intra-industry level. Membership of one of the sectors prioritized by the Catalan government, perhaps surprisingly, does not have a significant impact. In the second step, our results show that cooperative projects, SMEs or old firms shows a positive effect on the probability of obtaining a public subsidy. Finally, the cluster policy does not show a clear relationship with the public R&D call, suggesting that cluster policies and R&D subsidies follow different goals. Our results are in line with previous results in the literature, but they highlight the unequal territorial distribution of the firms which apply and the fact that policymakers should interlink the decision criteria for their public call with other policies.
    Keywords: Evaluation, R&D policies, territorial approach, clusters
    JEL: L53 L25 O38
    Date: 2014–09
  6. By: Andrea Bonaccorsi (DESTEC, University of Pisa, Italy); Cinzia Daraio (Department of Computer, Control and Management Engineering, Universita' degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza")
    Abstract: The need for new indicators on universities is growing as governments and decision makers at all levels are faced with the huge opportunities generated by new knowledge, but at the same time are pressed hard by budget constraints. University rankings are attracting policy and media attention, but at the same time receive harsh methodological criticism. After reviewing the critical literature on rankings, we suggest that a change in the paradigm of design and production of indicators is needed. The traditional approach is one that leverages on existing data but also suggests heavy investment to integrate existing databases and build up tailored indicators. We show how the intelligent integration of existing data may lead to an open linked data platform that permits the construction of new indicators. The power of the approach derives from the ability to combine heterogeneous sources of data in order to derive indicators that address a variety of user needs,without designing the indicators on a custom basis.
    Keywords: university; rankings; indicators design; data integration
    Date: 2014

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