nep-knm New Economics Papers
on All new papers
Issue of 2014‒09‒08
five papers chosen by
Laura Ştefănescu
Centrul European de Studii Manageriale în Administrarea Afacerilor

  1. The effect of external knowledge sources and their geography on innovation in Knowledge Intensive Business Services (KIBS) SMEs; some Implications for de-industrialised regions in the UK By Maja Savic; Helen Lawton Smith; Ioannis Bournakis
  2. Imitation versus Innovation: What Makes the Difference? By Spyros Arvanitis; Florian Seliger
  3. Are organizational innovation practices complements or substitutes for technological innovation performance? By Caroline Mothe; Uyen T. Nguyen-Thi; Phu Nguyen-Van
  4. Benchmark Value Added Chains and Regional Clusters in German R&D Intensive Industries By Reinhold Kosfeld; Mirko Titze
  5. Trade Specialisation and Policies to Foster Competition and Innovation in Denmark By Muge Adalet McGowan

  1. By: Maja Savic (Department of Economics and International Development); Helen Lawton Smith (Department of Management, Birkbeck University of London); Ioannis Bournakis (Department of Management, Birkbeck University of London)
    Date: 2014–08
  2. By: Spyros Arvanitis (KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, Switzerland); Florian Seliger (KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, Switzerland)
    Abstract: The main objective of this empirical paper is to identify characteristics of imitation and innovation and shed light on possible differences between these two kinds of innovative activity. Thus, it tries to answer the following questions: (a) what are the determinants of imitative performance compared to determinants of innovative performance and (b) what are the determinants of switching from imitative to innovative behavior compared to imitators and innovators showing persistence over time. The study is based on Swiss firm data. In sum, our findings indicate that imitating firms are significantly more ‘extroverted’ than innovating firms because their activities are much more related to external R&D activities and cooperation and medium-educated personnel. Innovating firms do not rely to the same extent on the exploration of external knowledge. Their rather ‘introverted’ behavior seems be more related with intense exploitation of internal resources. Further, the profiles of different types of innovating firms show that an innovation performance hierarchy exists ranking from occasional innovators through switchers to persistently innovating firms.
    Keywords: innovation, imitation
    JEL: O31
    Date: 2014–08
  3. By: Caroline Mothe; Uyen T. Nguyen-Thi; Phu Nguyen-Van
    Abstract: We empirically investigate the pattern of complementarity between four organizational practices. Firm-level data were drawn from the Community Innovation Survey (CIS) carried out in 2008 in Luxembourg. Supermodularity tests confirm the crucial role of organizational innovation in raising firms’ technological innovation. The pattern of complementarity between organizational practices differs according to the type of innovation, i.e. product or process innovation, but also according to whether the firm is in the first stage of the innovation process (i.e. being innovative or not) or in a later stage (i.e. innovation performance in terms of sales of new products).
    Keywords: Complementarity; Organizational innovation; Substitution; Supermodularity; Technological innovation
    JEL: D22 O32
    Date: 2014–08–29
  4. By: Reinhold Kosfeld (University of Kassel); Mirko Titze (IWH)
    Abstract: Although the phase of euphoria seems to be over, policymakers and regional agencies have maintained their interest in cluster policy. Modern cluster theory provides reasons for positive external effects that may accrue from interaction in a group of proximate enterprises operating in common and related fields. While there is some progress in locating clusters, in most cases only limited knowledge on the geographical extent of regional clusters is established. The present paper presents a hybrid approach to cluster identification. While dominant buyer-supplier relations are derived by qualitative input-output analysis (QIOA) from national I-O tables, potential regional clusters are identified by spatial scanning. This procedure is employed to identify clusters of German R&D intensive industries. In a sensitivity analysis, good robustness properties of the hybrid approach are revealed with respect to variations in the quantitative cluster composition.
    Keywords: National cluster templates, regional clusters, qualitative input-output analysis (QIOA), spatial scanning
    JEL: R12 R15
    Date: 2014
  5. By: Muge Adalet McGowan
    Abstract: Danish productivity has grown only weakly over the past two decades, both historically and in relation to other countries, despite sound policies and institutions. At the same time, the country has lost export market shares. Denmark needs to continue its efforts to reap the benefits of globalisation, which would contribute to invigorating productivity growth. Fostering competition by removing regulatory barriers and improving public procurement would help. In addition, innovation policy needs to become more efficient and more in line with the growing importance of the service sector and knowledge-based capital. Small and medium-sized enterprises could be better integrated into global markets by improving their access to finance and developing the entrepreneurship culture. This Working Paper relates to the 2013 OECD Economic Survey of Denmark ( htm). Spécialisation commerciale et politiques de promotion de la concurrence et de l'innovation au Danemark La productivité danoise n’a progressé que modérément au cours des deux dernières décennies, en comparaison aux périodes passées et aux autres pays, malgré des politiques et des institutions de bonne qualité. En outre, le Danemark a perdu des parts de marché à l’exportation. Le pays doit poursuivre ses efforts pour tirer parti des retombées positives de la mondialisation, ce qui contribuerait à stimuler la croissance de la productivité. Il faudrait également promouvoir la concurrence en supprimant les obstacles réglementaires et en améliorant les procédures de marchés publics. En outre, les politiques d’innovation doivent gagner en efficacité et prendre davantage en compte l’importance croissante du secteur des services et du capital intellectuel. L’intégration des petites et moyennes entreprises dans les marchés mondiaux pourrait être renforcée en améliorant leur accès aux financements et en développant la culture entrepreneuriale. Ce Document de travail se rapporte à l’Étude économique de l’OCDE du Danemark, 2013 ( ique-danemark.htm).
    Keywords: Denmark, innovation, productivity, small and medium-sized enterprises, competition, regulation, trade specialisation, global value chains, export market shares, chaînes de valeur mondiales, parts de marché à l’exportation, réglementation, spécialisation commerciale, petites et moyennes entreprises, productivité, innovation, Danemark, concurrence
    JEL: D24 F1 O3 O4
    Date: 2014–06–03

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